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1 Samuel: Samuel, Saul, David

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Why was Samuel so highly respected Jer 15:1 listed on level of Moses Judge Priest Prophet Oversaw the introduction of the kingship in Israel (2x) Did Samuel write it? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1 Samuel: Samuel, Saul, David


1
1 Samuel Samuel, Saul, David
2
Why was Samuel so highly respected
  • Jer 151 listed on level of Moses
  • Judge
  • Priest
  • Prophet
  • Oversaw the introduction of the kingship in
    Israel (2x)

3
Did Samuel write it?
  • Its about Samuel, he is dead by 1 Sam 28

4
Literary Pattern
  • Demise of old leader
  • Gods selection of new leader
  • Victories of new leader
  • Problems involving new leader

5
Samuel Cycle
  • Demise of leader Eli (1 Sam 1-2)
  • Hannahs problemrival, dumb husband (18)
  • Hannahs vow 111
  • Why did Eli jump on her case? (114)
  • Samuel -- God listened (120,28)

6
Elis sons
  • Problems
  • Riping off meat (214)
  • Messing with women (222)
  • Samuel contrast (225, 26)
  • How was Eli as a father?
  • weak man --gt weak father --gt bad sons

7
Call of Samuel
  • Rejection of Eli 313 (229)
  • Samuels night call

8
Demise of Old leader -- Eli
9
Ephraim
10
Demise of Old Leader
  • Capturing the ark 1 Sam 4-6
  • Bringing the ark out to do battle
  • Problem God in a box mentality
  • How do we suffer from this also?
  • Death Elis sons -- Eli
  • Birth of Ichabod 421

11
Philistines and the Ark
  • Five Philistine cities (Ashdod, Askelon, Gath,
    Gaza, Ekron)

12
Philistine Plain
13
Philistines and the Ark
  • Dagon (grain or storm god) 55
  • Plagues and returning ark (64f)
  • Why did the Philistines make 5 gold tumors
    rats?
  • Sympathetic magic

14
Samuels victory
  • Defeats Philistines Ebenezer (712)
  • How can Ebenezer be named in 712 yet it was
    called that in 51?
  • Error in the Bible
  • What is an anachronism?
  • Samuels sons 83

15
On fathers and sons
  • Eli (godly) gt -sons (ungodly)
  • Samuel (godly) gt - sons (ungodly)
  • -Saul (ungodly) gt son (Jonathangodly)
  • David (godly) gt son (Solomon) and - son
    (Absalom)
  • What does it all mean? Each generations choice

16
We want a king
  • Was it wrong for Israel to ask for a king like
    the other nations? (84f)
  • No Deut 1714f.
  • They had priests, prophets and judges like the
    other nations
  • Problem rejection of God as king (87)

17
Saul chosen Private--Ramah
  • Private anointing chasing donkeys
  • What does 99 say about the date of writing of
    the book of 1 Sam.?
  • Focus on Sauls appearance (92)
  • Was Saul initially humble? (921)
  • Whats the difference between humility and
    insecurity?
  • Spirit on Saul Did believers have Spirit in OT?
    (1010)

18
Saul chosen Public--Mizpah
  • Hiding in the baggage (1022f)
  • Delivers Jabesh Gilead from Ammonites (first
    victory) (ch. 11)
  • Samuels defense and prayer (123, 23)
  • Is it a sin not to pray for someone?
  • Responsibility of the leader to pray for his
    people

19
1 Sam 131 what does it say?
  • Read
  • KJV Saul reigned 1 year. Then he reigned 2
  • Old NASB Saul was 40 yrs. Old reigned 32 yrs.
  • NIV Saul 30 yrs. Old reigned 42 yrs
  • NRSV/ESV Saul was yrs. Old reigned . Yrs.
  • What does that suggest about the inerrancy of
    Scripture? inspiration / transmission
  • What does that suggest about the transmission of
    Scripture?

20
Sauls mistake
  • Fear at Gilgal (137f)
  • Pious cover up (1312)
  • Samuels rebuke (1313) if you had
  • Notion of possible futures everything fixed?

21
Story of Jonathan
  • The story (1 Sam 14) cliff climbing faith
  • Philistines defeatedHebrew mixed in (1421)
  • Sauls severity 1444
  • Irony
  • Will kill his own son (ego)
  • Will not kill Agag at Gods order (158)
  • Violate Sauls word death
  • Violate Gods word no big

22
God and Saul
  • What does Gods grief mean? (1511, 35)
  • Pious cover up (1515)
  • Right motives gt wrong actions
  • Long as your heart is right! Right??? Not
  • Gods desire (1522-23)
  • God and not changing His mind (1529)

23
David
  • Does God concoct a lie? (162)
  • Whole truth
  • Evil versus shrewdness
  • Gods focus on the heart 167
  • Spirit leaves Saul (1613f) Did he lose his
    salvation?
  • Does God send evil spirits on people (1614)

24
Davids victory-Goliath
25
Judah-Heartland
26
Davids Victory
  • Davids righteous anger (1726)
  • Sibling jealousy (1728)
  • Attribution of wrong motives
  • On defeating giants (1745-47)
  • Womens troublesome song Sauls insecurity
    (187)

27
Demise of Old leader
  • Saul attempts to kill David
  • Michal betrothal foreskins (1822f, 23, 25)
  • Spearing chucking (199, 11)
  • Jonathan warns David thats what friends are
    for (ch. 20)

28
Davids fleeing
29
Judah-Heartland
30
Davids fleeing
  • Nob (ch. 21) -- sword, food, priests slain
  • Gath insanity (2117f)sympathetic magic
  • Keilah deliverance (ch. 23)
  • Does God know things that never happen? (cf.
    1313 if Saul had...)
  • Does God know only what is or what is possible?
  • Does that leave some room for choice, freedom and
    variation? Isa. 4028

31
Nabal and Abigail
  • The story line and description of Abigail (1 Sam
    25)
  • On role of woman and foolish men
  • David goes to Philistine city of Ziklag

32
Davids sparing Saul
  • 1 Sam 243f dropping pants in cave
  • 1 Sam 269 stealing spear while sleeping
  • Davids respect for Gods anointed

33
Witch of Endor Sauls demise
  • Story line Final Battle in Jezreel Valley
  • Can witches really bring people back from the
    dead?
  • Are dead people aware of what is going on in this
    life? (2815ff)
  • Implicationsmulti-generational reflections
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