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Medieval and Renaissance Art and Architecture

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Title: Medieval and Renaissance Art and Architecture


1
Medieval and Renaissance Art and Architecture

2
This first section of art also known as
  • The Middle Ages

3
Medieval Architecture
Romanesque Cathedral in Trier, Germany
4
Romanesque Architecture
  • Roman-like in that it
  • 1.) concrete is used to build thick,
  • heavy walls
  • 2.) arches

5
Speyer Cathedral, Germany
6
Romanesque Cathedral Layout
  • www.owlnet.rice.edu/hart205/ Cathedrals/Plan/plan
    .html
  • www.humanities.mcmaster.ca/ ajmcq/
  • www.croatia.net/html/ romanesque.html
  • www.sitesatlas.com/Places/ spaPicosDeEuropa.htm

7

Interior of St. Sernin in Toulouse, France,
11th-12th century

8
Gothic Cathedrals

Chartres Cathedral, France, 12th century
9
Gothic Architecture
  • Pointed arches
  • Stained Glass windows
  • Taller thinner walls supported by flying
    buttresses
  • Ribbed vaults

10
Chartres Cathedral
11
Layout of Chartres

12
  • Interior of
  • Chartres
  • Cathedral

13
Ceiling of Chartres ribbed vaults

14
Portal (doorway) of Chartres

15
Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris

Flying buttresses support the walls
16

Gargoyle (water spouts) from Notre Dame
17
  • Notes
  • What are characteristics of
  • art from the Middle Ages?

18
  • Front façade
  • of the
  • Notre Dame

Building of churches is a characteristic of the
Middle Ages
19
Stained Glass Windows, Notre Dame religious
events in pictures

Another characteristic of this art
period Stained-glass windows
20
Medieval Paintings holy figures have a halo

Another characteristic of this Art
period Religious themes
The Crusades
21

Illuminated (illustrated) manuscripts decorated
picture books created to help illiterate
people

A characteristic Of this art period Illuminated
manuscripts
22

Problem Size of people is not consistent
important people are always the biggest, usually
in the center
23
Illuminated Manuscripts

Crucifixion from the Book of Hours, France,
1475-1480
24
Characteristics of Medieval Painting
  • Figures are flat (cartoon-like)
  • Size of person shows importance
  • Religious in subject (never naked!!)
  • No use of perspective
  • Golds and reds used frequently

25
Medieval Sculpture Madonna and Child

26

Human anatomy - not exactly spot on!

27
How did art reflect Medieval society and its
beliefs?
  • Shows the importance of religion and the Catholic
    Church

28
This next section of art style is known as
  • The Renaissance

29
Renaissance Architecture

St. Peters Basilica, Rome Designed by
Michelangelo
30
Dome Cathedral by Brunelleschi
31
Characteristics of Renaissance Art
  • Use of perspective
  • Nature in background
  • Some nudity
  • Humans are more life-like
  • Movement

32
Renaissance Paintings
Botticellis Birth of Venus, 1485
33
Leonardo da Vinci
  • Scientist
  • Mathematician
  • Engineer
  • Inventor (helicopter, tank)
  • Anatomist
  • Painter
  • Sculptor
  • Architect
  • Musician
  • Writer

A true Renaissance Man
34
Leonardo da Vincis Last Supper, 1498
Paint not holding up (flaking off) painted
directly on the wall
35
  • Leonardo
  • da Vincis
  • Mona Lisa,
  • 1503-1506

Whats the big deal???? Her smile first painting
done on canvas to be framed
36
Michelangelo Buanarotti
  • Poet
  • Sculptor
  • Artist
  • Architect

37

Interior of the Sistene Chapel

Book of Genesis on Ceiling
38
The Ceiling of the Sistene Chapel, 1508-1512
39
Creation of Adam, from the Sistene Chapel
40
Raphaels School of Athens, 1503-1513

41
School of Athens
  • Tribute to Renaissance artists
  • Socrates is Da Vinci
  • Plato is Michelangelo

42
Portraits rich folks could afford to be
patrons supported the arts
43
Renaissance Sculpture
  • Donatellos
  • David, 1440s
  • Subject no longer has to
  • be biblical resumes Greek
  • and Roman design
  • freestanding nude
  • attention to anatomy

44

Michelangelos The Pieta, 1500

45
  • Michelangelos
  • David, 1504
  • Sculpted from
  • marble

Statue is 8 feet tall
46
How did Renaissance art reflect society and its
beliefs?
  • Religion less important in society
  • more attention to math, science, and reason
  • realism was more important than the subject
  • Humanism, the focus on human values and concerns,
    spreads throughout Europe
  • Italy wanted to regain the glory that it had
    during the Roman Empire
  • (Greco-Roman ideas were revived)

47
More characteristics of Renaissance art
  • Wealthy patrons supported the arts (example- the
    Medici family)
  • Humanism spread all through Europe
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