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Mobilization of Resources for Disaster Mitigation, Preparedness and Response

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for Disaster Mitigation, ... requires rapid and coordinated action at all levels WHO submits the request ... Covers disaster prevention to response A core ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mobilization of Resources for Disaster Mitigation, Preparedness and Response


1
Mobilization of Resources for Disaster
Mitigation, Preparedness and Response
A Special Case!
2
Why a Special Case?
  • Sources of financing are different

3
Why a Special Case?
  • Procedures are also different

4
Different Sources of Financing
  • Ministries of Foreign Affairs
  • Offices of humanitarian assistance
  • or other specialized channels

5
Different Sources of Financing
United States
  • Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance
    (OFDA/USAID)
  • Used to be the single source for emergency
    assistance and support for prevention/Mitigation/
    Preparedness (PMP)
  • A core donor for PAHO Member of the PHP

6
USA
  • Now the US Southern Command (SouthCom) has become
    a major source of funding and support for
    preparedness and relief.
  • Coordination with OFDA ?

7
Canada
Different Sources of Financing
  • IHA International Humanitarian Assistance
  • Part of CIDAs multilateral branch it
    cannot give funds bilaterally to countries!
  • Covers disaster prevention to response
  • A core donor for PAHO Member of the PHP

8
UK DFID/CHAD
  • CHAD is a specialized branch for refugees, IDP
    and emergencies of the Department for
    International Development
  • A core donor of PAHO Member of the PHP

9
European Union
Different Sources of Financing
  • ECHO European Community Humanitarian Office
  • A budget of US 0.8 billion!
  • Requires the signature of a formal Partnership
    Agreement with ECHO
  • Preference given to European NGOs

10
  • Managing ECHOs funds at country level requires
    an efficient organization-wide financial
    monitoring system.

ECHO
ECU
E U
11
Other examples
Different Sources of Financing
France
  • A Secretariat for Humanitarian Affairs
  • A humanitarian office in Foreign Affairs
  • The Department of Cooperation for projects on
    mitigation and preparedness

12
Other Examples
Norway
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs for response and
    preparedness
  • Normal NORAD mechanisms for prevention or
    mitigation projects hospital mitigation

13
What is the relevance of having different sources
of financing?
  • These funds are not available for other health
    priorities

14
Different Procedures
  • Fortunately, procedures for obtaining funds from
    these sources are much easier!
  • In most cases, there is a free format (ECHO used
    to be the only exception)
  • Increasingly, LFA is required for preparedness
    projects, but rarely for emergency assistance
    projects.

15
Different Procedures
  • The Emergency procedure is informal (a 2 page
    fax can bring a commitment of half a million
    dollars)
  • In cases of emergency
  • immediate request (within 24 hours!)
  • speedy execution (average 3 months)

16
How can funds be mobilized in times of emergency?
  • International appeals
  • Bilateral requests

17
(No Transcript)
18
Channels for International Appeals
  • Appeals by OCHA
  • The Situation Reports of OCHA offer the most
    convenient, speedy and complete approach
  • PAHO/WHO is responsible for the health content in
    OCHA situation reports.

19
Channels for International Appeals
Appeals by PAHO
  • enjoys high credibility abroad
  • reaches a smaller but selective number of donors
  • requires rapid and coordinated action at all
    levels

20
Channels for International Appeals
Appeals by WHO (EHA or EMC)
  • WHO submits the request through the missions in
    Geneva.

21
International Appeals
  • The U.N. consolidated appealA trend
    encouraged by the donors

22
Direct Bilateral Request
  • Requires more work initially, but reduces
    inappropriate or duplicative assistance
  • separate requests to each of the donors are
    preferred
  • a common diagnosis on the health situation
    (Ministry, PAHO, NGOs) is helpful...

23
  • Embassies are coordinating within the country
  • The embassy and the humanitarian office in the
    donor countrys capital city also talk together
  • Donors trust is built by
  • pre-disaster technical collaboration with Foreign
    Affairs
  • Convening donors meetings

24
Lessons Learned
Cuba (Hurricane Lily)
  • The international community did not fully
    participate in its evaluation
  • Official reports did not differentiate between
    damages and emergency requirements

25
Lessons Learned
Nicaragua (Hurricane)
  • Donors did not wait
  • Requests sent one week after the impact arrived
    too late !

26
Factors of success
  • The nature of the disaster and the of deaths
  • the coverage of Mass Media
  • The political status of the bilateral relation
  • The occurrence of other disaster worldwide

27
The main ingredients
  • SPEED
  • SPEED
  • SPEED

28
Conclusions
  • More administrative flexibility is required from
    PAHO and the Countries. It is essential to
    maintain or strengthen our dexterity and speed in
    the search for humanitarian funds.

Turbo-PAHO
29
  • SPEEDY REQUEST BUT NOT TOO MUCH!
  • THE CASE OF NICARAGUA

30
Conclusions
  • Decentralization by the donors imposes a closer
    coordination between MoH, Foreign Affairs and
    PAHO/WHO

31
Conclusions
  • Speed AND Coordination are the keywords in the
    mobilization of humanitarian funds
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