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Principles and Guidelines of

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Principles and Guidelines of Safety and Operational Behavior Pierantonios Papazoglou, Section Leader BSc, M.Eng, 6-sigma, NEBOSH, BLS, , PhD Cand. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Principles and Guidelines of


1
  • Principles and Guidelines of
  • Safety
  • and Operational Behavior

Pierantonios Papazoglou, Section Leader BSc,
M.Eng, 6-sigma, NEBOSH, BLS, ????, PhD Cand. NTUA
18 October 2011
2
  • ... ?? ???S...
  • .?? ??G??
  • Spoken and done (Herodotus)
  • Motto of the Hellenic
    Military Corps of Engineers

3
PRESENTATION OVERVIEW
  • Introduction
  • AbadMemory
  • Basic Concepts and Principles of Safety (for a
    Rescue Team)
  • Operational Behaviour
  • TEAM SAFETY and GUIDELINES
  • On thepractical side
  • Suggestions for further Study

4
A Bad Memory
5
A Bad Memory
6
A Bad Memory
7
A Bad Memory
8
A Bad Memory
9
  • ... ??T?O??S
  • ? ???T?O?
  • ? ??O??...
  • (Humanthe one who reflects upon and judges all
    he has seen)
  • Plato

10
Basic Concepts and Principles
  • Safety (operational)
  • the protection of Body, Mind and Psychology of
    Team Personnel from injury and/or illness and/or
    death, potentially caused by materials, processes
    or procedures and activities during Exercises or
    Operations.
  • The protection of the Teams
  • Materials and Means

11
Basic Concepts and Principles
  • Prevention
  • Prevention Principle ? Generating Concepts
  • Caution in Advance
  • Caution practised in the context of Uncertainty
  • Informed Prudence

12
Basic Concepts and Principles
  • Prevention
  • There is NO such thing as
  • Too Much Safety
  • If necessary measures are not taken, then there
    will be Inadequate Safety
  • No Regrets or Better Safe than Sorry approach

13
Hazards Categories (non anthropogenic)
Basic Concepts and Principles
  • Physical Mechanical
  • Biological
  • Chemical
  • Psychological
  • Environmental (e.g.natural disasters)

14
Few Examples
15
Physical Mechanical Hazards
  • Entry and Work in rubble, collapsed structures
  • Stairs, scaffoldings, etc
  • Load Transportation, Ergonomics, etc
  • Electrical Current and its applications
  • Use of internal combustion engines, motors, etc
  • Managing fuels
  • Tools, Power Tools, Pneumatics, Equipment

16
Biological Hazards
  • Work in places infested with rodents, animals,
    etc.
  • Some Countries abroad/ overseas ? illnesses
    /epidemics
  • Heat and Humidity / Frost
  • Working Area with Dead and Wounded

Chemical Dangers
  • Working Area where Chemical Substances have been
    released/ spilled
  • Paints, Tints, Oxidants, Dilutants, Varnishes,
    etc.
  • Fuels

17
Chemical Hazards (contd.)
  • Entry and Work in places with flammables and
    explosives (gas, methane, pressurized cylinders
    and tubes, unexploded munition)
  • Entry and Work in places with toxic or poisonous
    materials/substances (ammonia, carbon monoxide,
    hydrazine, sodium hydroxide, hydrochloric acid,
    hydrogen sulfide, etc)
  • Deficiency or Excess of Oxygen.
  • Radioactive materials
  • and/or radiation

18
Psychological Hazards
  • Closed / Confined Spaces
  • Altitude
  • Wounded / Dead ? Post Traumatic Rescuers Stress
    Disorder
  • Work under conditions of Panic
  • Public Unrest
  • Animals, reptiles, insects, rodents, etc.

19
Environmental Hazards
  • Work in the open (Frost / Heat)
  • Rain, Wind, Thunders, etc.
  • Flooded Areas
  • Work on Sea-side areas after earthquakes
    (tsunami)
  • Polluted Ground, Atmosphere

20
Anthropogenic Hazards!!!
  • Ignorance
  • Indifference
  • Noviceness / Lack of Experience
  • Recklessness(no prevention, prudence, etc.)
  • Little or No Theoretical and Practical Training/
    Education
  • Non-Application of Rules Guidelines Laws
  • Lack of Motivation Lack of Proper Command
  • No Discipline
  • Lack of Safety Culture

21
Safety Culture
  • The sum and product of individual and group
    Values, Attitudes, Perceptions, Competencies,
    Dexterities and Behaviors that determine the
    Commitment, the Style and the Proficiency and
    Professionalism regarding Operational Safety.
  • Remember
  • Volunteer Non Professional BUT with
    Professionalism, Education Training in all
    activities!

22
Safety Culture
  • We DO NOT have a good Safety Culture when
  • Fear of Responsibility (I am not the one to take
    care of that...)
  • Blame Culture
  • Strong-Headiness (I know better) and
    disrespect/ indiscipline (Who are you to tell
    me)
  • Overestimation of Capabilities / Knowledge (I
    know this, Ive done it before)
  • Macho-man attitude... yeah, right Im not
    wearing this stuff I dont need them How will I
    work comfortably? (especially for PPE)
  • Bad or No Communication and Information between
    individuals and teams/ sections
  • secrets back-stubbingsgossip

23
Operational Behavior
  • Guidelines Rules Mottos
  • ????ST?? ??TO? ?????? ???S??S??
  • First learn how to do it and then impose it as
    a Principle
  • Officers of all Ranks are responsible for
    maintaining Discipline, BUT firstly they are
    responsible to self-discipline and to set the
    Example.
  • Discipline within the Rescue Team is not
    perceived in the Military sense, HOWEVER
  • Respect to SOPs (Standard Operating Procedures)
    and Officers within the Team is most important
    because it guarantees Safety.

24
Safety Rules Guidelines
  • We ALL understand
  • that personal and team SAFETY is guaranteed by
    the items of our Gear and PPE (Personal
    Protective Equipment).
  • there is NO such thing as Too Much Safety ? no
    regrets and Better Safe than Sorry approach
    for Ourselves and our Colleague.

25
SAFETY RULES GUIDELINES
  • 1. Safety Officer
  • During Exercises and Operations there is always a
    Safety Officer present, who directly represents
    the Team Commander in his Safety-related
    decisions and orders.
  • has the undisputed Authority to interrupt,
    temporarily or permanently, part or all
    activities if needed due to Safety Reasons.

26
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27
SAFETY RULES GUIDELINES
  • 2. Work or Training Area
  • NOBODY is allowed in the Work or Training Area
    without the authorization of the Team Commander
    or Safety Officer

28
SAFETY RULES GUIDELINES
  • 3. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Anyone entering the Work or Training Area MUST
    wear all protective attire-clothes and bear all
    PPE and Gear, as well as Emergency Medical Kits

29
SAFETY RULES GUIDELINES
30
??????S ?SF?????S
  • 4. Safety Whistle-Sounds/Signals
  • The Safety Officer WARNS all participants with
    the following Sounds/Signals of the Whistle

One (1) Long Stop Activities and Await Orders.
One (1) Long and One (1) Short Continue Activities.
Three (3) Short continuous DANGER! EVACUATE towards Emergency Evacuation Area
31
SAFETY RULES GUIDELINES
5. PPE and GEAR
  • Gloves and Gauntlets
  • Single-Use Surgical Gloves
  • Knee Pads / Elbow Pads
  • Boots / Safety Shoes for toe, sole
  • and ankle protection
  • Knife / Multi-Tool
  • Hammer / Fire-Mans Axe
  • (e.g. American Type)
  • Shovel
  • Water Cans and Camel-Backs
  • Water Purification Tablets
  • Flashlights (Helmet and Portable) with extra
    batteries
  • Whistles and Laser Beamers
  • Lighter and Matches (impermeable)
  • PENCIL and pen
  • Compass / GPS (and map)
  • Walkie-Talkies, Cell-phones (chargers)
  • Helmet
  • Safety Goggles
  • Breathers / Facers
  • Masks Bandanas
  • Dust Filters
  • Breathing Devices
  • Earshields / Earplugs
  • Tooth Protection
  • Uniforms
  • Fire-Proof Uniforms
  • Anti-Corrosion and Chemical-Proof Suits
  • Belts and Pouches
  • Personal Emergency Medical Kit
  • Vests
  • Ropes and Tapes
  • Impermeables

32
EACH RESCUER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE PERSONAL AS
WELL AS THE TEAM SAFETY
33
Suggestions for Further Study
  • Course Material
  • Civil Defence Lefkosia Keryneia Notes and
    Materials
  • United Nations INSARAG Guidelines and
    Methodology
  • US Federal Emergency Management Agency - FEMA
  • MIAMI-DADE Collapsed Structure SAR Course
    Instructors Guide
  • NEBOSH Introduction to Health Safety
  • Field Operations Guides Hellenic Army 7-4,
    7-10, 7-12, 7-53, 10-30
  • Websites
  • http//www.who.int/en
  • http//www.fema.gov
  • http//www.osha.gov
  • http//www.cdc.gov/niosh
  • http//www.hse.gov.uk
  • http//www.nebosh.org.uk
  • http//www.nsc.org/Pages/Home.aspx
  • http//www.rapiduk.org.uk
  • http//www.ekeo.gr

34
  • ...aut Viam inveniam
  • aut faciam...
  • (either we find the road or we make it)
  • Hannibal the Carthagenian

35
  • because remember the road always has to
    lead back to this

36
  • But MOST of ALL.
  • THIS..

37
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38
CIVIL DEFENCELEFKOSIA KERYNEIA
39
  • Thank you for your attention your patience!

ppapazog_at_gmail.com
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