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Laboratory Safety Orientation

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Laboratory Safety Orientation. Dr. Hayley Wan. Danny Mah, CRSP. Department of Chemistry – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Laboratory Safety Orientation


1
Laboratory Safety Orientation
  • Dr. Hayley Wan
  • Danny Mah, CRSP
  • Department of Chemistry

2
Take Away
  • Hazard Identification / Control
  • Risk Assessment / Reduction
  • Situational Awareness
  • Incident Reporting
  • Incident Investigation
  • University Policy (UAPPOL)
  • Provincial Regulations (OHS)

3
Target Audience
  • A new researcher or student to the department
  • Transferred from another unit on campus
  • A new staff member working within a laboratory
    looking for a refresher in the concepts of
    safety.

4
the Stats
CATEGORIES
  • An (estimated) 35 of injuries happen during the
    first 6 months of work/study

5
Background
  • Tragic incidents occurring in academic
    laboratories
  • A call for changes (Academia Govt)
  • Dartmouth College, Di-methyl Mercury poisoning
    (1987)
  • UCLA, tert-Butyllithum fire(2009),
  • Texas Tech Explosion (2010)
  • Yale Physics Major (2011)

6
Far Reaching Impact
  • A violent death is like a stone hurled into a
    pond. And the resulting shock wave spreads
    collateral damage far beyond the point of impact
    and far longer than anyone understands in that
    moment when the rock hits the water
  • -Deborah Blum

7
the History
  • Focusing on exposure hazards and health hazards
    for the laboratory work conducted.
  • A need systematic and managed approach has been
    identified.
  • Take an opportunity to review lab safety
    practices
  • EHS has a mandate to support the universitys
    mission through service, partnership and
    education.
  • Department of Chemistry has an opportunity to
    play an integral role in overall campus chemical
    safety.

8
What is it?
  • Trichlorosucrose

9
the History
  • 1976 Researchers - Leslie Hough and Shashikant
    Phadnis discovers Sucralose (aka Splenda) while
    researching pesticides compounds.
  • Chemist Shashikant Phadnis was told to test the
    powdered compound.
  • Misunderstanding the request, thought he was
    being told taste the mixture, so he did.

10
Define Safety Culture
  • This culture must emanate from ethical, moral and
    practical considerations first and foremost and
    less motivated by regulatory requirements.
  • What can I do to get involved?

11
Define Safety Culture
  • Safety policy and programs
  • Strong organizational practices
  • Supervisor relations
  • Co-working relations
  • Personal Safety motivation and
  • Personal Safety Knowledge

12
Building Safety Skills
  • Safety concerns apply across all chemistry and
    related fields.
  • A need to develop strong knowledge in safety.
  • From first year continuing through the entire
    undergraduate experience and into graduate
    studies and postdoctoral training, educating
    Graduate Students, Teaching Assistants,
    Postdoctoral Scholars, Laboratory managers and
    Coordinators.

13
Building Safety Skills
  • Be a proponent of safety,
  • Develop superior safety skills,
  • Develop situational awareness skills,
  • Build a personal safety knowledge base in your
    discipline,
  • Understand safety procedures and how to apply
    them,
  • Gain experience in handling hazardous materials.

14
U Governance
  • Policies UAPPOL
  • policiesonline.ualberta.ca
  • Risk tolerance Procedure
  • Health and Safety Responsibilities Procedure
  • EHS Management System
  • ehs.ualberta.ca
  • Biosafety
  • Radiation safety
  • Occupational Hygiene/ Occupation Health
  • Safety Systems and Standards

15
Training
  • Theoretical Understanding
  • Learn superior lab techniques
  • Learn proper material storage
  • Review the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  • PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE

16
Safety Attitudes, Safety Awareness, Safety Ethics
  • A solid awareness and good attitude towards
    safety is as important as following experimental
    procedures good record keeping of conducted
    experiments,
  • long term efforts through repetition,

17
Hazard Management
  • Consider Low Probability - High Consequence
    incident when evaluating risk
  • Labs and research can have more complex
    operations and there are more diverse ways and
    combinations that can lead to serious accidents.

18
Its all in a word (or Acronym in this case)
  • British Petroleum, Transocean - Gulf of Mexico,
    April 20, 2010
  • Blow Out Preventer (BOP)
  • Among other root causes the BOP specd instead
    was a Blind Shear Ram (BSR)
  • Causing discharge of hydrocarbons for nearly 3
    months.

19
Hazard Assessment
Scientific Approach
Hazard Analysis
20
Hazard Identification
  • The hazard
  • Cuts
  • Burns
  • Contact with
  • Latent occurrences (alkali burns)
  • Fire
  • Splash
  • Explosion
  • Spill

21
Hazard Identification
  • Typical laboratory signage

22
Role of Hazard Analysis
  • Define scope of research
  • Identify and evaluate hazards
  • Performing work with control and protective
    measures in place
  • Identifying lessons to be learned

23
Quote
  • Knowing is not enough, we must apply Willing is
    not enough we must do
  • Bruce Lee

24
Hazard Management - Barriers
  • Create barriers (i.e. safeguards, controls for
    planned outcomes)
  • The thrust of barrier management is this we know
    that if we have a sufficient number and quality
    of barriers in place, then we are safe to
    operate, but its essential to regularly monitor
    those barriers to make sure theyre actually
    working.

25
Hazard Management -
  • Therefore, when prevention has failed there is
    also a means for reducing the effects of the
    incident to prevent it from becoming a disaster.
  • When approaching your work consider
  • Takes a holistic approach - emphasizing the
    importance of the whole and the interdependence
    of its parts.

26
Hazard Identification
  • HA Form here

27
Hazard identification and Risk Evaluation
  • Hazard is the potential for injury.
  • Risk of the hazard is a combination of
  • A likelihood of hazard occurring
  • The severity of the occurrence

Task Equipment Process in research
Risk - Likelihood
Risk Severity
Hazard
28
Types of Hazards
  • Chemical splash on skin or eyes

Injury from Splattered Alkali
Sodium Hydroxide Burn
29
Demonstration
  • Effect of HCL when it contacts a biological
    material.

30
Types of Hazards
3 Weeks
Severe Alkali Burn 2 Weeks
8 Weeks
7 Weeks
Alkali splash
31
Types of Hazards
  • Burns

32
Medical Attention
  • Burn treatment
  • Minor - Ice pack for 20 minutes

33
Demonstration
  • Chemistry can be unpredictable.
  • Your co-worker is suddenly splashed with a
    caustic substance.
  • What do YOU do now?

34
  • Wash areas or douse affected with large amounts
    of water.
  • Eye wash, emergency showers
  • IMMEDIATELY WASH FOR A MINIMUM OF 20 MINUTES
  • Seek medical attention ASAP or as needed.

35
Types of Hazards
  • Foreign body in the eye.
  • Seek immediate medical attention.
  • Do not rub eyes.

36
Types of Hazards
  • Fire
  • Vigorous reaction
  • Seek fire extinguisher training
  • Where?

37
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38
Types of Hazards
  • Cuts and lacerations

39
Types of Hazards
  • Puncture

40
First Aid or Medical Care
  • Cuts
  • Minor first aid, bandage
  • Lacerations
  • Flush and clean wound
  • Cover with gauze
  • Seek medical attention

41
Emergency Response
  • 911
  • Provide your name
  • Provide your location

42
Emergency Response
  • Locate emergency equipment in your lab
  • Know your labs emergency response plan
  • Know where to find First Aid
  • Minor injuries
  • Know what to do in
  • Medical Emergencies
  • Fire
  • Report all event to PI, Supervisor or Designate

43
Near Miss
  • Something that fails by a very narrow margin.
  • An opportunity to learn.
  • Cause to pause and re-evaluate.
  • Question to determine if you have the best
    possible analysis.

44
Event Reporting
  • Little by little we human beings are confronted
    with situations that give us more and more clues
    that we are not perfect.  ? Mister Rogers (Fred
    Rogers)

45
Event Reporting
  • Report all incidents to your PI or supervisor no
    matter how small you may think it is.
  • Why?
  • The University requires notification
  • WCB regulations apply to student/staff
  • Lab can incur fines WCB
  • Record are in your own words

46
Event Reporting
  • Future claims from reoccurrence
  • i.e. injury or complications
  • Acute long term toxic effects where health
    effects are not apparent at the time of incident.
  • i.e. Asbestosis (20-30 years),
  • Chemical exposures
  • Different physiology from person to the next

47
Event Investigation
  • All Staff and Students are encourage to
    participate with PI, Supervisors or their
    designates in the investigation process.
  • This is for determining root causes and
    preventative measures not for fault finding or
    blame.

48
Learning from incidents
  • Recommendations concerning learning from
    incidents.
  • Much of what we know about Safety was born out of
    our past mistakes or events.
  • Using these events and studying them throughout
    undergraduate and graduate learning experiences
    provides opportunity.

49
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Only limits exposure to injury
  • Safety Glasses
  • Lab Coat
  • Gloves (Nitrile Limitations)
  • Last line of defense
  • Ineffective as a control or barrier, only
    minimizes the exposure to the hazard.

50
Other Safety Concerns
  • Things I should ask myself and/or my PI/TA or
    their designates?
  • What types of hazards are associate with
  • What type of training do I need?

51
Other Safety Concerns
  • Working alone
  • Considered a hazard
  • What are your responsibilities?
  • SOPs
  • 492-5050

52
Safety Committee
  • Have a question about safety?
  • Have a safety concern?
  • Join in (email here)
  • Collaborative interactions help build strong
    safety cultures

53
Expectations
  • Ask questions if you are unsure.
  • Research what you are required to do.
  • Apply what you have learned.
  • Practice, practice, practice
  • Sign sign-in sheet
  • Required 75 in WHMIS exam

54
Websites
  • Environment, Health Safety U of A
  • EHS.ualberta.ca
  • UAPPOL
  • Policiesonline.ualberta.ca
  • Chemical Safety Board
  • CSB.gov
  • (search experimenting with disaster)
  • Chemical Engineering News
  • CEN.acs.org (search safety)

55
Websites
  • Facilities and Operations Extinguisher
  • http//www.facilities.ualberta.ca/en/Operations_Ma
    intenance_FO/Health_and_Safety_Program/FireExguish
    erTraining.aspx

56
Questions?
  • Thank you for spending the time.
  • Draw time
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