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Animal Habitats

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Animal Habitats Houghton Mifflin Theme Four Mr. Mills Grade Three The Ways of Living Things There is wonder past all wonder In the ways of living things, In a worm ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Habitats


1
Animal Habitats
  • Houghton Mifflin Theme Four
  • Mr. Mills
  • Grade Three

2
The Ways of Living Things
From the poem by Jack Prelutsky
  • There is wonder past all wonder
  • In the ways of living things,
  • In a worms intrepid wriggling,
  • In the song a blackbird sings,
  • In a fishs joyful splashing,
  • In a snake that makes no sound
  • In the smallest salamander
  • There is wonder to be found.

3
What is a habitat?
incredible
http//www.bartleby.com/61/33/F0033300.html
4
Introductory letter from Bruce McMillan
  • What is the difference between the habitat of a
    humpback whale and that of a flamingo?

5
Introductory letter from Bruce McMillan
  • What kind of habitats are near your home?
  • What kind of animals do you think live there?

6
Comprehension Skill
  • In non-fiction writing there are often two types
    of details.
  • A fact is something that can be proved, often by
    checking a reference source such as an
    encyclopedia.
  • An opinion is something that someone thinks,
    feels, and believes. Opinions cannot be proved as
    true or false.

7
Fact Versus Opinion
  • What is the difference between fact and opinion?
  • How can we tell the difference?
  • What are some facts opinions you could make
    about school?

Facts about School
Opinions about School
8
Online Tutorial and Practice
  • http//www.studyzone.org/testprep/ela4/a/factopini
    onl.cfm

9
Fact and Opinion
  • How well do you know High School Musical?

Link to Activity
10
Review and Practice
  • http//pbskids.org/arthur/games/factsopinions/fact
    sopinions.html

11
Puffins, Clowns of the Sea
Teacher Read Aloud
  • By Ruth J. Luhrs

12
Our Skill Focus is Fact and Opinion
  • Read the following sentence.
  • Underline the facts in blue.
  • Underline the opinions in red.
  • Their faces are chalk white and their eye
    markings make them look sad.

13
Think about the Read Aloud
  • Is it a fact or opinion that puffins like crazy
    bumblebees?
  • How do you know?
  • Is it a fact or opinion that puffins grow new
    feathers every year?
  • How do you know?

14
Skill Fact or Opinion
  • What is the difference between fact and opinion?
  • Can you give me examples of facts and opinions?
  • What we will see more of, facts or opinions, in
    this story?
  • Explain your reasoning.

15
Nights of Pufflings
Written photographed by Bruce McMillan
16
Vocabulary in Context
  • Many ocean birds come ashore to nest along the
    coast.

What do you think this word means? Do we know
any synonyms?
What part of speech is this word? Can we write
a sentence using the word?
17
Vocabulary in Context
  • Surrounding Iceland are many smaller uninhabited
    islands.

What do you think this word means? Do we know
any synonyms?
What part of speech is this word? Can we write
a sentence using the word?
18
Vocabulary in Context
  • The birds lay their eggs in burrows they have dug
    among the cliffs.

What do you think this word means? Do we know
any synonyms?
What part of speech is this word? Can we write
a sentence using the word?
19
Vocabulary in Context
  • Although the girl is trying to help the baby
    bird, it instinctively nips at her fingers.

What do you think this word means? Do we know
any synonyms?
What part of speech is this word? Can we
write a sentence using the word?
20
Vocabulary in Context
  • The birds lay their eggs in burrows they have dug
    among the cliffs.

What do you think this word means? Do we know
any synonyms?
What part of speech is this word? Can we write
a sentence using the word?
21
Vocabulary
  • ashore
  • burrows
  • instinctively
  • launching
  • stranded
  • uninhabited
  • venture

Coming on to the shore from the water
Holes or tunnels dug in the ground by animals
Doing something without thinking about it
Throwing, sending something forcibly upward
Left in a helpless or difficult position
Having no people living there
To set out to do something possibly dangerous
22
Applying the Vocabulary
ashore burrows launching stranded venture
23
Synonyms and Antonyms
Remember that a synonym is a word that means the
same, while an antonym is word that means the
opposite.
24
Independent Vocabulary Practice
Read the Building Background vocabulary article,
Exploring Iceland, on page 308 and 309.
http//video.nationalgeographic.com/video/player/a
nimals/birds-animals/seabirds/puffin_atlantic_life
cycle.html http//kids.nationalgeographic.com/Anim
als/CreatureFeature/Atlanticpuffin
  • Complete the vocabulary chart on page 3 of your
    practice book.

25
(No Transcript)
26
Acrostic Learning
PUFFIN
27
Science Link Big Apple Birding
  • Using SQRR
  • Survey
  • Look at title, headings, captions, and pictures.
  • Questions
  • Ask yourself questions about what you notice.
  • Read
  • Look for the answers to your questions as you
    read.
  • Review
  • See if you can answer those questions you came up
    with

28
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • Why do you think Halla searches the sky for
    puffins?

29
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • What does the fact that puffins spend most of
    their life at sea tell you about them?

30
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • Why do you think puffins come ashore on
    inhabited islands as well as uninhabited ones?

31
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • Why dont Halla and her friends look inside the
    burrows for the pufflings?

32
Reading Comprehension
Authors Viewpoint
  • Why do you think the author explains how the
    parents puffins feed their chicks?

33
Reading Comprehension
Authors Viewpoint
  • What is the authors purpose in writing this
    story?

34
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • Why dont Halla and her friends look inside the
    burrows for the pufflings?

35
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • Why dont Halla and her friends look inside the
    burrows for the pufflings?

36
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • Why do Halla and her friends need to find the
    pufflings before the cats and dogs do?

37
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • How has living around people added to the
    dangers that pufflings face?

38
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • How do you think the village children feel about
    rescuing baby puffins?

39
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • How do you think the parents feel about their
    children being up late and staying out all night?

40
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • How do you think Halla feels when the nights of
    the pufflings are over?

41
Reading Comprehension
Predicting Outcomes
  • Who do you think will rescue the pufflings when
    Halla and her friends grow up?

42
Reading Comprehension
Making Judgments
  • Do you think that helping the pufflings is a
    good idea?

43
Nights of the Pufflings
44
Big Apple Birding
Science Link
  • How to Use the SQRR Plan
  • Survey Look at the titles, headings, and
    pictures
  • Question Ask yourself about what you have seen
  • Read Listen for answers to your questions
  • Review Think about your questions observations
  • By Radha Permaul

45
SQRR
Title Headings Pictures and Captions
Questions 1. 2. 3.
Review Answers 1. 2. 3.
46
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • Why will some of the birds in Central Park later
    fly as much as a thousand miles to Canada?

47
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • Why do you think the students dont believe at
    the beginning of the field trip that there could
    be so many different kinds of birds in their city?

48
Reading Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
  • Mr. Morris refers to his field guide as his
    detective book.
  • How is bird watching like being a detective?

49
Reading Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
  • How are the children in this article similar to
    the kids in Nights of the Pufflings?
  • How are they different?

50
Comprehension SkillCompare and Contrast
  • In reading we are often asked to compare or
    contrast details.
  • A comparison is when you show how things are
    alike or similar.
  • Contrasting is when you show how things are
    different.

51
Why Compare Contrast?
http//www.readwritethink.org/materials/compcontra
st/
52
Practicing Our SkillCompare and Contrast
  • http//www.studyzone.org/testprep/ela4/m/compareco
    ntrastl.cfm

53
In the Rain
Teacher Read Aloud 2
  • By Lyle Prescott

54
Reading Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
  • What do people, birds, foxes, and butterflies
    all try to do in the rain?
  • How is what they do different?

55
Reading Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
  • How is what some ants do in heavy rains
    different from what other animals do?

56
Reading Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
  • What is similar about what bluegill fish and
    some fishermen do when it rains?
  • What is different?

57
Seal Surfer
Michael Foreman
58
What do you know about seals?
Do we know anything about seal habitats?
59
Building Background
60
Words We Will See
What do you think each word means?
  • basked
  • buffeted
  • horizon
  • quay
  • surf
  • swell
  • swooped

61
Vocabulary in Context
  • After basking in the sun I like to jump into the
    pool.

What do you think this word means? Do we know
any synonyms?
What part of speech is this word? Can we write
a sentence using the word?
62
Vocabulary in Context
  • The strong winds buffeted the trees causing
    leaves and branches to fly everywhere.

What do you think this word means? Do we know
any synonyms?
What part of speech is this word? Can we write
a sentence using the word?
63
Vocabulary in Context
  • There are lots of boats docked along the quay.

What do you think this word means? Do we know
any synonyms?
What part of speech is this word? Can we write
a sentence using the word?
64
Vocabulary
  • basked
  • buffeted
  • horizon
  • quay
  • surf
  • swell
  • swooped

rested in pleasant warmth
struck powerfully, blown about
the line where the sky seems to meet the sea or
Earth
A dock where ships are loaded and unloaded
To ride on waves, often on a surfboard
A long wave that moves without breaking
Moved with a sudden, sweeping motion
65
Applying the Vocabulary
basked buffeted horizon quay surf
swell swooped
66
Using the Vocabulary
buffeted basked quay horizon
surf swell swooped
  • Each June, sunbathers _______________ in the
    warm sun.
  • Teenagers tried to ______ in the shallow water
    near the shore.
  • Rubber floats bobbed up and down over each ocean
    _______..
  • Seagulls flew overhead or _____________ down to
    the beach.
  • Small boats loaded with fishnets were tied to the
    ___________.
  • Soon the sun set below the ______________.
  • How different the scene looked in winter, when
    strong winds and huge waves _______________ the
    empty beach.

67
Vocabulary Part of Speech Sort
Noun
Verb
Adjective
buffeted basked quay horizon
surf swell swooped
68
Independent Vocabulary Practice
Read the Building Background vocabulary article
on pages 44 and 45.
  • Complete the vocabulary chart on page 23 of your
    practice book.

69
Seal Surfer Story Structure
Solution
Setting
Characters
Problem
Authors Message
70
Ben
71
Applying Our Skill Compare Contrast
  • Use the Venn Diagram to compare and contrast Ben
    and the seal.

Ben
The seal
http//www.readwritethink.org/materials/compcontra
st/map/
72
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • Why is the seashore setting so important to this
    story?

73
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • Why do you think its difficult for Ben to see
    the seal at the beginning of the story?

74
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • How do you think Ben feels about the sight of
    the mother seal and her pup?
  • Why do you think so?

75
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • Why does the mother seal push her pups off the
    rocks on page 50?

76
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • Why do you think Ben goes down to the harbor to
    meet his granddad?

77
Reading Comprehension
Authors Viewpoint
  • What mood does the author create when describing
    the people and the seal sharing the music on page
    52?

78
Reading Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
  • How are the lessons that Ben and the young seal
    learn alike?
  • How are they different?

79
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • How is a storm at sea a threat to seals?

80
Reading Comprehension
Making Judgments
  • How would you describe the relationship between
    Ben and his grandad?

81
Reading Comprehension
Authors Viewpoint
  • What lessons about nature do you think the
    author is trying to offer?

82
Reading Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
  • How are Ben and the seal alike as surfers?
  • How are they different?

83
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • Why is Ben in danger when he falls from his
    surfboard?
  • How does the illustration on page 59 show this?

84
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • When Ben returns to the shore the next spring,
    why do you think he is without his grandfather?

85
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • How does Ben feel about seeing his seal friend
    and her pup return in the summer?
  • How do you know?

86
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • How does the return of the seal affect Bens
    outlook on the future?

87
Reading Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
  • Compare and contrast the illustrations on pages
    5253 with the pictures on 6263.

88
I Work in the Ocean A Profile of an Underwater
Photographer
Career Link
  • By Kristin Ingram
  • How to Read a Magazine Article
  • Preview Read the titles, headings, and pictures
  • Identify Find the main idea of each paragraph
  • Reread If you are confused, reread the section
  • Look Pay attention to the information in the
    photos and captions.

89
Preview
Main Ideas
Title Headings Pictures and Captions
90
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • What kinds of projects does Norbert Wu enjoy
    most?

91
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • Do you think Norbert is a good swimmer?
  • Support your conclusion with reasoning.

92
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • What did Norbert do to get a photo of the blenny?

93
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • What effects have pollution and over-fishing had
    on the oceans?

94
Reading Comprehension
Making Judgments
  • Explain which photograph from the article is
    your favorite.

95
Comprehension SkillMaking Judgments
  • We often make judgments, deciding what we think
    is fair or right. Usually a judgment is when we
    form an opinion.
  • A good judgment is one that involves
  • Considering all of the facts
  • Looking at the different sides or opinions on the
    issue
  • Considering your own personal experiences and
    beliefs

96
What is a judgment?
97
Practicing Our Skill Making Judgments
  • http//pbskids.org/arthur/games/yougottobekidding/
    index.html

98
Should You Help Baby Animals?
Teacher Read Aloud
  • Borrowed from Ranger Rick

You need a piece of scrap paper and a pencil
during this read aloud.
Borrowed from Ranger Rick
99
Think about the Read Aloud
  • What are the three choices for dealing with the
    baby bird in question one?

Choice One
Reason One
Choice Two
Reason Two
Choice Three
Reason Three
100
Should You Help Baby Animals?
101
Two Days in May
Harriet Peck Taylor
102
Vocabulary in Context
  • The size of the deer population in
    Yellowstone National Park stays about the same
    from year to year.

What might the vocabulary word mean? Can you
think of any synonyms (words that mean the same)?
103
Vocabulary in Context
  • The deer wander freely through the woods and
    fields of the park.

What might the vocabulary word mean? Can you
think of any synonyms (words that mean the same)?
104
Vocabulary in Context
  • Each group of deer moves around within its
    own territory.

What might the vocabulary word mean? Can you
think of any synonyms (words that mean the same)?
105
Vocabulary in Context
  • The deer spend their days grazing on the many
    kinds of grasses and shrubs that grow in the park.

What might the vocabulary word mean? Can you
think of any synonyms (words that mean the same)?
106
Vocabulary in Context
  • Even in winter there is enough food and the
    deer do not starve.

What might the vocabulary word mean? Can you
think of any synonyms (words that mean the same)?
107
Vocabulary in Context
  • The deer would be in danger if they enter the
    ranches and farms surrounding the park.

What might the vocabulary word mean? Can you
think of any synonyms (words that mean the same)?
108
Vocabulary in Context
  • Hikers and campers in Yellowstone National
    Park appreciate the chance to see deer in the
    wild.

What might the vocabulary word mean? Can you
think of any synonyms (words that mean the same)?
109
Vocabulary
  • appreciate
  • grazing
  • population
  • starve
  • surrounding
  • territory
  • wander

To enjoy and understand
Eating growing plants
The number of people or animals living in a place
To suffer or die from not having enough food
On all sides of
An area of land
To move from place to place without having a plan
110
Applying the Vocabulary
grazing population starve
surrounding territory wander appreciate
111
Vocabulary Sort
  • Noun, verb, adjective, or adverb?

112
Using the Vocabulary
grazing population starve
surrounding territory wander appreciate
  • The size of the deer ______________ in the park
    has grown.
  • The deer _____________ freely through the woods.
  • Each group of deer moves around within its own
    ___________.
  • The deer spend their days ________________ on
    grass.
  • In winter there is still food, so deer do not
    ____________.
  • The deer rarely enter the ranches _____________
    the park.
  • Hikers and campers in Yellowstone, ___________
    the chance to see deer in their wild habitat.

113
Independent Vocabulary Practice
Read the Building Background vocabulary article
on pages 70 and 71.
  • Complete the vocabulary chart on page 38 of your
    practice book.

114
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • Why would people have gathered to look at the
    deer in the garden?

115
Reading Comprehension
Making Judgments
  • Is the deers appearance in the garden
    believable?
  • Why or why not?

116
Reading Comprehension
Authors Viewpoint
  • What did the author mean when she wrote that the
    deer had nervous tails?

117
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • What did Norbert do to get a photo of the blenny?

118
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • How does the author show you that this meeting
    of neighbors is unusual for the building?

119
Reading Comprehension
Making Judgments
  • Does the character Mr. Smiley have a good reason
    to be angry at the Pigeon Lady?

120
Reading Comprehension
Authors Viewpoint
  • What does the narrator mean when she uses the
    metaphor, I was all ears?

121
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • How did Papa feel about the animal control
    officers suggestion on how to solve the deer
    problem?

122
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • The neighbors formed a human chain around the
    deer.
  • How and why does a human chain offer protection?

123
Reading Comprehension
Drawing Conclusions
  • Why do the neighbors call their actions a
    peaceful protest?

124
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • When Mr. Benny called the wildlife rescuer he
    stated that it was an emergency.
  • Why didnt the rescuer come right away?

125
Reading Comprehension
Authors Viewpoint
  • Why does the author have the wildlife rescuer
    unable to help immediately?

126
Reading Comprehension
Making Judgments
  • What are the pros and cons of the neighbors plan
    to save the deer?

127
Reading Comprehension
Making Judgments
  • Is the animal control officers decision to wait
    until the people go home before shooting the deer
    a good solution?

128
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • If you were one of the deer, how might you be
    feeling?
  • Is this question asking you to use
    personification?

129
Reading Comprehension
Authors Viewpoint
  • What lesson is the author teaching us when she
    has the character Ana Sanchez offer pizza to the
    animal control officer?

130
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • What do we learn about Steve Scully on page 90?

131
Reading Comprehension
Predicting Outcomes
  • Based on the peoples reations at the end of the
    story, what do you think the neighborhood will be
    like from now own?
  • Why is there a change in the neighbors
    relationships?

132
Reading Comprehension
Making Judgments
  • Do you think that Sonia and her neighbors did
    the right thing in keeping the animal control
    officer from doing his job?

133
Reading Comprehension
Predicting Outcomes
  • What do you think the relationship between Mr.
    Smiley and the Pigeon Lady will be like from now?

134
Poetry Link
  1. Practice reading the poem in a clear voice
  2. Change the sound of your voice to help express
    the ideas of the poem.
  3. Pause a little at the end of each line. Pause
    longer at punctuation marks or new stanzas.
  4. Look up at your listeners whenever you can.

135
Poetry Vocabulary
  • beats
  • lines
  • pattern
  • rhyme
  • rhythm
  • stanzas

Sounds that are the basic units of rhythm, used
in poetry and music
Rows of words (like the sentences of poetry)
A repeated series of features or words
To agree or correspond in sound
A series of sounds that repeat in regular order
Groups of lines that make up the parts of poems
(like paragraphs of poetry)
136
January Deer
  • I am a January deer,
  • so swift and light
  • the hard-packed snow does not even
  • crunch
  • beneath my hooves.
  • While others around me
  • sleep in silent caves
  • I run
  • Through the white world
  • with wide open eyes
  • Marilyn Singer

137
Seal
A flick of the wrist! Quicksilver-quick, Softer
than spray, Down he plunges And sweeps
away Before you can think, Before you can
utter Words like dill pickle Or apple
butter Back up he swims Past sting-ray and
shark, Out with a zoom, a whoop and a
bark Before you can say, Whatever you wish He
plops at your side, With a mouthful of
fish! William Jay Smith
  • See how he dives
  • From the rocks with a zoom!
  • See how he darts
  • Through his watery room
  • Past crabs and eels
  • And green seaweed,
  • Past fluffs of sandy
  • Minnow feed!
  • See how he swims
  • With a swerve and a twist,
  • A flip of the flipper

138
Puffin Stuff
  • See the little puffin,
  • Living by the sea,
  • Diving through the billows,
  • Catching fish for tea
  • Dozing in the sunshine,
  • Nesting in the rocks,
  • Feather black tuxedo,
  • Little orange socks
  • Joan Peronto

139
The Puffin
  • Upon this cake of ice is perched
  • The paddle-footed Puffin
  • To find his double we have searched,
  • But have discovered- Nuffin!
  • Robert William Wood

140
Under the Trees
  • We scuffed through the woods
  • And didnt see anything,
  • Anything big or small
  • Didnt see a swallow
  • Or a cottontail to follow
  • Or a scamper or a whisk at all.
  • We sat in the woods
  • As quiet as anything,
  • Quiet and tucked away,
  • And out came a rabbit,
  • In his hoppy sort of habit,
  • And a chipmunk
  • And a robin
  • And a jay Aileen Fisher

141
Reading Comprehension
Making Judgments
  • Which puffin poem gives you a better
    understanding of the bird?
  • Which is funnier?

142
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • Which poem has the strongest sense of rhyme and
    rhythm?

143
Reading Comprehension
Making Inferences
  • Why do you think the people in Under the Trees
    finally see the animals they are looking for?

144
Reading Comprehension
Noting Details
  • What are some vivid adjectives you might use to
    describe a puffin?

145
Reading Comprehension
Compare and Contrast
  • The January Deer is swift and light and runs
    through the world with wide-open eyes.
  • How does this compare with the description of the
    deer from Two Days in May on page 74?

146
Lets Write Our Own Animal Poem
  • Name of Animal ___________________

Verbs
Adjectives
Adverbs



147
Poem Title
  • _________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ______________

148
Your Turn!
Use the poetry form that we have practiced in
class to create an animal poem of your
own. Remember to keep in mind rhyme and rhythm
as well as word choices that create mental
pictures.
149
Paired Stories
  • We will read two stories to prepare for our
    theme four tests. We will review and practice the
    following reading skills
  • Fact versus Opinion
  • Comparing and Contrasting
  • Making Judgments

150
Alejandros Gift
Predictions
What predictions can you make about the
selections we will be reading?
151
Activating Prior Knowledge
  • What do we already know about the desert?

152
Lets evaluate our understanding of the
vocabulary We know use We can understand
We dont have a clue
  • companion
  • refresh
  • cherished
  • furrows
  • dwellers
  • drudgery
  • shunned

153
Vocabulary in Context
  • My mother was a wildlife photographer. She
    cherished the time she spent photographing the
    lions.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
154
Vocabulary in Context
  • Lions are dwellers of the wide open plains. They
    live on the dry African grasslands along with
    many other animals.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
155
Vocabulary in Context
  • All animals need water. A watering hole is a
    great place to take photographs of. Animals come
    from miles around to refresh themselves.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
156
Vocabulary in Context
  • My mother could always tell when a lion was
    around. If one was, the other animals shunned the
    watering hole.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
157
Vocabulary in Context
  • It is not safe to travel among wild animals
    alone, my mother always traveled with at least
    one companion.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
158
Vocabulary in Context
  • Carrying heavy cameras through sand and thorny
    brush can be drudgery, but my mom said the
    wonderful photographs of animals in their natural
    habitat was well worth it.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
159
Helping Others Vocabulary
  • companion
  • refresh
  • cherished
  • furrows
  • dwellers
  • drudgery
  • shunned

friend
To make like new again
Well loved
Long, narrow grooves or cuts in the ground
People or animals who live in a place
Hard, boring, or unpleasant work
Avoided on purpose
160
Applying the Vocabulary
  • companion refresh cherished furrows
    dwellers drudgery shunned

161
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Authors Writing Skill
  • What are some words the author uses to show how
    Alejandro feels about living in the desert?

162
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Making Inferences
  • Why might Alejandro actually feel lonelier after
    someone has visited him?

163
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Compare Contrast
  • How is the setting in this story different from
    the setting in Nights of the Pufflings?
  • How are the two settings alike?

164
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Drawing Conclusions
  • How does the squirrel act when it first visits
    the garden? Why does it act this way?

165
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Making Inferences
  • Why do you think seeing the squirrel makes
    Alejandro forget his loneliness?

166
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Making Judgments
  • Should the animals drink the water Alejandro is
    using to water his garden?
  • Support your answer with reasoning.

167
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Making Judgments
  • Should wild animals eat food from peoples
    gardens, as they do in Two Days in May?
  • Support your opinion.

168
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Drawing Conclusions
  • Alejandro starts to think that there is something
    more important than making himself less lonely.
    What do you think this is?

169
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Making Generalizations
  • What generalization can you make about all
    animals and water?

170
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Fact and Opinion
  • Which of these statements if a fact and which is
    an opinion?
  • There was something more important than just
    making himself less lonely.
  • Finding enough water was not a problem.

171
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Fact and Opinion
  • What opinion about helping wild animals do the
    authors of these two stories seem to share?

172
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Noting Details
  • Why does Alejandro think he must have done
    something wrong?

173
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Compare and Contrast
  • What problem do the animals in this story have?
  • How does Alejandro try to help?

174
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Noting Details
  • What signs tell Alejandro that the animals are
    using this new water hole?

175
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Drawing Conclusions
  • Are the desert animals Alejandros pets now? Why
    or why not?
  • How do the animals make Alejandro feel less
    lonely?

176
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Making Judgments
  • What are some good ways to treat wild animals?
  • What are some bad ways to treat them?

Good Ways
Bad Ways
177
Think and Compare
  • Why did the author name this story Alejandros
    Gift?
  • Did the gift turn out to be what you expected
    it would be, or something different?
  • How is the way Alejandro helps the desert animals
    different from the way Halla helps the pufflings
    in her story?
  • The desert animals help Alejandro feel less
    lonely. What are some other ways animals help
    people in stories from this theme?

178
The Living Desert
By Suzanne Wilson
179
Lets evaluate our understanding of the
vocabulary We know use We can understand
We dont have a clue
  • saguaro
  • environment
  • moisture
  • tenants
  • behavior
  • cope

180
Vocabulary in Context
  • My family lives in the desert. The environment
    here is hot and dry.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
181
Vocabulary in Context
  • Some desert animals hide in the shade or come
    out only at night. This behavior helps them stay
    cool.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
182
Vocabulary in Context
  • People find ways to stay cool in the desert,
    too. The tenants who live in our apartment
    building got together and planted a garden.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
183
Vocabulary in Context
  • We decided to grow saguaro and other cactuses in
    the garden.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
184
Vocabulary in Context
  • The saguaros thick skin holds in moisture.

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
185
Vocabulary in Context
  • Saving water like this helps the cactus cope
    with the hot, dry place it lives in. Our garden
    almost never needs watering, so taking care of it
    is easy!

What does the vocabulary word mean? What are
some synonyms for this word?
186
Desert Vocabulary
  • saguaro
  • environment
  • moisture
  • tenants
  • behavior
  • cope

A kind of tall cactus
The place where people, animals, or plants live
wetness
People or animals who live in a place
The way a person or animal acts
Deal with
187
Applying the Vocabulary
Practice Book Page 56
saguaro environment moisture tenants
behavior cope
188
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Compare and Contrast
  • How is a saguaro cactus like an apartment
    building?
  • How is it like a restaurant?

189
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Authors Craft
  • How does comparing a saguaro to an apartment
    building and a restaurant help people understand
    the saguaros importance?

190
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Compare and Contrast
  • How is the deserts animals habitat similar to
    and different from the seals habitat in Seal
    Surfer?

191
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Drawing Conclusions
  • What does the author mean by air conditioning
    on page 116?
  • Why does the author compare the animals ears to
    air conditioning?
  • How does this comparison help the reader?

192
Reading Skill Comprehension
  • Making Judgments
  • Do you agree that the desert is full of
    wonders?
  • Why or why not?

193
Comparing Two Stories
The Living Desert
Alejandro's Gift
1. 2. 3. 4.
194
Think and Compare
  • Compare the way Alejandro helps the animals in
    the desert with the way the animals help
    themselves in The Living Desert.
  • Both Alejandro and Ben want to be friends with
    the animals they meet. Are their reasons similar
    or different?
  • Do you think people should be responsible for
    helping animals? Explain your reasoning, using
    examples from the books we have read or from your
    life.
  • How do these stories show how animals depend on
    their habitats?

195
Language Arts Skills Review
  • Information Study Skills
  • Syllabication
  • Word Endings (Suffixes)
  • Vocabulary
  • Writing Skills

196
Language Arts Skills
  • Information and Study Skills
  • What should you keep in mind when you do research
    on the internet?

197
Language Arts Skills
  • Information and Study Skills
  • Once you find an internet search engine to use,
    what should you do?

198
Language Arts Skills
  • Information and Study Skills
  • What is the best topic to search under to find
    out what puffins eat?

199
Language Arts Skills
  • Information and Study Skills
  • In searching the internet for puffin birds, which
    related topic are you like to come across?

200
Language Arts Skills
  • Information and Study Skills
  • How is an electronic encyclopedia different from
    the Internet?
  • Example http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puffin

201
Language Arts Skills
  • Syllabication
  • How would you separate the syllables in the word
    justice?
  • _______________________________________

202
Language Arts Skills
  • Syllabication
  • How would you separate the syllables in the word
    running?
  • _______________________________________

203
Language Arts Skills
  • Syllabication
  • How would you separate the syllables in the word
    encyclopedia?
  • _______________________________________

204
Language Arts Skills
  • Syllabication
  • How would you separate the syllables in the word
    seeking?
  • _______________________________________

205
Language Arts Skills
  • Word Endings
  • Write the base word and ending for the word
  • _______________________________________

reading
206
Language Arts Skills
  • Word Endings
  • Write the base word and ending for the word
  • _______________________________________

asked
207
Language Arts Skills
  • Word Endings
  • Write the base word and ending for the word
  • _______________________________________

scurried
208
Language Arts Skills
  • Word Endings
  • Write the base word and ending for the word
  • _______________________________________

studies
209
Language Arts Skills
  • Word Endings
  • Write the base word and ending for the word
  • _______________________________________

swimming
210
Language Arts Skills
  • Word Endings
  • What does the underlined word mean in the
    sentence below
  • _______________________________________

When the bell rang, the students walked hurriedly
away.
211
Language Arts Skills
  • Word Endings
  • What is the meaning of the word
  • _______________________________________

careful
212
Language Arts Skills
  • Word Endings
  • What is the meaning of the word
  • _______________________________________

reorganize
213
Language Arts Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Which part of speech is run in this sentence?
  • The dog ran by us so quickly.
  • _______________________________________

214
Language Arts Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Which part of speech is run in this sentence?
  • We were tired after our long run.
  • _______________________________________

215
Language Arts Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Which part of speech is run in this sentence?
  • She had at least three runs in her stocking.
  • _______________________________________

216
Language Arts Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Which part of speech is run in this sentence?
  • My brother hit his third home-run.
  • _______________________________________

217
Language Arts Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Which part of speech is run in this sentence?
  • I am so late I will have to run to class.
  • _______________________________________

218
Language Arts Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Which form of the word run fits best?
  • All of the __________ in gym makes me tired.

219
Language Arts Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Which form of the word run fits best?
  • In a grand slam, four _________ are gained.

220
Language Arts Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Which form of the word run fits best?
  • She is the fastest _________ in our class.

221
Language Arts Skills
  • Vocabulary
  • Which form of the word run fits best?
  • Sylvia ________ faster than her brother in
    yesterdays race.

222
Language Arts Skills
  • Writing Skills
  • What are the four types of sentences?
  • How can you tell the different types of sentences
    apart?

223
Language Arts Skills
  • Writing Skills
  • How can you change this sentence to a command?
  • Can you help me with my homework?

224
Language Arts Skills
  • Writing Skills
  • How can you change this sentence to a question?
  • I wonder if you can help me with my homework.

225
Language Arts Skills
  • Writing Skills
  • How can you change this sentence to an
    exclamation?
  • I dont think I quite understand this homework.

226
Language Arts Skills
  • Writing Skills
  • How can you change this question to a statement?
  • Do you need help with your homework?

227
Time for Our Theme 3 Tests!
Just remember to read the stories and every
question carefully. Look back in the story to
help you answer the questions. Use our reading
skills and strategies to do well. Take your time!
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