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The early life of Abraham Lincoln

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The early life of Abraham Lincoln His life before he became the 16th President Family Born February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky Parents: Thomas and Nancy ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The early life of Abraham Lincoln


1
The early life of Abraham Lincoln
  • His life before he became the 16th President

2
Family
  • Born February 12, 1809 in Hardin County, Kentucky
  • Parents Thomas and Nancy
  • Sister Sarah
  • The family moved to Indiana in 1816
  • His mother died of Milk Sickness in 1818
  • Thomas marries Sarah Johnston in 1819

3
Father Thomas and Step Mother Sarah
4
Boy Hood Home
Birth Cabin
5
Early Life
  • Abrahams step-mother encouraged him to get an
    education
  • He loved to read and would walk miles to borrow a
    new book
  • Lincoln was not just a bookworm he also chopped
    wood, wrestled, piloted flat boats to New
    Orleans
  • Volunteered for the Black Hawk War

6
  • Lincoln married Mary Todd on November 4, 1841
  • The couple will have 4 sons
  • Robert, Edward, William, and Thomas.

7
Lincolns Sons
Robert 1843-1926
Edward 1846-1850
William 1850-1862
Thomas (Tad) 1853-1871
8
Early Political Life
  • He became a lawyer at the age of 28
  • He was elected to the IL House of Representatives
  • In 1846, Lincoln was elected to the U.S. Congress

9
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
  • 1858 US Senate race
  • Incumbent Stephen A. Douglas, Dem.
  • Rep. challenger Abraham Lincoln
  • Series of 7 public debates
  • Expansion of slavery was the major topic

10
Lincoln on Slavery
  • A house divided against itself cannot stand
  • Lincoln set forth an instantly accessible image
    of the Union as a house in danger of collapse
    under the relentless pressure of the slavery
    issue. Source Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns
    Goodwin

11
Lincoln on Slavery
  • I believe this government cannot endure,
    permanently half slave and half free,
  • I do not expect the house to fall- but I do
    expect it will cease to be divided. It will
    become all one thing, or all the other.
  • Source Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns
    Goodwin

12
Lincoln on John Brown
  • Lincoln agreed that Browns ideals were noble
  • Both thought slavery was wrong
  • He could not excuse the violence, bloodshed, or
    treason
  • Source To Purge this Land with Blood by
    Stephen B. Oates

13
Lincoln becomes a national figure
  • Lincoln loses the 1858 Senate race to Douglas
  • Lincoln became the Republican candidate for
    President in 1860
  • He will run against 3 other candidates

Lincoln in 1860
14
Lincolns opponents in 1860
John Bell Constitutional Union
Stephen Douglas Northern Democrat
John Breckinridge Southern Democrat
15
Election 1860
  • Lincoln opposed the expansion of slavery into the
    territories
  • Breckinridge and Bell split the Southern states
  • Lincoln defeats Douglas in the North
  • Lincoln wins the election without winning a
    single Southern state
  • South Carolina secedes (leaves) the Union

16
Lincoln Grows a Beard
  • 11 year old, Grace Bedell, recommended in a
    letter that Lincoln grow a beard.
  • your face is so thin and all the ladies like
    whiskers.
  • Lincoln took her advice and decided to grow the
    beard.
  • Source Team of Rivals by Doris Kearns
    Goodwin

17
June 3,1860
April 10, 1865
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