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TAOISM

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This is because in present day the three faiths co-exist in the temple. The mythical creatures on the eaves serve to protect the monastery from evil spirits. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TAOISM


1
TAOISM
2
GLOBAL VIEW OF CHINA
3
CONTINENT VIEW OF CHINA
4
COUNTRY VIEW OF CHINA
5
OK So then what is Taoism?
  • Taoism is both a philosophy and a religion. The
    beginnings of Taoism are generally accredited to
  • Lao-tzu, a sixth century philosopher,
  • believed to be from the Henan
  • Province.

6
Oh So then what do Taoists believe?
  • Here are three of the major Taoist concepts
  • TE means power. The power of a thing is its
    virtue, its identity, its integrity. So the te of
    a person is their authentic self, or genuineness.
    Te is expressed through humility and meekness.
  • WU-WEI is a concept involving relaxing the
    conscious mind. It seeks the denial of anything
    personal and the dissolution of the conscious,
    individual self. Wu-wei is best illustrated by
    water it is supple yet strong, it flows over and
    fills what it encounters. It means to simply
    follow the way of nature.
  • PU is a term which literally means unpainted
    wood. PU stresses the importance of simplicity
    and the need to leave things in their natural
    state.

7
Say What??
  • In plain English
  • Taoists advocate a simple honest life and
    noninterference with the course of natural events
  • Taoists dont like politics, administration, or
    elaborate rituals.
  • So then how would you have government?
  • Do not emphasize status, intelligence, or
    possessions.
  • Govern with least visibility and with a serving
    attitude.
  • Reduce laws and govern lightly.
  • Take few actions that involve the people.
  • Treat other countries non-aggressively.
  • Taoists believe that the purpose of life is to
    live according to the Tao.
  • That requires calmness, passiveness, and
    humility.

8
CREATION
  • Taoists believe that there is no one creator,
    that at the beginning, there was only chaos, or a
    void, called Wuji.

9
Then from the void (Wuji) the cosmos came into
being.
10
With the cosmos came the energies of yin and yang
which combined to create what is called the Taiji
Du
11
Qi emerged from the blending of yin and yang
The concept of the joining of yin and yang is
often compared to the big bang theory.
12
The concept of Qi may be more easily understood
through Filmmaker George Lucas idea of the
force in his film Star Wars. Qi is the very
stuff of life. It fills the universe permeating
everything, rocks, trees, water, clouds, animals,
and people. Qi is often compared to quantum
physics. It is like the atom, the building block
of life.
13
Wuxing, or the 5 qualities (elements) developed
from Qi.These 5 qualities make up all known
substances. They areFire, earth, metal, water
and wood.
14
Diagram
15
The gravity defying Hanging Monastery was built
on extremely sheer cliffs above Jinlong Canyon
1400 years ago.
16
Bridges and corridors connect those pavilions and
caves in which dozens of bronze, iron, stone and
clay statues are enshrined.
17
In the Three Religions Hall, Buddha, Confucius
and Lao-tzu are all enshrined together. This is
because in present day the three faiths co-exist
in the temple.
18
The mythical creatures on the eaves serve to
protect the monastery from evil spirits.
19
Why would someone build a monastery on a cliff?
  • The monastery was built at this location because
    it was convenient for passing pilgrims. It was an
    important passage leading to a shrine to the
    South and Datong City to the North. The problem
    is that the river which flowed past the foot of
    the cliff would flood whenever there was a storm.
    In those days it was believed that a golden
    dragon was the cause of the flooding, therefore
    they built the temple high up on the cliffs to
    keep away from the flooding, and ward off the
    influence of the dragon.

20
Hengshan Mountain
21
QINGYANG PALACE
22
The Qingyang Palace, also called The Grey Goat
Palace, is located in the suburbs of Chengdu. In
the Sichuan province of China.
23
Qingyang is one of the oldest and most extensive
Taoist temples in Chengdu area. Legend says that
Lao Tzu asked a friend to meet him there. When
the friend arrived he saw only a boy leading two
goats on a leash. He soon realized the boy was
Lao Tzu. That is the reason that in the compound,
stand two eye-catching bronze goats. Although
called a goat, one of them is actually a strange
creature with mouse ears, an ox nose, tiger paws,
rabbit back, snake tail, dragon horns, horse
mouth, goat beard, monkey neck, chicken eyes, dog
belly and pig thighs. It is said that this goat
has some supernatural powers and anyone who
touches it could survive from illness and
mischance.
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