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THE L98A2 CADET GENERAL PURPOSE RIFLE

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Title: THE L98A2 CADET GENERAL PURPOSE RIFLE


1
THE L98A2 CADET GENERAL PURPOSE RIFLE
2
LESSON 1 - GENERAL DESCRIPTION, SAFETY SIGHTS
3
WEAPON HANDLING
  • ALWAYS SAFETY FIRST!

4
RULES FOR THE SAFE HANDLING OF WEAPONSTHE
FOLLOWING RULES APPLY, AT ALL TIMES, TO THE
HANDLING OF WEAPONS
  • A. A WEAPON MUST NEVER BE POINTED AT ANYONE IN
    ANY CIRCUMSTANCES.
  • B. A WEAPON MUST ALWAYS BE HANDLED IN SUCH A WAY
    THAT THERE IS NO DANGER OF A ROUND BEING
    ACCIDENTALLY FIRED.
  • C. THE MUZZLE OF A WEAPON MUST NEVER BE RESTED
    AGAINST ANY PART OF THE BODY.
  • D. WHENEVER A WEAPON IS PICKED UP WHICH HAS NOT
    BEEN UNDER AN INDIVIDUALS DIRECT SUPERVISION, IT
    MUST BE EXAMINED TO MAKE SURE THAT IT IS NOT
    LOADED.

5
RULES FOR THE SAFE HANDLING OF WEAPONSTHE
FOLLOWING RULES APPLY, AT ALL TIMES, TO THE
HANDLING OF WEAPONS
  • E. WHENEVER A WEAPON IS HANDED OVER, THE
    RECIPIENT MUST FIRST BE SHOWN THAT IT IS
    UNLOADED.
  • F. A WEAPON MUST BE IN THE UNLOADED STATE PRIOR
    TO TRAVELLING IN A VEHICLE OR DURING NON-TACTICAL
    MOVES ON FOOT.
  • CADETS MUST NEVER BE ALLOWED TO FIRE A WEAPON
    UNLESS THEY HAVE BEEN INSTRUCTED AND PRACTISED IN
    ITS USE AND HAS PASSED A 6 MONTHLY WEAPON
    HANDLING TEST. A PERIOD OF REVISION SHOULD BE
    CONDUCTED ON THE APPROPRIATE WEAPON PRIOR TO LIVE
    FIRING. SAFETY STAFF WILL SUPERVISE WEAPON
    HANDLING DURING FIRING.

6
THE L98A2 CADET GENERAL PURPOSE RIFLE
  • It is the standard weapon of used by cadets and
    you must become skilled in its use to enable you
    to pass you Weapon Handling Test, Shooting Tests
    and whilst at the same time handle it safely
    amongst your fellow cadets.

7
CHARACTERISTICS
  • Magazine fed weapon which is capable of firing
    single rounds producing
  • Quick and accurate fire at short range
    opportunity targets.
  • A high rate of accurate, rapid fire at ranges up
    to 300m and accurate deliberate fire at longer
    ranges.
  • A number of individual parts including the
    magazine, which holds 30 rounds, are also common
    to the Light Support Weapon (LSW)
  • With its self loading capability and a 30 round
    magazine, a high standard of fire control is
    necessary to prevent wastage of ammunition.
  • IT IS ONLY TO BE FIRED FROM THE RIGHT SHOULDER

8
PARTS OF THE L98A2
9
PARTS OF THE L98A2
10
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
  • NORMAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS (NSP)
  • Must be carried out
  • At the beginning and end of every lesson,
    practice or range period
  • Immediately on returning from a patrol or other
    exercise or duty, and when handing a rifle over
    to another cadet.

11
FOR INSPECTION - PORT ARMS
  • FROM LOW PORT POSITION ADVANCE THE LEFT FOOT AND
    BRING THE RIFLE TO HORIZONTAL POSITION
  • CHECK SAFETY IS ON SAFE
  • TILT WEAPON SLIGHTLY TO THE RIGHT AND COCK THE
    WEAPON
  • HOLD THE WORKING PARTS OPEN
  • TO INSPECT THE WEAPON, OR WHEN IT IS INSPECTED BY
    OTHERS PUSH IT FORWARD AND TILT IT LEFT

12
FOR INSPECTION - PORT ARMS
  • ENSURE THE BODY, CHAMBER AND FACE OF THE BOLT ARE
    CLEAR OF AMMUNITION OR OBSTRUCTIONS.
  • ON COMMAND EASE SPRINGS
  • ALLOW WORKING PARTS FORWARD
  • SIGHTS UP,
  • 7. SAFETY CATCH TO FIRE
  • 8. FIRE AIMED SHOT IN A SAFE DIRECTION
  • 9. APPLY SAFETY CATCH
  • 10.SIGHTS DOWN, DUST COVER

13
HANDING OVER A WEAPON
  • IF NO MAGAZINE IS ATTACHED
  • CHECK SAFETY CATCH IS ON.
  • PERFORM NORMAL SAFETY PRECAUTION (NSP)
  • SHOW THE RECIPIENT OF THE WEAPON THAT THE CHAMBER
    IS CLEAR
  • ONCE THE RECEIVING PERSON IS HAPPY THE WEAPON IS
    CLEAR COMPLETE THE NSP
  • HAND OVER THE WEAPON
  • NEVER POINT THE WEAPON AT ANYONE IN ANY
    CIRCUMSTANCE

14
FITTING THE SLING
15
THE IRON SIGHTS
16
FITTING THE IRON SIGHTS
17
FITTING THE IRON SIGHTS
18
LESSON 2 - STRIPPING ASSEMBLING
19
STRIPPING THE RIFLE FOR NORMAL DAILY CLEAN
  • IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE TH WEAPON
    YOU ARE ISSUED IS SERVICEABLE
  • THE SEQUENCE FOR STRIPPING AND ASSEMBLING IS LAID
    DOWN IN ORDER TO PREVENT DAMAGE TO THE VARIOUS
    COMPONENTS.
  • THE WEAPON MUST NEVER BE STRIPPED FURTHER THAN
    YOU HAVE BEEN TAUGHT.
  • IF YOU NOTICE ANY DAMAGE OR DEFECTS YOU MUST
    REPORT IT TO THE SSI ON RETURNING THE WEAPON TO
    THE ARMOURY

20
STRIPPING THE RIFLE FOR NORMAL DAILY CLEAN
  • CARRY OUT NSPS BUT DO NOT OPERATE TRIGGER OR
    CLOSE THE DUST COVER
  • LEAVE SAFETY CATCH AT S
  • ENSURE WEAPON IS UPSIDE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
  • FULLY WITHDRAW THE REAR TMH PIN, THEN PUSH IT
    BACK 5MM UNTIL YOU HEAR A CLICK
  • FULLY WITHDRAW FRONT TMH PIN
  • REMOVE TMH BY PULLING THE BUTT UP

21
STRIPPING THE RIFLE FOR NORMAL DAILY CLEAN
  • SEPARATE AWAY FROM RIFLE
  • PLACE HAND OVER RECOIL ROD ASSEMBLY
  • FULLY WITHDRAW THE REAR TMH LOCKING PIN (CUP
    HAND OVER END)
  • REMOVE ROD ASSEMBLY BUT DO NOT REMOVE SPRING
    FROM RODS
  • SLIDE COCKING HANDLE TO THE REAR AND OFF
  • REMOVE BOLT CARRIER

22
STRIPPING THE RIFLE FOR NORMAL DAILY CLEAN
  • LIFT UP THE COVER TO THE GAS PARTS
  • REMOVE THE GAS PISTON AND SPRING
  • REMOVE THE GAS CYLINDER
  • REMOVE THE GAS PLUG (The combination tool can be
    used to push the press stud down)
  • MAKE SURE THE PRESS STUD REMAINS AT THE 9 OCLOCK
    POSITION.

23
STRIPPING THE RIFLE FOR NORMAL DAILY CLEAN
24
ASSEMBLY
  • FIT THE GAS PLUG
  • FIT THE GAS CYLINDER (this will be lose so hold
    on to it)
  • FIT THE GAS PISTON AND SPRING
  • SLOT INTO THE GAS CYLINDER
  • CLOSE THE COVER TO THE GAS PARTS

25
ASSEMBLY
  • INSERT BOLT CARRIER ASSEMBLY AND ATTACH COCKING
    HANDLE
  • WITH REAR TMH PIN FULLY WITHDRAWN , INSERT
    RECOIL ROD ASSEMBLY
  • ENSURE BOLT CARRIER ASSEMBLY IS CENTRAL AND
    PRESS DOWN ON SPRING ASSEMBLY AND ALLOW REAR TMH
  • PIN TO BE INSERTED 5MM (ONE CLICK)
  • CHECK FRONT TMH PIN FULLY WITHDRAWN

26
ASSEMBLY
  • FIT TMH
  • FULLY ENGAGE BOTH LOCKING PINS
  • PERFORM A FUNCTIONS TEST

27
FUNCTIONS TEST
  • PRONE POSITION
  • CHECK SAFETY CATCH IS ON SAFE
  • SIGHTS UP
  • COCK THE WEAPON
  • PULL THE TRIGGER WITH SAFETY CATCH ON
  • SAFETY CATCH TO FIRE
  • FIRE OFF THE ACTION

28
FUNCTIONS TEST
  • HOLD TRIGGER DOWN
  • COCK THE WEAPON
  • RELEASE THE TRIGGER (Hear hammer engaging main
    sear)
  • FIRE OF THE ACTION
  • SAFETY ON
  • DUST COVER UP

29
STRIPPING THE MAGAZINE
  • MAGAZINE SHOULD BE STRIPPED AND CLEANED IF THEY
    HAVE BEEN EXPOSED TO CONDITIONS LIKELY TO PRODUCE
    A BUILD UP OF MUD, SAND OR RUST

30
STRIPPING THE MAGAZINE
  • HOLD THE MAGAZINE WITH THE BOTTOM PLATE UPPER
    MOST
  • USE THE COMBINATION TOOL TO DEPRESS THE BASE OF
    THE SPRING LOCATED IN THE MIDDLE OF THE BOTTOM
    PLATE.
  • SLIDE TO THE REAR UNTIL THE TONGUE AT THE FRONT
    OF THE PLATE DISENGAGES FROM THE SLOT IN THE
    MAGAZINE BODY.

31
STRIPPING THE MAGAZINE
  • RELEASE THE PRESSURE ON THE SPRING UNTIL THE
    TONGUE AT THE REAR OF THE PLATE IS FREE FROM ITS
    SLOT IN THE MAGAZINE BODY.
  • REMOVE THE BOTTOM PLATE
  • THE SPRING AND PLATFORM MAY NOW BE CAREFULLY FED
    OUT OF THE BOTTOM OF THE MAGAZINE

32
STRIPPING THE MAGAZINE
  • THE PLATFORM MUST NEVER BE REMOVED FROM THE
    SPRING.
  • IF THE SPRING COMES LOOSE FROM THE PLATFORM IT
    MUST BE REPLACED CORRECTLY OR STOPPAGES WILL
    OCCUR
  • THE BOTTOM LOOP ON THE SPRING MUST BE LOCATED
    UNDER THE TWO LUGS ON THE INSIDE OF THE PLATFORM
    AND NOT TO ONE SIDE

33
ASSEMBLING THE MAGAZINE
  • ENSURE THE PLATFORM IS POINTED IN THE RIGHT
    DIRECTION.
  • INSERT THE SPRING INTO THE MAGAZINE BODY
  • PRESS THE SPRING IN UNTIL THE TONGUE AT THE REAR
    OF THE BOTTOM PLATE CAN ENGAGE IN ITS SLOT IN THE
    BODY
  • USING THE COMBINATION TOOL DEPRESS THE BASE OF
    THE SPRING TO ENABLE THE BOTTOM PLATE TO SLIDE
    FORWARD UNTIL THE TONGUE AT THE FRONT OF THE
    PLATE ENGAES THE SLOT IN THE MAGAZINE BODY.

34
ASSEMBLING THE MAGAZINE
  • IT IS IMPORTANT THAT THE BOTTOM OF THE PLATE IS
    CORRECTLY ENGAGED. FAILURE TO DO THIS WILL RESULT
    IN STOPPAGES
  • MAGAZINES SHOULD ONLY BE STRIPPED AND CLEANED IF
    THEY HAVE BEEN EXPOSED TO CONDITIONS LIKELY TO
    PRODUCE A BUILD UP OF SAND, MUD AND RUST

35
LESSON 3 - MAGAZINE FILLING, SIGHT SETTING, LOAD,
UNLOAD, MAKE SAFE SAFE HANDLING
36
FITTING A DEPRESSOR
37
AMMUNITION
  • RIMLESS
  • 5.56mm CALIBRE
  • MANUFACTURING INFO STAMPED ON THE BASE OF EACH
    ROUND
  • ISSUED IN 10rnd CLIPS or BOXES OF 30rnds or
    50rnds
  • MAGAZINE CHARGERS ARE HELPFUL WHEN ISSUED CLIPPED
    AMMUNITION

38
TYPES OF AMMUNITION
  • BALL AMMUNITION
  • SMOOTH BRASS CARTRIDGE CASE
  • JACKETED BULLET
  • PERCUSSION CAP IN BASE

39
TYPES OF AMMUNITION
  • BALL AMMUNITION

40
TYPES OF AMMUNITION
  • BLANK AMMUNITION
  • BRASS CASE
  • NO BULLET
  • THE END IS CRIMPED
  • PERCUSSION CAP IN BASE

41
TYPES OF AMMUNITION
  • BLANK AMMUNITION

42
TYPES OF AMMUNITION
  • DRILL AMMUNITION
  • SILVER CASE WITH GROOVES
  • COPPER JACKETED BULLET
  • NO PERCUSSION CAP IN BASE

43
TYPES OF AMMUNITION
  • DRILL AMMUNITION

44
CARE OF AMMUNITION MAGAZINES
  • EXPOSING TO DIRECT SUN RAYS MAY REDUCE ACCURACY
  • NEVER USE A ROUND AS A TOOL
  • DO NOT TAMPER WITH AMMUNITION IT IS DANGEROUS AND
    ILLEGAL
  • DAMAGED ROUNDS MUST NOT BE FIRED. PUT TO ONE SIDE
    AND HAND IN TO DIRECTING STAFF
  • INSPECT MAGAZINE. DAMAGED MAGAZINES WILL CAUSE
    STOPPAGES
  • CARRY MAGAZINES WITH PLATFORMS UPPERMOST IN
    POUCHES. THIS STOPS THE LIPS BEING DAMAGED WHEN
    WEBBING IS DROPPED.

45
FILLING MAGAZINES
  • MAGAZINE HOLDS 30 ROUNDS
  • IN TRAINING ONLY FILL THE MAGAZINE WITH THE
    NUMBER AND TYPE YOU ARE ORDERED TO
  • TWO METHODS FOR FILLING A MAGAZINE
  • WITH CHARGER
  • WITHOUT CHARGER

46
FILLING MAGAZINES
  • FILLING A MAGAZINE USING A CHARGER

47
FILLING MAGAZINES
  • FILLING A MAGAZINE WITHOUT USING A CHARGER

48
EMPTYING MAGAZINES
  • TWO METHODS
  • USING A CLIP, PUSH DOWN ON EVERY SECOND ROUND
  • USING A CLIP, PUSH THE REAR OF EACH TOP ROUND
    AWAY FROM THE MAGAZINE LIPS

49
SIGHT SETTING
  • TWO APPERTURES ON THE REAR SIGHT
  • CHANGED BY PUSHING LEAF SIGHT BACKWARDS AND
    FORWARDS
  • THE SMALL APERTURE IS STAMPED 200 METRES
  • THIS IS USED TO ENGAGE ALL TARGETS BETWEEN 0 -
    300 METRES
  • AT NIGHT SWITCH TO THE LARGER APERTURE

50
LOAD, READY UNLOAD
  • A WEAPON IS LOADED WHEN A MAGAZINE IS FITTED
  • A WEAPON IS READY WHEN IT IS COCKED AND A ROUND
    IS IN THE CHAMBER
  • A WEAPON IS UNLOADED WHEN THERE IS NO MAGAZINE
    FITTED AND THE WEAPON HAS BEEN CLEARED OF ALL
    AMMUNITION (NSP)

51
LOAD
  • PRONE POSITION
  • ENSURE SAFETY CATCH IS ON.
  • TAKE HOLD OF LOADED MAGAZINE AND ENSURE TOP
    ROUNDS ARE POSITIONED CORRECTLY.
  • PUSH MAGAZINE FIRMLY INTO THE MAGAZINE HOUSING.
    (Until you hear an audible click)
  • CHECK MAGAZINE IS SECURE.

52
READY
  • ENSURE SAFETY CATCH ON.
  • SET SIGHTS, RANGE AS REQUIRED.
  • COCK THE WEAPON.
  • FORWARD ASSIST

53
UNLOAD
  • APPLY SAFETY CATCH.
  • REMOVE THE MAGAZINE.
  • HOLD WORKING PARTS TO THE REAR
  • SEVEN POINT CHECK
  • OPERATE BOLT RELEASE CATCH.
  • FORWARD ASSIST
  • SIGHTS UP
  • SAFETY CATCH TO FIRE.
  • FIRE AN AIMED SHOT - (IN A SAFE DIRECTION).
  • SAFETY CATCH TO SAFE
  • SIGHTS DOWN.
  • DUST COVER UP

54
MAKE SAFE (UNLOAD FOLLOWED BY PUTTING A NEW
MAGAZINE ON)
  1. APPLY SAFETY CATCH.
  2. REMOVE THE MAGAZINE.
  3. HOLD WORKING PARTS TO THE REAR
  4. SEVEN POINT CHECK
  5. OPERATE BOLT RELEASE CATCH.
  6. FORWARD ASSIST

55
MAKE SAFE (UNLOAD FOLLOWED BY PUTTING A NEW
MAGAZINE ON)
  • 7. SIGHTS UP
  • 8. SAFETY CATCH TO FIRE.
  • 9. FIRE AN AIMED SHOT - (IN A SAFE DIRECTION).
  • 10. SAFETY CATCH TO SAFE
  • 11. SIGHTS DOWN.
  • 12. DUST COVER UP
  • 13. APPLY A NEW MAGAZINE

56
SAFE HANDLING WITH A MAGAZINE FITTED
  1. SAFETY CATCH ON UNLESS YOU ARE TOLD OTHERWISE
  2. FINGER OF THE TRIGGER UNLESS ACTUALLY FIRING
  3. RIFLE IS UNLOADED ON COMMAND OR WHEN YOU ARE
    UNABLE TO ENSURE ITS SAFETY e.g. WHEN LEAVING THE
    WEAPON IN SOMEONE ELSES CARE
  4. WHEN HANDING OVER A WEAPON ALWAYS PERFORM A FULL
    UNLOAD
  5. ALWAYS CARRY OUT DRILLS IN THE PRONE POSITION
  6. NEVER POINT A WEAPON AT ANYONE IN ANY CIRCUMSTANCE

57
LESSON 4 - CLEANING MAINTENANCE
58
CLEANING MAINTENANCE
  • IT IS YOUR JOB TO MAINTAIN THE WEAPON THAT IS
    ISSUED TO YOU.
  • LACK OF LUBRICATION IS THE GREATEST CAUSE OF
    STOPPAGES
  • ENSURE OIL BOTTLES ARE KEPT FULL

59
THE CLEANING KIT
60
THE COMBINATION TOOL
61
LEVEL OF CLEANING
  • UNIT CLEANING
  • USED TO BRING THE WEAPON UP TO THE HIGHEST
    POSSIBLE STANDARD OF CLEANLINESS
  • ACHIEVED BY CLEANING AND INSPECTION AT INTERVALS
    SET OUT BY THE COMMANDING OFFICER
  • AVAILIABLITY OF SPARE PARTS MEANS FIXING WEAPONS
    IS NOT A PROBLEM

62
LEVEL OF CLEANING
  • HARBOUR OR PATROL BASE
  • CLEANING MUST STILL BE CARRIED (USING THE BUDDY
    BUDDY SYSTEM)
  • SWIFT PRACTISED DRILLS ARE REQUIRED TO ENSURE
    ALL PARTS ARE CLEANED PROPERLY
  • ANY BROKEN PARTS, MISSING CLEANING KIT ITEMS OR
    EMPTY OIL BOTTLES MUST BE REPORTED IMMEDIATELY IN
    ORDER TO GET A RESUPPLY AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE

63
LEVEL OF CLEANING
  • RANGE AND DRY TRAINING
  • BEFORE FIRING - INSPECT THE RIFLE AND DETERMINE
    IF IT REQUIRES ADDITIONAL LUBRICTATION
  • DURING FIRING - WHEN AN OPPORTUNITY EXISTS,
    LUBRICATE AS TAUGHT
  • AFTER FIRING - CLEAN UP TO UNIT CLEANING STANDARD

64
CLEANING
  • STRIP WEAPON DOWN FOR NORMAL DAILY CLEANING
  • USE GP SOFT BRUSH TO REMOVE LOOSE DIRT
  • WITH LIGHTLY OILED FLANNELETTE, CLEAN OUTSIDE OF
    WEAPON AND THEN WIPE DRY
  • FIT CHAMBER /BARREL EXTENSION BRUSH TO ROD AND
    USE CLOCKWISE UNTIL CLEAN. TILT THE WEAPON SO THE
    MUZZLE IS POINTING UP, THIS WILL ALLOW DIRT TO
    FALL OUT WHEN THE CHAMBER/ BARREL EXTENSION BRUSH
    IS TAKEN OUT
  • USE GP SOFT BRUSH AND FLANELETTE TO CLEAN THE
    INSIDE OF THE BODY
  • WIPE THE GAS PISTON, GAS CYLINDER AND GAS PLUG
    CLEAN
  • REMOVE CARBON WITH THE WIRE BRUSH, GAS BLOCK
    CLEANING BRUSH AND SCRAPERS ON THE COMBINATION
    TOOL.

65
CLEANING
  • PULL THE BARREL THROUGH WITH A LUBRICATED BORE
    BRUSH
  • PULL BARREL THROUGH WITH ALTERNATING DRY AND OILY
    FLANELETTE, FINISH WITH A DRY FLANELETTER
  • ENSURE YOU ONLY PULL THE BARREL WITH ONE SQUARE
    OF FLANELETTE (45MM X 45MM)
  • EXAMINE THE BARREL FOR CLEANLINESS.
  • DRY CLEAN THE WEAPON AND EXAMINE IT FOR DAMAGE
  • LIGHTLY OIL THE WEAPON AND MAGAZINE
  • ASSEMBLE THE WEAPON AND PERFORM THE FUNCTIONS
    TEST
  • MAGAZINES SHOULD BE STRIPPED AND DRY CLEANED. NO
    ABRASIVE MATERIALS SHOULD BE USED

66
INSPECTION FOR DAMAGE
  • BOLT - CRACKS, ESPECIALLY IN THE CAM STUD RECESS
    AREA
  • FIRING PIN - BENT, CRAKED, BLUNTED
  • CAM STUD - CRACKED OR CHIPPED
  • FIRING PIN RETAINING PIN - BENT OR BADLY WORN
  • EXTRACTOR/ EXTRACTOR SPRING - CHIPPED OR BROKEN
    EDGES
  • RECOIL ROD ASSEMBLY - ROD SPRINGS ARE NOT BENT
    OR DAMAGED
  • COCKING HANDLE - CRACKS OR FRACTURES AND THAT THE
    LOCATING PIN IS NOT BENT OR DAMAGED
  • TMH - DAMAGE OR WEAR. ESPECIALLY THE BOLT RELEASE
    CATCH, HOLDING OPEN CATCH AND SAFETY CATCH
  • BODY - DAMAGE AND WEAR
  • GAS PISTON AND SPRING - CRACKS, BENT OR DAMAGED
  • GAS PLUG - CRACKS, OPERATES FREELY AND NOT BENT
  • GAS CYLINDER - CRACKS
  • MAGAZINE - BENT LIPS, DENTED, SPRING STRETCHED OR
    DISTORTED
  • AMMUNITION - CLEAN, DRY OR DAMAGED

67
CLEANING IN THE FIELD
  • NEVER TAKE THE WEAPON APART FULLY
  • UNLOAD THE WEAPON
  • APPLY THE HOLDING OPEN CATCH
  • USE THE BARREL EXTENSION CLEANER TO OIL, CLEAN
    AND LIBERALLY LUBRICATE THE BARREL EXTENSION,
    FACE OF THE BOLT, LOCKING SPLINES AND CHAMBER
  • PULL THROUGH THE BARREL WITH LUBRICATED AND DRY
    FLANELETTE
  • REMOVE THE TMH AND USE THE GP SOFT BRUSH AND
    FLANELETTE TO LUBRICATE THE SAFETY CATCH, HOLDING
    OPEN CATCH, BOLT RELEASE CATCH AND TRIGGER
    MECHANISM.
  • LUBRICATE THE RECOIL RODS, SPRING AND BOLT
    CARRIER WHILST STILL LOCKED IN PLACE
  • REPLACE THE TMH AND RELOAD
  • OPEN THE GAS ASSEMBLY TOP COVER AND REMOVE THE
    GAS PARTS
  • REMOVE ANY LARGE CARBON DEPOSITS, RELUBRICATE AND
    ASSEMBLE

68
CLEANING IN ADVERSE CONDITIONS
  • HEAVY RAIN AND DAMP CONDITIONS
  • INSPECT FREQUENTLY FOR RUST
  • CLEAN AS NORMAL
  • DRY, SANDY OR DUSTY CONDITIONS
  • KEEP RIFLE DRY
  • SWEAT IN THE SUN AND WIPE CLEANAND DRY
  • REMOVE ABY OIL THAT IS USED IN THE CLEANING
    PROCESS
  • REMOVE GRIT FROM THE TMH AND MAGAZINE

69
LESSON 5 -HOLDING AIMING IN THE PRONE POSITION
70
THE 4 MARKSMANSHIP PRINCIPLES
  • THE POSITION AND HOLD MUST BE FIRM ENOUGH TO
    SUPPORT THE WEAPON
  • THE WEAPON MUST POINT NATURALLY AT THE TARGET
    WITHOUT UNDUE PHYSICAL EFFORT
  • SIGHT ALIGNMENT AND SIGHT PICTURE MUST BE CORRECT
  • THE SHOT MUST BE RELEASED AND FOLLOWED THROUGH
    WITHOUT UNDUE DISTURBANCE TO THE POSITION

71
THE 4 MARKSMANSHIP PRINCIPLES
  • IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT CADETS ARE CAPABLE OF FIRING
    THEIR RIFLE ACCURATELY AND INSTICTIVELY UNDER ALL
    CONDITIONS.
  • APPLYING THE MARKSMANSHIP PRINCIPLES CAN BEST
    HELP ACHIEVE THIS
  • APPLYING THE MARKSMANSHIP PRINCIPLES DEMANDS
    CONCENTRATION AND ALSO A DETERMINATION TO SHOOT
    WELL
  • THE FIRST 3 PRINCIPLES WILL BE COVERED IN THIS
    LESSON

72
THE PRONE UNSUPPORTED POSITION
  • GIVES THE FIRER GOOD SUPPORT
  • PRESENTS A SMALL TARGET TO THE ENEMY
  • IS THE LEAST TIRING
  • TWO VARIATIONS TO THE POSITION

73
THE PRONE UNSUPPORTED POSITION
  • POSITION 1
  • ALIGNMENT ON THE TARGET
  • OPEN LEGS UNTIL FEET ARE SHOULDER WIDTH APART
  • TOES POINTING OUTWARDS
  • HEELS ON THE GROUND
  • ENSURE THE RIGHT HAND SIDE OF THE BODY AND LEG IS
    IN LINE WITH THE RIFLE. THIS WILL GIVE MAXIMUM
    SUPPORT AND REDUCE THE RECOIL EFFECT.
  • POSITION 2
  • ADJUST BODY SO THAT IT IS ANGLED SLIGHTLY TO THE
    LEFT OF THE LINE OF FIRE
  • OPEN LEGS AND ENSURE LEFT LEG IS IN LINE WITH THE
    BODY

74
LESSON 6 - FIRING IN THE PRONE POSITION
75
LESSON 7 - FIRING DRILLS
76
LESSON 8 - MECHANISM OF THE WEAPON, IMMEDIATE
ACTION STOPPAGES
77
BASIC MECHANISM OF THE RIFLE
  • WHEN THE SAFETY CATCH IS ON S THE TRIGGER CAN NOT
    BE FULLY OPERATED
  • WHEN THE SAFETY CATCH IS MOVED TO F AND THE
    TRIGGER IS PRESSED, THE HAMMER IS RELEASED AND
    HITS THE REAR OF THE FIRING PIN.
  • THE FIRING PIN IS DRIVEN FORWARD ONTO THE
    PERCUSSION CAP IN THE CASE OF THE ROUND.
  • THE ROUND IS FIRED AND THE GASES PRODUCED DRIVE
    THE BULLET UP THE BARREL
  • SOME OF THE GAS ENTERS THE GAS BLOCK AND IS
    DIVERTED BY THE GAS PLUG INTO THE GAS CYLINDER.

78
BASIC MECHANISM OF THE RIFLE
  • THIS DRIVES THE PISTON TO THE REAR AND
    COMPRESSING THE PISTON SPRING
  • THE REAR OF THE PISTON STRIKES THE BOLT CARRIER
    ASSEMBLY, FORCING IT BACKWARDS.
  • THE COMPRESSED PISTON SPRING RE-ASSERTS ITSELF
    AND DRIVES THE PISTON BACK TO ITS STARTING
    POSITION
  • THE BOLT IS UNLOCKED BY THE REARWARD MOVEMENT OF
    THE CARRIER FORCING THE CAM STUD DOWN THE STUD
    SLOT
  • AS THE CARRIER AND BOLT GO BACK THE HAMMER IS
    COCKED AS THEY PASS OVER IT.
  • THE EMPTY CASE IS WITHDRAWN FROM THE CHAMBER AND
    EJECTED OUT OF THE WEAPON TO THE RIGHT HAND SIDE.
  • THE RETURN SPRING IS COMPRESSED AND WHEN THE BOLT
    CARRIER ASSEMBLY HITS THE BUFFER THE SPRING
    RE-ASSERTS ITSELF

79
BASIC MECHANISM OF THE RIFLE
  • AS THE CARRIER AND BOLT GO BACK THE HAMMER IS
    COCKED AS THEY PASS OVER IT.
  • THE EMPTY CASE IS WITHDRAWN FROM THE CHAMBER AND
    EJECTED OUT OF THE WEAPON TO THE RIGHT HAND SIDE.
  • THE RETURN SPRING IS COMPRESSED AND WHEN THE BOLT
    CARRIER ASSEMBLY HITS THE BUFFER THE SPRING
    RE-ASSERTS ITSELF
  • AS THE BOLT IS PUSHED FORWARD IT FEEDS THE NEXT
    ROUND INTO THE CHAMBER
  • THE BOLT ROTATES AND LOCKS INTO THE BARREL
    EXTENSION
  • ONCE ALL PARTS ARE FULLY FORWARD AND LOCKED THE
    SAFETY SEAR IS RELEASED ALLOWING THE HAMMER TO
    MOVE TO ITS READY POSITION.
  • THIS WILL ALSO ONLY HAPPEN WHEN THE TRIGGER IS
    RELEASED.

80
IMMEDIATE ACTION (IA) DRILL
  • PERFORMED IF THE WEAPON FAILS TO FIRE AT ANY TIME
  • APPLY THE SAFETY CATCH
  • TILT THE WEAPON TO THE LEFT AND LOOK AT THE
    POSITION OF THE COCKING HANDLE
  • ACTION DEPENDS ON WHAT IS SEEN

81
STOPPAGE DRILLSCocking Handle Fully Forward
  • Rifle Firing Alright - Rifle Stops
  • IA DRILL
  • The Cocking Handle Fully Forward
  • FORWARD ASSIST
  • SAFETY CATCH TO FIRE
  • CARRY ON FIRING

82
STOPPAGE DRILLSLoose Magazine
  • Rifle Firing Alright - Rifle Stops
  • IA DRILL
  • Cocking Handle Not Fully Forward - Rounds In The
    Magazine
  • IF WEAPON STILL FAILS TO FIRE AFTER CARRYING OUT
    THE DRILL FOR Cocking Handle Fully Forward
  • HOLD WORKING PARTS OPEN

83
STOPPAGE DRILLSLoose Magazine
  • IF THERE ARE ROUNDS IN THE MAGAZINE AND THE BODY
    AND CHAMBER ARE CLEAR
  • CHECK THE MAGAZINE IS FITTED CORRECTLY
  • PUSH MAGAZINE UP INTO MAGAZINE HOUSING
  • OPERATE THE BOLT RELEASE CATCH
  • FORWARD ASSIST
  • SAFETY CATCH TO FIRE
  • CARRY ON FIRING

84
STOPPAGE DRILLSObstruction
  • Rifle Firing Alright - Rifle Stops
  • IA DRILL
  • Obstruction
  • TILT THE WEAPON TO THE RIGHT
  • HOLD THE WORKING PART TO THE REAR
  • IF THERE IS AN OBSTRUCTION IN THE CHAMBER
  • REMOVE THE MAGAZINE
  • SHAKE OBSTRUCTION OUT

85
STOPPAGE DRILLSObstruction
  • CHECK THAT THE CHAMBER IS CLEAR
  • Obstruction Clear
  • REPLACE MAGAZINE
  • OPERATE THE BOLT RELEASE CATCH
  • FORWARD ASSIST
  • SAFETY CATCH TO FIRE
  • CARRY ON FIRING

86
STOPPAGE DRILLSEmpty Magazine
  • Rifle Firing Alright - Rifle Stops
  • IA DRILL
  • Cocking Handle Fully To The Rear
  • REMOVE THE EMPTY MAGAZINE
  • REPLACE WITH A FULL MAGAZINE
  • OPERATE THE BOLT RELEASE CATCH
  • FORWARD ASSIST
  • SAFETY CATCH TO FIRE
  • CARRY ON FIRING

87
STOP!
  • APPLY THE SAFETY CATCH AND LISTEN FOR FURTHER
    INSTRUCTIONS

88
LESSON 9 - FIRING FROM OTHER POSITIONS
89
LESSON 10 - AIMING OFF, ALTERATION OF SIGHTS AND
MISS DRILL
90
AIMING OF FOR ELEVATION AND DIRECTION
  • WHEN SHOOTING, THE STRENGTH AND DIRECTION OF THE
    WIND HAVE A DIRECT INFLUENCE ON THE FLIGHT PATH
    OF THE BULLET.
  • IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT YOU MAKE ALLOWANCES TO
    COUNTER THESE FACTORS
  • CHANGE THE POA TO OVERCOME ANY ERRORS IN
    ELEVATION AND DIRECTION
  • IF A SHOT HAS LANDED 300mm HIGH AND 100mm LEFT
    THEN RE AIM 300mm LOW AND 100mm RIGHT
  • IF FIRING AT SMALL TARGETS AIM AT THE BOTTOM OF
    THE TARGET

91
AIMING OFF FOR WIND
  • ONLY WIND BLOWING ACROSS THE FRONT AT RANGES
    GREATER THAN 100 METRES WILL DEFLECT THE BULLET
    SIGNIFICANTLY
  • AIM OFF TO ALLOW FOR THIS
  • YOU CAN DETERMINE THE WIND STRENGTH AND DIRECTION
    FROM ITS EFFECTS ON FLAGS, TREES AND BUSES
  • FRESH WIND
  • WIND HAS APPRECIABLE EFFECT ON BUSHES AND THIN
    BRANCHES OF TREES
  • WIND CAN BE FELT ON THE SIDE OF THE FACE
  • COULD CAUSE FLAGS TO STAND ABOUT HALFWAY OUT FROM
    THE FLAG POLE
  • STRONG WIND
  • WIND HAS A NOTICEABLE EFFECT ON TREE TOPS
  • LIFTS DUST OF DRY GROUND
  • RANGE FLAGS TEND TO STRAIN AWAY FROM THE FLAG POLE

92
AIMING OFF FOR WIND
  • ALWAYS AIM INTO THE DIRECTION OF THE WIND
  • FRESH WIND AT 200 METRES
  • POA IS HALFWAY BETWEEN THE CENTRE AND THE EDGE OF
    THE TARGET (1st POA on diagram)

93
AIMING OFF FOR WIND

94
AIMING OFF FOR WIND
  • ALWAYS AIM INTO THE DIRECTION OF THE WIND
  • FRESH WIND AT 200 METRES
  • POA IS HALFWAY BETWEEN THE CENTRE AND THE EDGE OF
    THE TARGET (1st POA on diagram)
  • STRONG WIND AT 200 METRES
  • POA IS THE EDGE OF THE TARGET (2nd POA on
    diagram)

95
AIMING OFF FOR WIND

96
AIMING OFF FOR WIND
  • ALWAYS AIM INTO THE DIRECTION OF THE WIND
  • FRESH WIND AT 200 METRES
  • POA IS HALFWAY BETWEEN THE CENTRE AND THE EDGE OF
    THE TARGET (1st POA on diagram)
  • STRONG WIND AT 200 METRES
  • POA IS THE EDGE OF THE TARGET (2nd POA on
    diagram)
  • FRESH WIND AT 300 METRES
  • POA IS AT THE EDGE OF THE TARGET (2nd POA on
    diagram)

97
AIMING OFF FOR WIND

98
AIMING OFF FOR WIND
  • ALWAYS AIM INTO THE DIRECTION OF THE WIND
  • FRESH WIND AT 200 METRES
  • POA IS HALFWAY BETWEEN THE CENTRE AND THE EDGE OF
    THE TARGET (1st POA on diagram)
  • STRONG WIND AT 200 METRES
  • POA IS THE EDGE OF THE TARGET (2nd POA on
    diagram)
  • FRESH WIND AT 300 METRES
  • POA IS AT THE EDGE OF THE TARGET (2nd POA on
    diagram)
  • STRONG WIND AT 300 METRES
  • POA IS ONE TARGETS WIDTH FROM THE CENTRE OF THE
    TARGET (3rd POA on diagram)

99
AIMING OFF FOR WIND

100
MISS DRILL
  • IF YOU MISS THE TARGET CONTINUALLY
  • AIM AND FIRE AT THE BASE OF THE TARGET
  • WATCH WHERE THE ROUND STRIKES
  • ADJUST YOUR POA ACCORDINGLY
  • ALWAYS ENSURE SIGHT ALIGNMENT REMAINS CORRECT
    WHEN ADJUSTING THE POA

101
LESSON 11 - USE OF COVER, CARRIAGE OF WEAPON
REACTION TO EFFECTIVE ENEMY FIRE
102
LESSON 12 - RIFLE ZEROING
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