Complementary Theories: Feminist Approaches - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Complementary Theories: Feminist Approaches PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 457e7f-YTkyN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Complementary Theories: Feminist Approaches

Description:

Complementary Theories: Feminist Approaches Ethics Champions August 8, 2012 Carol Bayley VP Ethics and Justice Education Dignity Health What this hour is not Male ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:631
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 17
Provided by: CarolB75
Learn more at: http://www.che.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Complementary Theories: Feminist Approaches


1
Complementary Theories Feminist Approaches
  • Ethics Champions
  • August 8, 2012
  • Carol Bayley
  • VP Ethics and Justice Education
  • Dignity Health

2
Expectation Management
  • What this hour is not
  • Male bashing ?
  • A definition/overview/defense/critique of
    feminism
  • A description of the way women do bioethics
  • comprehensive
  • What this hour is
  • General effects of feminist thinking on the
    discipline of ethics
  • A look at some of the ways medicine is gendered
  • A consideration of feminist approaches to
    bioethics as corrective or complementary to
    traditional approaches

3
Traditional Ethical Theories
  • Consequentialist theories
  • Deontological theories
  • Virtue theories

4
But waitwhats a theory?
  • Systematic way of thinking
  • To account for the way things are
  • To answer questions
  • (To predict or control)
  • To determine right behavior, praiseworthiness,
    blameworthiness

5
Feminist approaches to ethics are not theory
  • Critique of dominant theories of the way things
    are
  • History is written by the winners, etc.
  • Take insight from feminist theories (of politics,
    of psychology, of economics, of linguistics) and
    applies them to ethics
  • When your worldview is different, many
    differences follow

6
Whats wrong with using man when you mean
everyone?
7
Some Room for Correction
  • Theories are concerned with the objective, the
    universal, not the particular or the local
  • Traditional theories govern relations between
    strangers much in medical ethics occurs between
    intimates
  • highest level of functioning
  • Capacity to engage in cause and effect reasoning?
  • Capacity to love or relate empathically?

8
More Room for Correction
  • Consequentialismthe good act produces the
    greatest good for the greatest number (but what
    about protection of the individual?)
  • Deontologythe right thing to do is the one you
    do because it is your duty, not because of any
    consequence it produces (what about what you do
    out of love?)
  • Virtue theoryfrom the days of Aristotle, when
    the virtues were MANLY characteristics.
    (virile and virtue come from the same root!)
    public exemplars are more often men than women

9
Feminist Approaches in bioethics consider and
analyze
  • Experience
  • The locus of the moral act who is at the center
  • Power relations
  • Socialization into roles
  • Traditional views of moral development
  • Pathologization (is that a word?) Eg
  • Pregnancy, childbirth
  • Menopause
  • Mental illness

10
Experience
  • Considers how experience shapes the person
  • Views experience of the person (the patient) as
    central to the decision or the action
  • Stand (or lie) here for a while and youll see
    what Im talking about.
  • Difference (race, sex, gender, language) matters

11
The Locus of the Moral Act
  • Other approaches the person is an individual,
    individually responsible, discrete from others,
    autonomous (think of Kants autonomous actor or
    Mills rational calculator)
  • Feminist thought the person is constituted in a
    family, in society, in a culture, in a language.
    There is no such thing as an atomistic,
    autonomous individual free from the influences of
    culture and experience, severed from
    relationships with others. We are socially
    hardwired.
  • language
  • face recognition
  • mirror neurons
  • Locus of the moral act matters

12
Power Relations
  • Power is important rank impersonates power
  • Men are more powerful than women
  • Public is more powerful than private
  • Adults are more powerful than children
  • Doctors are more powerful than nurses
  • Almost everyone is more powerful than a sick
    person
  • Power relations matter
  • Physician-nurse relationships
  • Informed consent
  • Medical error

13
Socialization into gender roles
  • Boys do x girls do y
  • Men act x women act y
  • Gender stereotypes begin before birth and
    influence early
  • Kicking fetuses are boys
  • its a girl! and its a boy! evoke different
    responses
  • Boys in school are rewarded for the right answer
    girls are rewarded for neatness and diligence
  • Socialization matters

14
Traditional Views of Moral Development
  • Kohlberg
  • 6 stages (obedience, self interest, conformity,
    authority, social contract, universal ethical
    principles)
  • Look at locus
  • Look at pinnacle
  • Gilligan
  • Critique of Kohlberg
  • Studied girls games and boys games
  • Boys want a winner and a loser girls will choose
    games with no winner and loser or change games to
    preserve the relationship
  • Locus, pinnacle

15
Pathology or Not?
  • Pregnancy
  • dangerous time, two patients, obstetrics (a
    surgical specialty), risks

  • OR
  • One of several normal states for a woman one
    patient with a special status, including a new
    developing person not a disability
  • Menopause
  • Medically characterized as loss
  • Contrast sperm with eggs (sperm are abundant!
    eggs are wasted)
  • Mental Illness
  • hysteria
  • Non-conformance to social roles

16
Catholic Moral Teaching--which is it?
  • Consequences--maximize the good
  • Deontologyby the nature of the act, certain
    things are always wrong
  • Virtue--learning, habituation, wisdom
  • Casuistryevaluate each case
  • Feminist approaches
  • Constitution of the human person in community
  • Consideration of vulnerability powerlessness
  • Moral development
  • Universal and relational
  • Individual flourishing and the common good
About PowerShow.com