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MILITARY COURTESY ARMY / AIRFORCE / MARINES NAVY Collar Insignia Shoulder Board (NAVY) Captain Lieutenant Senior Grade Major Lieutenant Commander ARMY / AIRFORCE ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Courtesy Defined
  • The expression or manifestation of consideration
    for the rights of others.
  • More than merely obeying the forms of polite
  • The kind of virtue expected of all individuals be
    it in the military or in civilian life.
  • It is a deep-rooted spirit of friendliness

  • mutual respect.
  • Just like loyalty, in the military, courtesy
    works both ways a junior officer is courteous
    and obedient to his senior, but the senior is
    also considerate and respectful of his junior.
  • We act with courtesy toward our senior/elders
    because we recognize their authority and

  • Likewise, the senior must show equal courtesy,
    recognizing the essential role that the junior
    plays as a member of a team.
  • Discipline and courtesy are two inseparable
    virtues of people working in the military, for
    these are integral parts of the soldiers
  • These ingredients, if religiously practised in
    the individuals day to day activities, will
    indeed foster success in the undertakings of the
    organization where

  • he/she is involved.
  • In the military, courtesy is displayed by
  • - Proper execution of salute
  • - Standing at attention during
  • ceremonies
  • - Observing proper decorum and
  • protocol
  • - Answering superiors with due respect
  • - Giving briefings and making official
  • calls

The Salute
  • The most important manifestation of all military
    courtesies is the salute.
  • In the military establishments, the salute is
    mostly used and it distinguishes the military
    man/woman in its execution.
  • Salute indicates pride in himself/herself and
    his/her unit and thus enhances the building up of
    confidence in his/her

  • ability to perform his/her assigned duties well,
    even without being told to do so.
  • How to Salute
  • From the position of attention or if walking from
    an erect position, raise the right hand smartly
    until the tip of the forefinger touches the lower
    part of the headgear, forearm inclined at 45
    degrees, hand and wrist at straight line, palm
    slightly inward, thumb and fingers extended and

Rules in Rendering the Hand Salute
  • The salute is required on and off military
    installations during and outside office hours.
  • Persons entitled to the salute
  • - All commissioned officers of the AFP,
  • both male and female.
  • - Commissioned officers of friendly
  • nations when they are recognized as
  • such

  • - Officers of the Coast Guard and
  • Geodetic Survey and the Public Health
  • Service when they are serving with the
  • AFP.
  • - All civilians who are entitled by reason
  • of position, to gun salute or other
  • honors, are also entitled by custom to
  • salute.
  • Salute is rendered at a distance of about six (6)
    paces from the person saluted, or

  • at a recognizable distance of thirty (30) paces.
  • The salute must be returned by those entitled to
  • - It is not rendered when running but at
  • halt or walk.
  • - Never salute with cigarette, cigar or
  • pipe in the mouth.
  • - The salute should not be executed in a
  • haphazard or perfunctory manner.

  • - Salutes are exchanged whether individuals are
    covered or uncovered.
  • The salute is rendered but once
  • - If the senior remains in the immediate
  • vicinity and no conversation takes
  • place.
  • - If a conversation occurs, the junior
  • again salutes when they part from each
  • other.
  • In making reports, the person reporting salutes
    first regardless of

  • rank. An example of this case is when a unit
    commander is reporting to the adjutant during a
  • In cases not mentioned above or when there is
    doubt whether or not to salute, it is safe or
    preferably to render a salute.
  • When to Salute
  • When meeting a senior officer

  • When the National Color passes by.
  • When the National Anthem is being played.
  • When reporting.
  • After conversing with an officer.
  • When not to Salute
  • When standing near or leading a horse.
  • When indoors, except when reporting.
  • When at work.
  • When driving or riding in a fast moving vehicle.

  • When in a recreational hall, making the salute
  • When engaged in actual games and athletic
  • When meeting a prisoner of war.
  • When both hands are so occupied as to make
    saluting impractical.
  • When in a public conveyance especially if in
    crowded places.
  • When in rank as if you are part of a formation.

  • It is a mistake in saluting
  • when
  • Bowing the head as the salute is given.
  • Bringing the heads down before the
  • Holding the arms awkwardly high or letting it sag
    to low.
  • Saluting while in double time.
  • Avoiding the gaze of the person being saluted.

  • Saluting with cigar/cigarette or pipe in the
  • Saluting when chewing gum or candy in the mouth.
  • Definition of Terms
  • Outdoors is construed to include such buildings
    as drill halls, gymnasiums and other roofed
    enclosures used for drill or exercise of troops.
    Theaters, covered walks and other shelters open
    on the

  • sides are also considered as outdoors.
  • Indoors includes offices, hallways, kitchen,
    orderly rooms, recreation halls, washrooms and
  • Under arms means carrying of arms or having
    attached to the person by sling, holster or other
    means. In the absence of arms the wearing of
    cartridge belts, pistol holster, or automatic
    rifle belts are also means under arms.
  • Courtesy Call is a military custom or

  • practice whereby a newly reported officer or
    enlisted personnel makes an official visit to his
    immediate commander.
  • Reporting to an Officer
  • The salute is rendered by a junior officer when
    reporting to a senior officer. He also salutes
    before leaving.
  • Reporting indoors without arms
  • - A soldier removes his headgear,
  • knocks at the door of the office, and

  • enters when told to do so.
  • - Upon entering, he halts at about two
  • paces from the officer and salutes and
  • says Sir, Pvt Cruz reports to the
  • Company Commander.
  • - The salute is retained until he
  • completes his report and the officer has
  • returned his salute.
  • - When the business is completed, the
  • soldier salutes, executes about face
  • and leaves the office.

  • Reporting Indoors Under Arms the procedure in
    reporting is the same as discussed above except
    that the soldier remains covered. If carrying a
    rifle, the soldier carries it and salutes at
    trail arms. Otherwise the hand salute is given.
  • Reporting Outdoors the procedure of reporting
    to an officer outdoors is the same as discussed
    above except that the headgear is not removed.
    The rifle should be carried at trail or right
    shoulder. The hand salute or rifle salute

  • is given as the case may be.
  • Reporting for Pay A soldier reporting for pay
    answers here when his name is called,
    approaches and salutes the officer paying. He
    picks up and counts his money and leaves without
    saluting. The officer does not return his

Other Courtesies to Individuals
  • When an officer enters a room or tent Officers
    junior to him and enlisted men
  • present will uncover (if unarmed) and
  • stand at attention until the officer
  • directs otherwise or leaves the room.
  • - When more than one individual are
  • present, the first one who perceives the
  • officer will command attention loud

  • to be heard by everybody present .
  • - Everybody stands at attention until the
  • officer says otherwise.
  • When an officer enters a room or tent used as an
    office, workshop, recreation room
  • - Those at work or at play are not
  • required to come to attention unless
  • addressed by the officer.
  • - A junior when addressed by a senior

  • comes to attention, except in the transaction of
    routine business between individuals at work.
  • When an officer enters an enlisted mens mess
  • - The group is called to at ease by the
  • person noticing him first.
  • - Men remain seated at ease and
  • continue eating unless the officer
  • directs otherwise.

  • - A soldier addressed stops eating and sits
    erect until the conversation is ended.
  • When accompanying a senior a junior walks or
    rides on his left except when accompanying a
    senior during inspection.
  • When entering a car or small boat the junior
    goes in first and others follow in the inverse
    order of rank. In getting off, the senior goes
    out first and others following the order of rank.

  • Officers and enlisted men under arms uncover
  • - Seated as a member for an attendance
  • at court or board.
  • - Entering places of divine worship.
  • - Indoor when not on duty.
  • - In attendance at an official reception.

Military Titles
  • All AFP personnel are addressed by their full
    titles in official correspondence. In
    conversation or official correspondence they are
    addressed as follows

Rank Addressed As
Brigadier General to General General
Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel Colonel
Rank Addressed As
Major Major
Captain Captain
First Lieutenant and Second Lieutenant Lieutenant
Chaplain Chaplain
Nurse Nurse
Sergeant to Master Sergeant Sergeant
Corporal Corporal
Rank Addressed As
Private to Private First Class Private
Cadet Mister
  • Navy personnel are addressed in conversations and
    unofficial correspondence as

Rank Addressed As
Rear Admiral to Admiral Admiral
Commodore Commodore
Rank Addressed As
Captain Captain
Lieutenant Commander to Commander Commander
Lieutenant Junior Grade to Lieutenant Senior Grade Lieutenant
Ensign/Cadet Mister
  • Any naval officer in command of a ship regardless
    of size or class while exercising such command is
    called CAPTAIN. When introducing a Naval
    Captain, it is customary to add after his name
    of the Navy, because a Captain of the Navy is
    equivalent to a Colonel in the Army.

Ranks Insignias in AFP
Commissioned officers
ARMY / AIRFORCE / MARINES NAVY Collar Insignia Shoulder Board (NAVY)
2nd Lieutenant Ensign
1st Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Grade
ARMY / AIRFORCE / MARINES NAVY Collar Insignia Shoulder Board (NAVY)
Captain Lieutenant Senior Grade
Major Lieutenant Commander
ARMY / AIRFORCE / MARINES NAVY Collar Insignia Shoulder Board (NAVY)
Lieutenant Colonel Commander
Colonel Captain
ARMY / AIRFORCE / MARINES NAVY Collar Insignia Shoulder Board (NAVY)
Brigadier General Commodore
Major General Rear Admiral
ARMY / AIRFORCE / MARINES NAVY Collar Insignia Shoulder Board (NAVY)
Lieutenant General Vice-Admiral
General Admiral