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BONFIRE NIGHT

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Title: BONFIRE NIGHT


1
BONFIRE NIGHT
  • Called also Guy Fawkes Day

2
Contents
  • Who was Guy Fawkes?
  • History
  • Celebrations
  • Did you know...?
  • Recipes

MAIN MENU
3
  • Guy Fawkes was born April 13, 1570 and played a
    major part in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. As a
    good English Catholic he joined the Spanish army
    in 1593 and fought in the Netherlands.

4
  • In 1604 he and some Catholic conspirators made
    plans to overthrow the Protestant monarchy in
    England. They planted gunpowder barrels in a
    cellar under the House of Lords scheming to
    explode them on November 5, 1605, when the king
    opened Parliament.

5
HISTORY
  • After Queen Elizabeth I died in 1603, English
    Catholics who had had a rough time under her
    reign had hoped that her successor, James I,
    would be more tolerant of their religion. Alas,
    he was not, and this angered a number of young
    men who decided that violent action was the
    answer.
  • One young man in particular, Robert Catesby
    suggested to some close friends that the thing to
    do was to blow up the Houses of Parliament. In
    doing so, they would kill the King, maybe even
    the Prince of Wales, and the Members of
    Parliament who were making life difficult for the
    Catholics. Today these conspirators would be
    known as extremists, or terrorists.
  • To carry out their plan, the conspirators got
    hold of 36 barrels of gunpowder - and stored it
    in a cellar, just under the House of Lords.

6
  • But as the group worked on the plot, it became
    clear that some innocent people would be hurt or
    killed in the attack. Some of the plotters
    started having second thoughts. One of the group
    members even sent an anonymous letter warning his
    friend, Lord Monteagle, to stay away from the
    Parliament on November 5th. Was the letter real?
  • The warning letter reached the King, and the
    King's forces made plans to stop the
    conspirators.
  • Guy Fawkes, who was in the cellar of the
    parliament with the 36 barrels of gunpowder when
    the authorities stormed it in the early hours of
    November 5th, was caught, tortured and executed.
  • It's unclear if the conspirators would ever have
    been able to pull off their plan to blow up the
    Parliament even if they had not been betrayed -
    some people think the gunpowder they were
    planning to use was so old as to be useless.
    Since Guy Fawkes and his colleagues got caught
    before trying to ignite the powder, we'll never
    know for certain.

7
CELEBRATIONS
  • The tradition of lighting bonfires on November 5,
    started the same year as the plot itself. People,
    happy that the King had been saved, lit bonfires
    in the streets. Over the years the celebrations
    became more elaborate, and effigies of Guy Fawkes
    and even the Pope were added to the top of the
    fires. Fireworks came a little later. All towns
    and villages used to have a fire, then the
    tradition became for people to have private fires
    and firework displays.

8
  • Children make their effigies (or dummies) and
    parade them in the streets before bonfire night.
    They ask for "a penny for the Guy" and use the
    money collected to buy fireworks. Because of
    increased safety regulations most towns and
    villages have begun having public bonfires again.
    These days private bonfires are few and there are
    not many "Guys" on display in the streets.

9
Did you know...?
  • Until 1959, it was illegal not to celebrate the
    date of Guy Fawkes arrest in England...
  • As late as 1998, the death penalty still existed
    in peacetime for the crimes of treason and piracy
    with violence in England and Wales...

10
RECIPES
  • Guy Fawkes Casserole
  • Bonfire Potato Dogs
  • Gingerbread Men
  • Spiced Guy Fawkes Night Punch
  • Bonfire Toffee
  • Lancashire Parkin
  • Yorkshire Parkin

11
Guy Fawkes Casserole
  • Serves 4
  • Description/Notes
  • A warming stew to fortify the family before going
    out to watch the fireworks great with a baked
    potato
  • Ingredients
  • one and a half pounds (675g) stewing beef
  • 2 large carrots, sliced
  • 1 large onion, peeled and roughly chopped
  • 1 tsp. curry powder
  • 1 tsp. chilli powder
  • half an ounce (13g) plain flour
  • half an ounce (13g) dripping
  • salt and pepper
  • half a pint (250ml) beef stock \

12
  • Cooking Instructions
  • Dice the beef into 1 inch cubes
  • Melt the dripping in a saucepan and fry the
    onions and carrots for about 5 minutes
  • Add the beef and brown it on all sides
  • Gradually stir in the flour then add the chilli,
    curry, stock, salt and pepper
  • Bring to the boil then reduce heat, cover and
    simmer gently for about 2 hours
  • Serve with a baked potato

13
Bonfire Potato Dogs
  • Serves 4
  • Description/Notes
  • A tasty bonfire snack or supper that can be made
    in minutes in the microwave
  • Ingredients
  • 4 medium baking potatoes
  • six and a half ounce (180g) can of hot dog
    sausages
  • 2 tsp. curry paste
  • 4 oz. (125g) button mushrooms
  • 1 oz. (25g) butter

14
  • Scrub the potatoes and pierce with a fork
  • Microwave on Full power for 18-20 minutes
  • Wrap potatoes in foil while making filling
  • Melt the butter in an oblong microwave bowl for
    about 30 seconds on Full power
  • Stir in the mushrooms, cover and cook on Full for
    2 minutes
  • Stir in the curry paste and place the sausages
    into the mixture
  • Cook for 2 minutes on Full power
  • Cut open the baked potatoes and share the sausage
    and mushroom mixture between them.

15
Gingerbread Men
  • Gingerbread has always been popular in the north
    of England. Children love these shapes.
  • Makes 16
  • Plain flour - 350g (12 oz)
  • Bicarbonate of soda - 1 tsp
  • Ground ginger - 2 tsp
  • Butter - 110g (4 oz), diced
  • Soft light brown sugar - 175g (6 oz)
  • Golden syrup - 4 tbsp
  • Egg - 1, beaten
  • Currants - to decorate

16
  • METHOD
  • Pre-heat oven to 190 C / 375 F / Gas 5.
  • Sift the flour, bicarbonate of soda and ginger
    into a mixing bowl. Rub in the butter until the
    mixture resembles fine breadcrumbs, then stir in
    the sugar. Beat the syrup into the egg, then stir
    into the flour mixture. Mix together to make a
    smooth dough.
  • Knead the dough until smooth, then divide in
    half. Roll out, half at a time, on a floured
    surface until about 0.5 cm (1 inch) thick.
  • Using a gingerbread man cutter, cut out
    gingerbread men until all the dough has been used
    up, re-rolling and cutting the trimmings. Repeat
    with the second half of the dough. Place the
    gingerbread men on greased baking sheets and
    decorate with currants to represent eyes and
    buttons.
  • Bake for 12-15 minutes until golden brown. Leave
    on the baking sheets to cool slightly, then
    transfer to wire racks to cool completely. Store
    in an airtight container.

17
Spiced Guy Fawkes Night Punch
  • Makes approximately 18 glasses
  • 2 bottles inexpensive red wine (approx. 1.2 ltrs
    / 2 pts)
  • 1 bottle medium dry cider (approx. 20 fl oz / 1
    pt)
  • 1 - 1 carton unsweetened apple juice
  • 2 - 3 spice bags for mulled wine
  • 10 cloves
  • The juice and finely pared zest of 2 - 3 oranges
  • 3 Coxs Pippin apples, cored and sliced
  • 3 bay leaves
  • 280g / 10oz Whitworths golden granulated sugar,
    or sweeten to taste

18
  • Method
  • Add all the ingredients to a large pan and bring
    the liquid to boiling point. Reduce to a gentle
    simmer and leave for 20 minutes. Add fresh slices
    of apple and orange. Serve hot.
  • Tip Use decorative biscuit cutters to cut the
    orange skin into stars and moons to float on top
    of the punch.

19
Bonfire Toffee
  • You will need
  • 1 lb sugar,
  • preferably Demerara
  • 1/3 pint water
  • 1 1 ozs butter
  • 2 level tablespoons golden syrup
  • 1 teaspoon vinegar

20
  • 1. Put all the ingredients into a strong saucepan
    and stir over a steady heat until the sugar has
    dissolved.
  • 2. Bring to the boil and cook until the mixture
    reaches the 'hard crack' stage, 290 degrees F. To
    test for the hard crack stage drop about half a
    teaspoon of the mixture into a cup of cold water,
    if it is hard then it is done, if still soft and
    chewy cook for a little longer and test again.
  • 3. Pour into oiled or buttered tin and either
    allow to set as a slab or mark in squared as
    toffee becomes partially set. Break when
    completely set.
  • Variations 1 Use black treacle instead of golden
    syrup 2 Add peanuts or chopped mixed nuts.

21
Lancashire Parkin
  • 1 1/2 lb oatmeal
  • 1 teaspoon ground ginger 8 oz brown sugar
  • 8 oz butter 1 lb treacle
  • 1 teaspoonful allspice
  • Mix the dry ingredients . Heat treacle and
    butter add to the dry mixture and leave to stand
    overnight. Place in a well-greased shallow baking
    tin and bake in a moderate oven for about 2
    hours. It is done when the parkin springs back
    when touched.

22
Yorkshire Parkin
  • 8 ozs self raising flour
  • 4 oz butter 8 ozs oatmeal
  • 1 teaspoonful ground ginger 8 oz treacle
  • 2 teaspoonfuls bicarbonate of soda
  • 4 oz sugar
  • 1 egg
  • 1 gill milk Pinch of salt
  • Rub the butter into the sieved flour, then add
    the rest of the dry ingredients, the treacle,
    milk and beaten egg. Mix well together. Put the
    mixture in a prepared shallow tin and cook in a
    slow oven for about 2 hours. When cool , cut into
    squares..
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