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Modern Architecture

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Title: Modern Architecture


1
Modern Architecture
  • Architectural History
  • ACT 322
  • Doris Kemp

2
Topics
  • High Modernism
  • High Modernism Early Le Corbusier
  • High Modernism Early Mies van der Rohe
  • Late Modernism
  • Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Late Modernism Later Mies van der Rohe
  • Late Modernism Later Le Corbusier

3
High Modernism
  • The Bauhaus
  • Considered the quintessential structure of High
    Modernism
  • Designed by Walter Gropius in 1926 1927
  • Located in Dessau, Germany

4
High Modernism
  • The Bauhaus
  • Workshop Wing
  • Lifted above a setback half-basement zone
  • Appears as a pure quadratic volume of glass,
    suspended weightlessly in midair

5
High Modernism
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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6
High Modernism
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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7
High Modernism
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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8
High Modernism Early Le Corbusier
  • Le Corbusier
  • Rivaled in the early- and mid-twentieth century
    only by Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Believer in High Modernism
  • Strong Classical idealism
  • Designed the Villa Savoye

9
High Modernism Early Le Corbusier
  • Villa Savoye
  • Located outside of Paris
  • Considered on of the major icons of 20th century
    architecture
  • A superb fusion of functionalism and dazzling
    formal invention

10
High Modernism Early Le Corbusier
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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11
High Modernism Early Le Corbusier
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
tml
12
High Modernism Early Le Corbusier
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
tml
13
High Modernism Early Mies van der Rohe
  • Mies van der Rohe
  • Closely rivaled Le Corbusier and Wright as form
    givers to 20th century architecture
  • Was the leader of the Berlin School in Germany
  • Famous quotes
  • I dont want to be interesting. I want to be
    good
  • Less is more

14
High Modernism Early Mies van der Rohe
  • Barcelona Pavilion
  • Mies van der Rohe
  • Designed as the German Pavilion for the Barcelona
    Exposition in 1929

15
High Modernism Early Mies van der Rohe
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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16
High Modernism Early Mies van der Rohe
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
tml
17
Late Modernism
  • Late modernism was led by leaders of High
    Modernism and Frank Lloyd Wright (Early)
  • Late Modernism arose after the World War II era
  • Younger architects were highly influenced by
    their elders from the early Modern movements

18
Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Important structures of his later career
  • Fallingwater House
  • Guggenheim Museum

19
Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
  • The Fallingwater House
  • Located in Bear Run, PA
  • 1937
  • The most universally loved of Wrights works
  • A stream runs along side and beneath the house
  • Huge ferroconcrete terraces reach out into the
    space of the gorge

20
Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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21
Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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22
Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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23
Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
  • The Guggenheim Museum
  • Located in New York City, NY
  • 1956 1959
  • Derives from Wrights earlier masterpiece, the
    Larkin Building
  • Interior features a large spiraling ramp that
    descends downward
  • Art is displayed on the walls of the ramp
  • Viewers descend the ramp to view the art

24
Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
tml
25
Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
tml
26
Late Modernism Later Frank Lloyd Wright
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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27
Late Modernism Later Mies van der Rohe
  • Mies van der Rohe
  • Came to America in 1938
  • Taught at the Illinois Institute of Technology in
    Chicago
  • Major structure
  • The Seagram Building, NY

28
Late Modernism Later Mies van der Rohe
  • The Seagram Building
  • Located in New York City, NY
  • 1954 1958
  • Clad in solid bronze and tinted glass
  • 38 stories
  • 520 feet high

29
Late Modernism Later Mies van der Rohe
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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30
Late Modernism Later Mies van der Rohe
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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31
Late Modernism Later Le Corbusier
  • Le Corbusier
  • Still maintained a ferroconcrete model in his
    later works
  • Utilized it to create bold sculptural effects in
    his later works
  • Major structure
  • Notre-Dame-du-Haut, France

32
Late Modernism Later Le Corbusier
  • Notre-Dame-du-Haut
  • Located in Ronchamp, France
  • A church that made an extreme statement as to Le
    Corbusiers style
  • Sited atop a hillside

http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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33
Late Modernism Later Le Corbusier
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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34
Late Modernism Later Le Corbusier
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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35
Late Modernism Later Le Corbusier
http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wcapts2.h
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36
References
  • Sullivan, Mary http//www.bluffton.edu/sullivanm
    /
  • http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.htm
    l
  • Trachtenburg/Hyman Architecture From Prehistory
    to Postmodernity
  • Wodehouse/Moffett A History of Western
    Architecture

37
Modern Architecture
  • Architectural History
  • ACT 322
  • Doris Kemp
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