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Mental Health 101


Mental Health 101 What are signs to look for *NOTE: This presentation is to provide information and bring awareness about Mental Health ONLY a qualified professional ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mental Health 101

Mental Health 101
  • What are signs to look for
  • NOTE This presentation is to provide
    information and bring awareness about Mental
  • ONLY a qualified professional can make a mental
    health assessment

This presentation is brought to you by Martine
Fournier, Manager, Labour Services with the
United Way Durham Region
Bipolar Disorder
  • Behavioural Changes continued
  • Being restless
  • Sleeping little
  • Having an unrealistic belief in ones abilities
  • Behaving impulsively and taking part in a lot of
    pleasurable, high risk behaviours, such as
    spending sprees, impulsive sex, and impulsive
    business investments.
  • Symptoms of mania or manic episodes include
  • Mood Changes
  • A long period of feeling high, or an overly
    happy or outgoing mood
  • Extremely irritable mood, agitation, feeling
    jumpy or wired.
  • Behavioural Changes
  • Talking very fast, jumping from one idea to
    another, having racing thoughts
  • Being easily distracted
  • Increasing goal-directed activities, such as
    taking on new projects

Bipolar contd
  • Symptoms of depression or a depressive episode
  • Mood Changes
  • A long period of feeling worried or empty
  • Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed,
    including sex.
  • Behavioural Changes
  • Feeling tired or slowed down
  • Having problems concentrating, remembering, and
    making decisions
  • Being restless or irritable
  • Changing eating, sleeping, or other habits
  • Thinking of death or suicide, or attempting

  • The experience of depression varies widely from
    person to person. Yet there are common threads
    that weave their way through this morose
  • Symptoms
  • Hopeless Worthless
  • Useless Might as well be dead
  • Apathetic emotionless
  • Unresponsive extremely fatigued
  • Desire only to sleep
  • Low energy level
  • Sad no motivation
  • Anxious Slow
  • Short-tempered
  • Down irritable
  • Black attitude lonely, alone, abandoned
  • Miserable, terrible, horrible, lousy
  • Void, empty, hollow
  • Guilty of everything
  • Scared
  • Low self-esteem
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Ugly
  • Inability to function
  • Inability to experience pleasure
  • Angry
  • Want to be alone
  • Tense, quiet
  • Heavily burdened
  • Cry easily, helpless, fat, paranoid etc

Anxiety Disorders
  • What are the major kinds of anxiety disorders
  • Panic disorders
  • Phobias of intense fear
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Post traumatic Stress Disorder

Obsessive Compulsion Disorder
  • Compulsions
  • Thoughts, images, or impulses that occur over and
  • again and feel out of the persons control.
  • Repetitive behaviours or thought that a person

    engages in to neutralize,
    counteract, or make their obsessions go away.
  • Can also include avoiding situations that trigger
    their obsessions
  • Time consuming and get in the way of important
    activities the person values (socializing,
    working, going to school, etc.).
  • Fear of losing things
  • What Compulsions are not
  • Not all repetitive behaviours or rituals are
    compulsion. Bedtime routines, religious
    practices, and learning a new skill involve
    repeating an activity over and over again, but
    are a welcome part of daily life

  • Schizophrenia symptoms fall into 2 categories
    Positive Negative symptoms.
  • The positive or psychotic symptoms most
  • with schizophrenia include
  • Delusions
  • Hallucinations and
  • Grossly disorganized thought, mood and behaviour.
  • Disturbances of feeling or affect (mood)
  • Ambivalence
  • Sensitivity
  • The negative symptoms
  • Deficits in attention, memory, fluency of thought
    and language, emotional expression, judgment,
    decision-making and motivation
  • Can be persistent. These negative symptoms can
    lead to patterns of social withdrawal and
    alienation that may disrupt the persons ability
    to work and function normally.
  • Change in habits and ability to function
  • People with schizophrenia will likely have one or
    more of the symptoms mentioned. However, some of
    these symptoms are not unique to schizophrenia.
    It is always necessary to see a doctor for

Panic Disorder
  • Symptoms
  • Chest pain, pressure or discomfort.
  • Heart palpitations or rapid heart beat.
  • Difficulty breathing or catching your breath.
  • A choking sensation or lump in the throat.
  • Excessive sweating light-headedness or
  • Tingling or numbness in parts of the body.
  • Chills or hot flashes shaking or trembling or
    feelings of unreality or of being detached from
    the body.

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
  • Symptoms
  • feel empty, lonely, dont exist
  • Play roles (Who IM supposed to be
  • Sense or worthlessness
  • Self-destructive
  • Feel emotional vulnerable
  • Intense grief, terror, panic, abandonment,
    betrayal, agony, fury or humiliation.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) affects 1
of 2 people at least once in their lifetime. The
truth bout PTSD PTSD is a medical illness It is
not your fault that you feel this way It is not
something that you can control on your own. PTSD
can be treated PTSD is a reaction to an event
that caused, fear, helplessness or horror such
as A natural disaster (flood, tornado,
hurricane). An accident (car, plane, train,
boat). A physical attack (assault,
rape). Military combat
  • Sociopath / Psychopaths are both personality
    disorders, grouped under Antisocial Personality
  • Symptoms
  • Manipulative Failure to conform to Social norms
  • Impulsive Ego-Centric
  • Lack emotions Lack of responsibility
  • Absence of personal goals Pathological lying
  • Juvenile delinquency infidelity
  • Relentless deception Can be charming

Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Symptoms
  • Sense of self importance Excessive self
  • Believe themselves more special than others
  • Can take advantage of others to benefit self
  • Becoming arrogant
  • Emotional Show no respect for others feelings
  • Displays a strong personality on the exterior
  • Sets unrealistic goals Self obsession and undue
  • Self centered Exaggerates their achievements
    and abilities/talents

Mental Health Statistics
  • Support mental health care delivery, education
    and research
  • 1 in 4 will experience a mental illness severe
    enough to affect their daily activities
  • Suicide is the 2nd leading cause of death in
    Canada for people between ages 10 and 34.
  • Mental illnesses often develop during adolescence
    and young adulthood.
  • Depression and anxiety represent up to 90 of
    mental illnesses and cause up to 35 million lost
    workdays a year in Canada.
  • The highest proportion of people seeking mental
    health help are over age 65.
  • 4 in 5 people will be affected by the mental
    illness of someone close to them.