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Ibn Rushd on religious faith

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Ibn Rushd on religious faith & reason Ibn Rushd (Averroes): life & times ... Arabic Ibn Sina) had an immense influence on Western philosophers & theologians. . – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ibn Rushd on religious faith


1
Ibn Rushd on religious faith reason
  • Ibn Rushd (Averroes) life times
  • 1126-1198, known in the West as Averroes
  • Spanish Moslem, born in Cordova, Spain, lived
    his life there.
  • At the time, Cordova was one of the most civlized
    cities in Europe.
  • Was an Aristotelian through and through.

2
Ibn Rushd on religious faith reason
  • Defended Aristotle agains Moslem theologians,
    esp. Algazel (d.c. 1111) who wrote a treatise
    against Aristotle entitled, The Incoherence of
    the Philosophers.
  • Averroes responded with a treatise entitled, The
    Incoherence of the Incoherence.
  • Averroes together with Avicenna (980-1037, Arabic
    Ibn Sina) had an immense influence on Western
    philosophers theologians. .

3
Ibn Rushd on religious faith reason
  • Beginning in the early 1100s, the writings of the
    Greeks Arabs began to be translated available
    to the West. Immensely important. Opened up a
    whole new world to the West.
  • By the 13th century, the writings of Averroes
    became available to Western philosophers. His
    influence was so great that Aquinas often refers
    to him simply as The Commentator.

4
Ibn Rushd on religious faith reason
  • Selection from On the Harmony of Religions and
    Philosophy, in Peterson et al, pp. 71 ff.
  • Begins with a prayer
  • Issue discussed in the essay Is the study of
    philosophy allowed by the Law (Quran)?
  • Averroes Not only is it permitted, one is
    obligated to study philosophy.
  • Averroes use of philosophy here.
  • Why? Because such study is the the door . . .
    which leads to the truest knowledge of Him (74).

5
Ibn Rushd on religious faith reason
  • One ought to come to such studies with religious
    integrity and moral virtue (74).
  • One ought to use the most perfect type of
    reasoning in studying philosophy.
  • Demonstrative reasoning. Meaning for Averroes?
  • Truths arrived at by philosophy and those found
    in scripture cannot clash.
  • What if the apparent meaning of scripture clashes
    with philosophy?

6
Ibn Rushd on religious faith reason
  • This is a clue which indicates that we ought to
    interpret the scripture allegorically
    (metaphorically).
  • Thus not all of the passages of scripture can be
    taken in their apparent meaning.
  • Why has scripture been revealed with both an
    apparent meaning and an inner meaning?
  • Averroes Because of the diversity of peoples
    ability to understand.

7
Ibn Rushd on religious faith reason
  • What if the philosopher makes an error?
  • Averroes An error made by a qualified judge is
    excused by God.
  • Comments and criticisms
  • Remarkable similarity to ideas of Aquinas (may
    have been borrowed) and Galileo (doubtful that he
    knew about Averroes)
  • Problems with the ideal of demonstrative
    knowledge
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