American Imperialism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – American Imperialism PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4398a6-NDBjM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

American Imperialism

Description:

... Religious or Missionary Interests Ideas of Social Darwinism Closing of the American Frontier Global Competition Nationalism ... Philippine -American War First ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:1304
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 60
Provided by: BruceH90
Learn more at: http://www.woboe.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: American Imperialism


1
American Imperialism
  • How the United States Became a World Power

2
Imperialism
  • The policy in which stronger nations extend their
    economic, political, cultural and/or military
    control over weaker nations.

3
Territorial Expansion
  • 1867 Purchase of Alaska
  • 1867 Secured the rights to Midway Island
  • 1893 Overthrow Queen Liliuokalani in Hawaii
  • 1898 Spanish-American War
  • 1898 Annexation of Hawaii
  • 1899 Open Door Policy in China
  • 1904 Construction of the Panama Canal began
  • 1904 Issuance of the Roosevelt Corollary to the
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • 1910s Mexican Revolution

4
Why?
  • Commercial /Business Interests
  • Economic motives, Panic of 1893
  • Military or Strategic Interests
  • Religious or Missionary Interests
  • Ideas of Social Darwinism
  • Closing of the American Frontier
  • Global Competition
  • Nationalism
  • Belief in political and cultural superiority

5
Imperialism and the Balance of Power
6
(No Transcript)
7
(No Transcript)
8
US established the Western Hemisphere
off-limits with the Monroe Doctrine of 1923
9
(No Transcript)
10
(No Transcript)
11
Moral Duty
12
The White Man's Burden By Rudyard
Kipling McClure's Magazine 12 (Feb. 1899).
Take up the White Man's burden-- Send forth the
best ye breed-- Go, bind your sons to exile To
serve your captives' need
13
(No Transcript)
14
(No Transcript)
15
Hawaii
  • Descendants of New England Missionaries to Hawaii
    in the 1820s greatly influenced native monarchs
    and their policies.
  • Hawaii became a protectorate of the US in1849 by
    virtue of economic treaties
  • In 1893, a successful revolt led by a white
    minority (sugar plantation owners) with the help
    of 150 US Marines resulted in the removal of the
    native monarch, Queen Liliuokalani.
  • Cleveland refused to annex the island, but
    McKinley did not share his reluctance.
  • Hawaii, annexed in 1898 by joint resolution of
    Congress, was used as a naval deposit during the
    Spanish American War.

16
Queen Lydia Liliuokalani
Sanford Ballard Dole
17
(No Transcript)
18
(No Transcript)
19
Remember the Maine
20
Spanish American War
  • Newspaper wars
  • Jan - USS Maine was ordered to Havana harbor 15
    Feb - USS Maine mysteriously blew up in Havana
    harbor
  • 19-20 Apr - War was declared against Spain
  • "a splendid little war"
  • Of 274,000 men, 5,462 died (362 in battle) and
    1,604 were wounded

21
Yellow Journalism
Josef Pulitzer
(New York World )
William Randolph Hearst
(New York Journal )
22
Cartoon. Spanish Ape hunkers over grave of USS
Maine sailors. (1898).
23
  • THE HEADLINES
  • Cuban Babes Prey to Famine
  • Thousands of Children of the
  • Reconcentrados Perishing in Island
  • Towns
  • Sights that Sicken Strong Men
  • THE HEADLINES
  • Does Our Flag Shield Women?
  • Refined Young Women
  • Stripped and Searched by
  • Brutal Spaniars While Under
  • Our Flag on the Ollivette

24
(No Transcript)
25
Rough Riders
26
Results of the War
  • Cuba becomes a protectorate (US exercises
    political/economic influence)by Platt Amendment
  • Puerto Rico becomes a commonwealth (part of the
    U.Sbut with control over local
    elections/economy)
  • Guam is annexed and controlled by U.S.
  • The Philippines are ceded to the U.S. for
    20,000,000.00
  • The U.S. gains an empire

27
"THE FILIPINO'S FIRST BATH." "McKinley -- 'Oh,
you dirty boy!'" Judge, Arkell Publishing
Company, New York, June 10, 1899 artist Grant
Hamilton
28
(No Transcript)
29
Philippine-American War First War for Humanity
  • 1899-1901
  • Revolt led by Emilio Aguinaldo against US rule
  • 3 years
  • Casualties
  • Americans4,234 dead 2,800 wounded
  • Filipinos18,000 killed 20,000 famine
  • Cost--400 million

30
Post War Philippines
31
"SPEAKING FROM EXPERIENCE. (Through Professor
Marconi's wireless telegraphy)" "AMERICAN INDIAN
(to Filipino) -- 'Be Good, or you will be
dead!'" Judge, Arkell Publishing Company, New
York, circa 1899 artist Victor Gillam
32
Japan
  • Captain Alfred T. Mahan, cautioned that the
    Pacific could be entered and controlled only by
    a vigorous contest
  • Japan had effectively closed its doors to
    outsiders, and it restricted foreign ships to a
    small part of Nagasaki
  • Admiral Matthew Perry steamed into Japan and
    demanded a treaty
  • The Japanese reluctantly agreed to trade with the
    U.S.

33
Japan
Abe Masahiro, head of the Roju (governing
council) under Shogun Ieyoshi
Toda Izu, governor of Uraga
Alfred Thayer Mahan
34
(No Transcript)
35
(No Transcript)
36
Open Door Policy
  • China had a weak central government in 1900
  • Japan and several European nations had carved
    China into spheres of influence
  • Secretary of State John Hay sent diplomatic
    dispatches to these nations, asking that they
    guarantee two things
  • All nations given equal trading rights in
  • China
  • Chinese territorial integrity (the country
  • could not be carved up among the powerful
  • nations of the world)

John Hay
37
(No Transcript)
38
Boxer Rebellion
Chinese Reaction
  • Boxer Rebellion 1899-1900
  • Secret martial arts groupBoxers righteous
  • harmonious fists
  • This nativist group attacked foreigners, Chinese
  • Christians, and govt officials
  • A multinational military force of Great Britain,
    Russia, France, Japan and the US, put down the
  • Foreign nations forced China to pay 300 million
    for damages suffered
  • China forced to allow foreign soldiers to remain
  • Americans used most of payments to give
    scholarships to Chinese studying in America
  • China would not be recognized as a sovereign
    state until after World War II.

A "Boxer" in 1900
39
Cartoon. "The New Diplomacy." Theodore Roosevelt
bowls over Caribbean and Central American nations
with his Indian clubs. (c. 1903).
40
A history of U.S. intervention in Latin America
and the Caribbean
  • 1823 The Monroe Doctrine declares Latin America
    to be in the United States "sphere of influence."
  • 1846 The U.S. provokes war with Mexico and
    acquires half of its territory, including Texas
    and California.
  • 1855 U.S. adventurer William Walker invades
    Nicaragua with a private army, declares himself
    president, and rules for 2 years.
  • 1898 The U.S. declares war on Spain and as a
    result annexes Guam, Puerto Rico, the Philippines
    and Hawaii.

41
A history of U.S. intervention in Latin America
and the Caribbean
  • 1901 With the Platt Amendment, the U.S.
    declares its unilateral right to intervene in
    Cuban affairs.
  • 1903 The U.S. encourages Panama's independence
    from Colombia in order to acquire the Panama
    Canal rights.
  • 1905 The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe
    Doctrine declares the U.S. to be the policeman of
    the Caribbean the Dominican Republic is placed
    under a customs receivership.
  • 1912 U.S. Marines invade Nicaragua and occupy
    the country almost continuously until 1933.
  • 1914 Mexican refusal to salute the U.S. flag
    provokes the shelling of Veracruz by a U.S.
    battleship and the seizure of parts of the city
    by U.S. Marines.

42
(No Transcript)
43
Panama Canal
44
Cartoon. Theodore Roosevelt behind big cannon
stares down a small sombrero'd Columbia. (1903).
45
Mexican Revolution
  • The Mexican Revolution was brought by
    disagreement among the Mexican people over the
    dictatorship of President Porfirio Diaz
  • Francisco I. Madero believed that President Diaz
    should renounce his power and not seek
    re-election
  • Madero's call for an uprising on November 20th,
    1910, marked the beginning of the Mexican
    Revolution

46
Mexican Revolution
  • In March of 1911, Emiliano Zapata led the
    uprising of the peasants of Morelos to claim
    their rights over local land and water
  • Diaz then resigned as President and fled to exile
    in France, where he died in 1915
  • With the collapse of the Diaz regime, the Mexican
    Congress called for national popular elections,
    which resulted in the victory of Francisco I.
    Madero as President

47
Mexican Revolution
  • Victoriano Hueta seized control of Mexico and put
    Madero in prison where he was murdered
  • Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, Emiliano
    Zapata, and Alvaro Obregon fought against Hueta
  • The U.S. also got involved by occupying Veracruz
    and Huerta fled the country
  • Eventually Carranza would gain power in Mexico

48
Emiliano Zapata
Pancho Villa
Victoriano Huerta
Porfirio Diaz
Francisco I Madero
Venustiano Carranza
49
(No Transcript)
50
(No Transcript)
51
Anti-Imperialism
  • The American AntiImperialist League was founded
    in 1899
  • Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, and William James
    were among the leaders
  • Campaign against the annexation of the
    Philippines and other acts of imperialism

52
(No Transcript)
53
(No Transcript)
54
UNCLE SAM'S NEW CAUGHT ANTHROPOIDS, HOLDING HIS
END UP." "JOHN BULL -- 'It's really most
extraordinary what training will do. Why, only
the other day I thought that man unable to
support himself.'" Philadelphia Inquirer, also
published in The Literary Digest, Vol. XVII, No.
8, August 20, 1898, p. 215 artist unknown
55
Pro Imperialism
  • In addition to the physical advantages found in
    North America, Strong listed six features found
    in Anglo-Saxons which promoted the cause of
    supremacy
  • the love of civil liberty
  • the prevalence of spiritual Christianity
  • (3) a great money making power (England was the
    richest country
  • of Europe, Strong asserted, but the United
    States was even more wealthy than England.)
  • (4) a genius for colonizing
  • (5) a persistent energy among its people
  • (6) the elasticity of American social
    institutions (The opportunity
  • for vertical mobility in American society
    was stimulating.)

56
(No Transcript)
57
"FUTURE AMERICANS." "Member of Congress from the
Philippines Whatever became of that bill to
annex Mars to the United States? The other M.C.
Oh, we defeated that at the poles." Life, Life
Publishing Company, New York, February 2, 1899
artist Winsor McCay
58
"HURRAH FOR THE FOURTH OF JULY! WE'RE COMING IN
ON INDEPENDENCE DAY CELEBRATIONS TOO." Journal
(Minneapolis), also published in Cartoons of the
War of 1898 with Spain, From Leading Foreign and
American Papers, Chicago Belford, Middlebrook
and Company, 1898 artist "Bart" Charles
Bartholomew
59
Questions
  • How was this era different from previous eras in
    American history?
  • Is imperialism just Manifest Destiny moved off of
    the continent?
  • What role should the U.S. play in the world?
  • How successful were we in promoting the White
    Mans Burden?
About PowerShow.com