Environmental Awareness knowledge and parameters of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) And Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Environmental Awareness knowledge and parameters of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) And Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 419f9b-MTJhY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Environmental Awareness knowledge and parameters of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) And Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)

Description:

Environmental Awareness knowledge and parameters of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) And Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) Dr. Amjad Ali Khan – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:2338
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 49
Provided by: Far4153
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Environmental Awareness knowledge and parameters of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) And Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)


1
Environmental Awareness knowledge and parameters
of Environmental impact assessment (EIA) And
Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)
  • Dr. Amjad Ali Khan
  • Deputy Director (EIA)
  • EPA-Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

2
Environment
  • It includes the conditions under which any
    individuals or thing exists, live or develop.

3
The Environment of Human Being Includes
  • Abiotic Factors-
  • Land, water, atmosphere, climate, sound, odours
    and taste.
  • Biotic Factors-
  • Fauna (animal life of a region or geological
    period) Flora (the plants of a particular region
    or geological period) Ecology, bacteria and
    viruses and all those social factors which make
    up the quality of life.

4
How the Word Environment Emerged
  • The word environment emerged in response to the
    public health
  • In sanitary (dirty or germ carrying) dwellings
    and streets.
  • Contaminated public water supplies.
  • Drain and sanitation.
  • Public nuisances.
  • Unhygienic food processing.

5
  1. Overcrowding.
  2. Refuse dump.
  3. Epidemics (wide spread of diseases)

6
EIA Definition
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) refers to
    the evaluation of the environmental impacts
    likely to raise from a major project
    significantly affecting the environment.

7
Most definitions recognize the following four
basic principles
  • Procedural principle EIA establishes a
    systematic method for incorporating
    environmental considerations into
    decision-making
  • Informational principle EIA provides the
    necessary elements to make an informed decision

8
  • 3. Preventive principle EIA should be applied at
    the earliest opportunity within the
    decision-making process to allow the
    anticipation and avoidance of environmental
    impacts wherever possible and
  • 4. Iterative principle the information generated
    by EIA is made available to interested parties
    to elicit a response which in turn should be
    fed back into EIA process.

9
Purpose of the Assessment.
  • To identify and assess any potentially adverse
    environmental effects of a new development.
  • The adverse impacts could be avoided or reduce.
  • To ensure that environmental consequences were
    taken into account during planning, designing
    decision Making process.
  • To influence how it is subsequently managed
    during its implementation.

10
The Origin of EIA
  • Environmental Impact Assessment emerged in the
    United States as a response to the rise of
    environmental movements of the 1960s that raised
    awareness of the serious environmental effects of
    human activities which were inadequately
    controlled by existing planning regulation and
    pollution control measures.

11
Spread of EIA to other countries
  • The spread of EIA to other countries gained
    momentum due to four fundamental factors
  • First, an increasing awareness among the general
    public of the danger and impacts of major
    development and new technologies due to a better
    scientific knowledge and publicity.
  • Secondly, the increasing activities of
    environmental pressure groups, For example
    Friends of the Earth in the UK.the political
    effectiveness of these groups was intensified by
    scientific evidence and media coverage.

12
  • The third, was the widespread concern about the
    sheer scale of resource developments and their
    associated environmental effects.
  • Fourth, all of the above reasons made the western
    developed nations more cautious and responsive to
    environmental concerns.

13
The EIA Process
  • EIA may be presented as a series of stages.

14
Screening/Initial Environmental Examination
(IEE)
  • The process of an EIA commences at the early
    stages of a project. When the project is first
    considered, not when construction has begun. Once
    a developer has identified a need, assessed
    project design and site the next step is to see
    the positive and negative effects of this
    development on the environment. The outcome of
    the screening process is a decision to either
    include or exclude the development from the full
    EIA Process.

15
Scoping
  • Should a formal EEA be required then the next
    phase is to define the issues which need to be
    addresses. Scoping is a very key stage of the EIA
    process in which those impacts which might have
    significant effect on the environment, to be
    addressed in the EIA, are determined.

16
Steps to be considered during scoping
  • Develop a communication plan (decide who to talk
    to and when).
  • Assemble information that will be the starting
    point of discussion.
  • Make the information available to those whose
    views are to be obtained.
  • Find out what issues people are concerned about.

17
  • Look at the issues from a technical or scientific
    perspective in preparation for further study.
  • Organize information according to issues
    including grouping and setting priorities.
  • Develop a strategy for addressing and resolving
    each key issue, including information
    requirements and terms of reference for further
    studies.

18
EIA Report Preparation
  • Once it has been determined that a project has
    potentially significant impacts on the
    environment and the main issues to be considered
    in the study have been identified, the EIA has to
    be undertaken and presented in the form of an
    Environmental Impact Assessment report.
  • The assessment must determine the significance
    of direct and indirect impacts, both beneficial
    and adverse, and the duration of the impacts.

19
EIA report normally include the following
information
  • The impact the project would have on the physical
    environment.
  • Any possible pollution of the soil, of waters of
    all kinds such as surface, underground, costal
    and of the atmosphere.
  • The impact of the project on wildlife, the
    natural habitat and all other ecological factors.
  • The projects likely influence on the qualities
    of life of the local populations.
  • Any influence the project may have on existing
    industry and employment.
  • Any need that may result for new or improved
    infrastructure such as utilities, transport,
    housing, school recreational amenities etc.

20
EIA Report Review
  • Once the EIA is completed and the EIA report is
    submitted to the competent authority, it has to
    be ensured that the EIA has been conducted
    properly, that all of the necessary analysis have
    been undertaken and are contained in the final
    report. It is necessary to develop review
    criteria to check the accuracy and
    comprehensiveness of the EIA Report.
  • The review can be carried out by decision maker
    or by review committee, however effective review
    criteria should allow an authority to
  • Ensure that all relevant information has been
    analysed and presented.
  • Assess the validity and accuracy of information
    contained in EIA Report.

21
  • Quickly become familiar with the proposed project
    and consider whether additional information is
    needed.
  • Assess the significance of the projects
    environmental effects.
  • Evaluate the need for mitigation and monitoring
    of environmental impact and advise on whether a
    project should be allowed to proceed.

22
Decision Maker
  • Once the study is finished and EIA report is
    submitted, the responsible decision-makers start
    what is often the difficult task of balancing
    environmental, economic, political and technical
    factors in reaching a final decision regarding
    the course of action to be taken.

23
Monitoring
  • Monitoring is an activity undertaken to provide
    specific information on the characteristics and
    functioning of environmental and social variables
    in space and time. The monitoring activities can
    be classified as
  • Baseline monitoring conducted before the
    development of the project and oriented towards
    establishing the baseline environmental
    conditions.

24
  • Constructionp monitoring carried out during the
    construction and oriented either to the emissions
    and discharges of the installation or to the
    status of the environmental variable.
  • After-use monitoring to be carried out when the
    installation is left or has finished its
    operative period and oriented to residual
    emissions, e.g.long term evaluation of the
    environmental conditions.

25
Pakistan Environmental Protection Act (PEPA), 1997
  • Section 12 of PEPA, 1997.
  • Initial Environmental Examination and
    Environmental Impact Assessment-(1) No proponent
    of a project shall commence construction or
    operation unless he has filed with the Federal
    Agency an initial environmental examination or,
    where the project is likely to cause an adverse
    environmental effect, an environmental impact
    assessment and has obtained from the Federal
    Agency approval in respect thereof

26
  • SCHEDULE I
  • LIST OF PROJECTS REQUIRING AN IEE

27
(A)Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, etc.
  • 1) Poultry, livestock, stud and fish farms with
    total cost of more than 10 million rupees.
  • 2) Projects involving repacking, formulation or
    warehousing of agriculture products.

28
(B)Energy
  • Hydroelectric Power generation less than 50 MW.
  • Thermal Power generation less than 200 MV.
  • Transmission Lines less than 11KV, and large
    distribution projects.
  • Oil and Gas transmission system.
  • Oil and Gas extraction projects including
    exploration, production, gathering system,
    separation and storage.
  • Waste-to-energy generation projects.

29
  • Manufacturing Processing.
  • Ceramics and glass units with total cost of more
    than 50 million rupees.
  • Food Processing industries including sugar
    mills, beverages, milk and diary products, with
    total cost of less than 100 million rupees.
  • Man made fibers and resin projects with total
    cost less than 100 million rupees.
  • Manufacturing of apparel including dying and
    printing, with total cost of more than 25 million
    rupees.
  • Wood products with total cost of more than 25
    million rupees.

30
  • (D)
  • Mining Mineral Processing
  • Commercial extraction of sand gravel, limestone,
    clay, sulphur and other minerals not included in
    Schedule II with cost of less than 100 million
    rupees.
  • Crushing, grinding and separation processes.
  • Smelting plants with total cost of 50 million
    rupees.

31
  • (E)
  • Transport
  • Federal or provincial highways (except
    maintenance, rehabilitation or reconstruction of
    existing mettaled roads) with total cost of less
    than 50 million rupees.
  • Ports and harbour development for ships less than
    500 gross tons.

32
  • (F)
  • Water Management, Dams, Irrigation and Flood
    Protection.
  • Dams and reservoirs with storage volume less than
    50 million cubic meters or surface area less than
    08 square kilometers.
  • Irrigation and drainage projects serving less
    than 15,000 hectares.
  • Small scale irrigation system with total cost
    less than 50 million rupees.

33
  • (G)
  • Water Supply and Treatment.
  • Water supply schemes and treatment plants with
    total cost of less than Rs. 25 million rupees.

34
  • (H)
  • Waste Disposal
  • Waste disposal facility for domestic or
    industrial wastes, with annual capacity less than
    10,000 cubic meters.

35
  • (I)
  • Urban Development and Tourism.
  • Housing schemes.
  • Public facilities with significant off-site
    impacts e.g, hospital wastes.
  • Urban development projects.

36
(J)Other Projects.
  1. Any other project for which filing of an IEE is
    required by the Federal Agency under
    sub-regulation (2) of regulation.

37
SCHEDULE II
  •    
  • LIST OF PROJECTS REQUIRING AN EIA

38
(A)Energy
  1. Hydroelectric power generation over 50 MW.
  2. Thermal power generation over 200 MW.
  3. Transmission lines (11 KV and above) and grid
    stations.
  4. Nuclear Power plants.
  5. Petroleum refineries.

39
(B)Manufacturing and Processing
  1. Cement Plants.
  2. Chemicals projects.
  3. Fertilizers plants.
  4. Food processing industries including sugar mills,
    beverages, milk and dairy products with total
    cost of Rs. 100 Million and above.
  5. Industrial Estates (including export processing
    zones)

40
  • 6. Man-made fibers and resin projects with total
    cost of Rs. 100 Million and above.
  • 7. Pesticides (manufacture or formulation).
  • 8. Petrochemicals complex.
  • 9. Synthetic resins, plastic and man-made fibers,
    paper and paperboard, paper pulping, plastic
    products, textile (except apparel), printing and
    publishing, paints and dyes, oils and fats and
    vegetable ghee projects with a total cost more
    than Rs. 10 Million.
  • 10. Tanning and lather finishing projects.

41
(C) Mining and Mineral Processing.
1. Mining and processing of coal, gold,
copper, sulphur and precious stones.
2. Mining and processing of major non-ferrous
metals, iron and steel rolling. 3. Smelting
plants with total cost of Rs. 50 Million and
above.
42
(D)Transport
  • Airports.
  • Federal or provincial highways (except
    maintenance, rebuilding or reconstruction of
    existing roads) with total cost of Rs.50 million
    and above.
  • Ports and harbors development for ships 500 gross
    tons and above.
  • Railway works.

43
(E)Water Management, Dams, Irrigation and Flood
Protection.
  1. Dams and reservoirs with storage volume 50
    million cubic meters and above or surface area of
    08 square kilometers and above.
  2. Irrigation and drainage projects serving 15,000
    hectares and above.

44
(F)Water supply schemes and treatment.
  •  
  • Water supply schemes and treatment plants with
    total cost of Rs. 25 million and above.

45
(G) Waste Disposal1. Waste
disposal and / or storage of hazardous or
toxic wastes (including land fill sites
incineration of hospital toxic waste). 2. Waste
disposal facility for domestic or industrial
waste with annual capacity more than 10,000
cubic meters.
46
  • (H)
  • Urban development and tourism.
  • Land use studies and urban plans (large cities).
  • Large scale tourism development projects with
    total cost more than Rs. 50 million.

47
  • (I)
  • Environmentally Sensitive Areas.
  • 1. All projects situated in environmentally
    sensitive areas.

48
  • Industrial development
  • Effective use of resources
  • Sustainable development
  • Thanks for listening.
About PowerShow.com