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REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

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Title: REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN


1
REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN
  • DALER FAYZIEV , Specialist of Department of
    Foreign Economic Relations
  • Venice, Italy, 13 th of April 2011

2
Contents
  1. State symbols
  2. Tajikistan in figures
  3. Doing business in Tajikistan
  4. Natural Recourses
  5. Energy
  6. Tourism
  7. Transport
  8. Useful links

3
1. State symbols
  • National Emblem
  • The National Emblem of the Republic of
    Tajikistan's represents the image of stylized
    crown and semicircle from seven stars on it in
    the beams of sun arising behind of the mountains,
    covered with snow and framed by wreath which is
    made on the right from ears of wheat and on the
    left from branches of a cotton. From above a
    wreath is interlaced by a three-striped tape and
    in the bottom sector there is placed a book on
    the support.

4
1.1 State symbols
  • State flag
  • The state flag of the Republic of Tajikistan
    represents a right-angled panel consisting from
    three colored stripes located horizontal the top
    stripe - red color and equal to it on width the
    bottom stripe of green color, the average white
    stripe, making one and a half width of dense
    stripes. On a white stripe, at the distance of
    half of length of a panel from a flagstaff, there
    is a stylized gold crown and a semicircle from
    seven stars above it. The attitude of the general
    width of a flag to length is 12. The crown and a
    star are entered in a rectangle, the sides of
    which on a vertical make 0,8 and across 1,0 width
    of a white stripe. Five-pointed stars are entered
    in a circle with diameter 0,15 and settle down on
    an arch radius of 0,5 width of a white stripe.
    There are three colors on a flag of the Republic
    of Tajikistan green, red and white. A green
    stripe are valleys, they are not enough in
    republic - 7 of territory. Because the rest of
    the territory is occupied by mountains. The white
    stripe is a color of the main richness of
    republic - cotton and also the color of snow and
    ice in high mountains. The red color is a color
    of unification of republic and brotherhood with
    other nations of the world.

5
2. Tajikistan in figures
  • The Republic of Tajikistan situated on the
    North-East part of Central Asia. Area - 143,100
    sq km. Population - 7,029,000. Capital -
    Dushanbe. Currency somoni (introduced in
    October 2000).
  •  State borders length 700 km from the West to
    the East, 350 km from the North to the South. On
    the West and the North Tajikistan shares border
    with Uzbekistan (910 km) and Kyrgyzstan (630 km),
    on the South with Afghanistan (1030 km), on the
    East with China (430 km).
  •  Climate continental. Average temperature in
    June July from 30 to 35 degree above zero.
  •  Modern Tajikistan is a mountainous country with
    the altitudes vary from 300 to 7,495 meters above
    the sea level. 93 of the territory are mountain
    ranges relating to Pamirs, Hissar-Alay and
    Tien-Shan mountain systems. The mentioned ranges
    are divided by rich and fertile lands of
    Ferghana, Zerafshan, Vakhsh and Hissar valleys.
    Complicated relief and big amplitude of mountain
    systems high caused exceptional diversity of
    flora and fauna. Tajikistan country of high
    peaks, strong glaciers, swift rapid rivers,
    unrepeatable in terms of beauty lakes, unique
    flora and rare animals. Mountainous, floor
    landscape determines originality and peculiarity
    of Tajikistans nature, riches of its forms
    called for life by diversity of climatic zones.
    In the republic it is possible during the one and
    half hour fly from heat of Vakhsh valley get
    arctic cold of everlasting snows of Pamirs.

6
3. Doing business in Tajikistan
  • Tajikistan is an agrarian-industrial country. In
    accordance with the Constitution, the economy of
    the country consists of different forms of
    ownership. The state guarantees freedom of
    economic activities and enterprises, equality and
    legal protection for all forms of ownership,
    including private.
  • Land, its minerals, water, air, flora and fauna
    and other natural resources are the exclusive
    property of the state and the state guarantees
    their effective use in the interests of the
    people.
  • While in Tajikistan the land is not transferred
    to private ownership, and can be leased for any
    length of time.
  • The main macroeconomic indicators of RT in the
    first half of 2009 (official data of State
    Statistics Committee of Tajikistan)
  • Gross Domestic Product - 7826.6 million Somoni.
    (102,8 compared to the same period in 2008).
  • Volume of industrial production (works, services)
    - 2558.9 million Somoni. (86,7 over the same
    period in 2008).
  • Gross agricultural output - 1835.9 million Somoni
    (that makes 114,8 compared to the same period in
    2008).

7
  • Foreign trade turnover - 1,615.8 million,
    including
  • "Marmar", "Obi Zulol" and etc.
  • Exports - 411.4 million
  • Imports - 1,204.4 million
  • Number of registered unemployed (end of June
    2009) - 44,2 thousand people.
  • Tajikistan is rich in natural resources,
    including such as hydropower (8 th place in the
    world), precious stones and metals, ores, coal,
    etc. The Republic has good potential for tourism
    development.
  • The priority areas of investment in the Tajik
    economy are completion of the Rogun
    hydroelectric power and small hydropower plants
    on the inland rivers of the republic, the
    extraction and processing of precious stones and
    metals, ores, development of telecommunications,
    processing of cotton and other agricultural
    products.
  • Government of the republic creates favorable
    conditions for large investors. Thus, according
    to new laws, the payment of income tax for two
    years are exempt for enterprises with foreign
    investment from 100 thousand to 500 thousand
    dollars. If the share of foreign partner in the
    joint venture will be 500 thousand to 2
    million, the grace period is 3 years. 5-year
    grace period during which the company will not be
    taxed on income, is provided in cases when
    foreign investment is U.S. 5 million or more.

8
4. Natural Recourses
  •  The depths of Tajikistan contain almost all
    elements of the periodic table and are the unique
    store of minerals. Today Tajikistan has
    discovered, prospected and prepared for
    development 400 ore and other minerals deposits.
  • Tajikistan is referred to the category of
    countries having considerable deposits of
    precious metals.
  • There are a few gold and ore deposits in
    Zaravshan Valley (Chore, Shahbas, Kum-manor),
    which are aimed to ensure a long-term operation
    of gold-mining enterprises. According to the data
    provided by the Academy of Sciences of the
    Republic of Tajikistan, today there are 28
    deposits of gold on the territory of Tajikistan
    with a general capacity amounting to about 429,3
    tons.
  • Bolshoy Konimansur, which is the second largest
    deposit of silver in the world, is located in the
    north of the country, on the territory of Sugd
    region. If Tajikistan produces up to 50 tons of
    silver annually, the silver reserves shall be
    still sufficient for more than 150 years.
  • Tajikistan holds the first place amongst the CIS
    countries for its reserves of antimony. The
    largest deposit of antimony is Skalnoye (over
    50 of the CIS reserves of antimony). Apart from
    antimony and mercury reserves, there are 214
    deposits of other natural resources in Sugd
    region, such as lead and zinc (16 deposits),
    copper and bismuth (3), molybdenum and wolframite
    (1), strontium (2), iron (3), gold (15), silver
    (7), tin (1), coal (11), oil and gas (11),
    fluorspar (5), rock-salt (1) and etc. The mining
    area Uchkado is unique for its content of gold,
    silver, lead, zinc and antimony. According to
    preliminary calculations, the estimate value of
    the hidden ores of metals exceeds 10 billion US
    dollars. There is no other deposit of that kind
    elsewhere in the world.

9
5. Energy
  • Energy Sector
  •  According to the information provided by a
    well-known edition, the World Atlas HYDROPOWER
    DAMS (1997), Tajikistan takes the first place in
    the world for its hydropower resources (specific
    parameters) and according to the absolute
    parameters (300 billion kWt/h per year) the
    eighth place. Should they be used in full volume,
    the Republic can become the largest electricity
    exporter in the region,
  • Despite availability of a considerable amount of
    energy resources, the country still experiences a
    significant energy deficiency (up to 600 million
    kWt/h per year), basically in winter period.

10
6. Tourism
  • Tajikistan has just about everything that a
    traveler would want to see it has history by
    the bucket load (refer to the Pamirs website),
    and it has beautiful untouched mountain scenery.
    It has hospitable people and it is bound to
    provide you with a trip you will always remember.
  • Tajikistan is not an easy place to get to or
    travel round and unless going on an expensive
    everything included Western operated tour, it is
    for the real independent minded traveler. It is
    not easy but the rewards are huge. The biggest
    cost for the independent traveler is likely to be
    transport costs hence the separate website
    page.
  • It is also amazing that for such a small country
    there is so much to do and see. From trekking in
    the beautiful Fann mountains to traveling the
    second highest highway in the world, to visiting
    the longest glacier in the world outside the
    Polar regions, climbing some of the highest
    mountains in the world, taking tea with Pamiri
    families and waving at Afghans across the river.
    You can see the highest dam in the world and you
    can track the endangered Marco Polo sheep and
    follow the ancient Silk Road.
  • One of the easiest things to do, and one of the
    things quite a few travel agents offer is an
    excursion from Samarkand into Tajikistan to the
    ancient city of Penjikent in the Fann Mountains.
    It doesnt take long to do this and you can get a
    clear taster of Tajikistan without having to
    build on lots of days to take on the whole
    country. It is logical really as Samarkand is
    historically a Tajik city but not many tourists
    venture over the border.

11
7.Transport
  • Motor Transport
  • The total length of highway is 27,8 thousand
    square km.
  • More than 90 of passengers flow of traffic
    and more than 80 of internal freight occurs via
    motor transport.
  • First stage of project Rehabilitation and
    reconstruction of road Dushanbe - Khujand -
    Chanak border with Uzbekistan and also the
    construction of the Anzob pass laying that
    connects South with the North were finished. Road
    construction with tunnel under Turkestanskiy
    mountain range is going on.
  • Reconstruction and construction of road
    Dushanbe Kulyab Kalai Khumb Khorog Murgab
    pass Kulma (Tajikistans border with PRC) with
    further exit to Karokorum highway Karachi (exit
    to the sea) is going on.
  • In the Eastern Pamir part of the road that
    connects Pamir route with Karokorum highway is
    built. Transport connection with Pakistan, India
    and countries of Asian-Pacific region is
    established.
  •  
  •  

12
  • Railways
  • The total length of railway is 943 kilometers,
    of which 678 km are main railways. The main
    portion of the railways is located in the
    southern part of the Republic and it connects the
    capital city with the industrial zones of Gissar
    and Vakhsh Valleys and with the external world.
  • Though most part of the interstate cargo is by
    railways but this type of transport didnt
    receive proper development due to difficult
    relief conditions.
  • The construction of the railway Kurgan-Tyube
    Kulyab connecting the Kulyab region with the
    center of county has been completed.
  • Regular trips on the Dushanbe-Moscow, Dushanbe
    - Astrahan, Khujand Saratov, Kulyab
    -Astrahan, Dushanbe Kanibadam, and Kurgan
    Tyube - Kanibadam routes are conducted.
  • Air Transport
  • The air service is conducted through aircrafts
    provided by the state unitary aviation
    enterprise, Tojikiston, and other aviation
    enterprises from CIS countries. There are 2 large
    airports with field lengths of more than 3 km and
    4 airports with field lengths over 2,5 km.
  • Aviation enterprise Tojikiston conducts
    regular flights from Tajikistan to Munich,
    Istanbul, Sharjah, Delhi, Tehran, Urumchi,
    Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Ekaterinburg, Almaty,
    Bishkek and other world destinations.

13
  • Pipeline Transport
  • The pipeline transportation in Tajikistan is
    insignificantly developed. The length of gas
    pipelines is 541 km and oil pipelines is 38 km.
  • Telecommunications
  • Tajikistan has 9 cellular operators in GSM and
    CDMA standards. These companies are CJSC
    Babilon-M, CJSC Indigo - Tajikistan, JV CJSC
    Somoncom, CJSC TT - Mobile, CJSC ?.????,
    Takom LLC, CJSC Telecomm Technology,
    Babilon-T, CJSC TK Mobile and other
    companies provide cellular services and internet
    services in the Republic.

14
8. Useful Links
  • Government and Parliament http//www.president.tj
    - Official site of the President of the Republic
    of Tajikistan http//www.majmilli.tj - Majlisi
    Milli Majlisi Oli http//www.parlament.tj -
    Majlisi Namoyandagon Tajikistan Public
    institutions http//www.mfa.tj - Ministry of
    Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan
    http//www.met.tj - Ministry of Economic
    Development and Trade of the Republic of
    Tajikistan http//www.minfin.tj - Ministry of
    Finance of the Republic of Tajikistan
    http//www.medinfo.tojikiston.com - The Ministry
    of the Republic of Tajikistan http//www.stat.tj
    - The State Statistics Committee of the Republic
    of Tajikistan http//www.tpp.tj - Chamber of
    Commerce of the Republic of Tajikistan Banks
    http//www.nbt.tj - National Bank of Tajikistan
    http//www.agroinvestbank.tj - Agroinvestbak
    http//www.orienbank.com - Orienbank
    http//www.sodirotbonk.com - Tojiksodirotbank
    http//www.eskhata.com - Bank Eskhata

15
  • Diplomatic missionshttp//www.rusembassy.tajnet.
    com - Russian Embassy in Tajikistan
    http//www.fco.gov.uk/ Embassy of the United
    Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in
    the Republic of Tajikistan http//www.untj.org -
    Relations with the United Nations
    http//www.undp.tj - United Nations Development
    Program (UNDP) Legislation http//www.tpac.tj
    - Social Fund for Development of Arbitration
    Library http//www.aclib.tj - Central
    Scientific Library of the Academy of Sciences of
    the Republic of Tajikistan Insurance companies,
    law firms http//www.lex.tj - Firm "Lex"
    http//www.lcg.tj - ZAO Lega Consulting Group

16
  • Education, Science http//www.rtsu.tj -
    Russian-Tajik (Slavic) University http//tut.tj
    - University of Technology http//www.daad.tj -
    Education on the Internet http//www.iatp.tj -
    Education on the Internet
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