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MANUAL HANDLING

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MANUAL HANDLING Course Content Introduction Statistics Law Anatomy & Injuries Biomechanics Principles of Safe Handling What is Manual Handling? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MANUAL HANDLING


1
  • MANUAL HANDLING

2
Course Content
  • Introduction
  • Statistics
  • Law
  • Anatomy Injuries
  • Biomechanics
  • Principles of Safe Handling

3
What is Manual Handling?
  • Any transporting or supporting of a load
    (including the lifting, putting down, pushing,
    pulling, carrying or moving thereof) by hand or
    bodily force.

4
Anybody hurt?
5
Accident Statistics
6
2 Systems of Law
Criminal
Concerns Offences against the state.
Purpose of the action To preserve order in the community by punishment and deterrent.
Burden of proof. The prosecutor must prove his case beyond a reasonable doubt.
Sanctions Imprisonment, Fine, probation, community service.
Civil
Disputes between private individuals.
To remedy the wrong which has been suffered.
Balance of probabilities.
Damages (compensation).
7
Anatomy Injuries
  • Spine - 3 main functions.
  • To protect the spinal cord
  • To allow movement.
  • To support the upper body.

8
Anatomy Injuries.
  • Vertebrae

9
Anatomy Injuries.
  • Ligaments
  • Muscles tendons
  • Nerves

10
Types of Injury.
  • Cumulative
  • Sudden

11
Injury Causation Process.
Excessive loads
Repetitive tasks
Awkward postures
Static postures
12
Anatomy Injuries.
13
Causes of Injury.
  • Excessive weights
  • Static Muscle work.
  • Repetition of tasks.
  • Degeneration of discs.
  • Ballistic movements.
  • Individual concerns.
  • Duration of task.

Awkward postures
14
Biomechanics.Centre of Gravity.
  • Centre of gravity
  • Line of gravity

15
Biomechanics.Levers.
16
Biomechanics.Base of Support.
1 1 1
1 1 1 1 8 8
1
17
Biomechanics.
  • Asymmetry
  • Lopsided
  • Ballistic movements
  • Speed
  • Force and resistance to movement
  • Shopping trolley
  • Human movement
  • Normal is not always safe
  • End range joint movement
  • Squatting
  • Static muscle work
  • Holding a pint glass

18
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • If Manual Handling Operations cannot be avoided
    then apply the principles of safe handling
  • Assess
  • Plan
  • Prepare
  • Perform

19
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Assess
  • Load
  • Weight
  • Shape
  • Size
  • Handles
  • Packaging
  • Stability
  • Contents
  • Assess
  • Task
  • Posture
  • Frequency
  • Duration
  • Intensity
  • Pacing
  • Team Handling
  • Rewards

20
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Assess
  • Individual
  • Strength
  • Height
  • Pregnancy
  • Health
  • Training
  • Experience
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Assess
  • Environment
  • Space constraints
  • Floor condition and levels
  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Ventilation
  • Lighting
  • Noise
  • Housekeeping

21
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Plan
  • Route.
  • Consider start and end points.
  • Are there doors or steps on the route?
  • Any obstructions to be cleared?
  • Are there vehicles or other persons to be aware
    of?
  • Plan
  • Task
  • Consider the most appropriate postures.
  • Is there mechanical equipment available?
  • Is there anybody that can help?
  • Is PPE being worn correctly?

22
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Prepare
  • Yourself.
  • Get a good grip of the load.
  • Use PPE when necessary.
  • Prepare
  • Load
  • Can the load be split?
  • Make the load stable.
  • Pack shifting contents tightly.
  • Evenly distribute contents.
  • Keep the centre of gravity of the load close to
    you.
  • Cover sharp abrasive edges.
  • Prepare
  • Area
  • Clear area of obstacles.
  • Warn people.
  • Check destination.
  • Ensure good lighting.
  • Check housekeeping.

23
Principles of Safe Handling.
  • Perform
  • Apply principles of biomechanics to reduce the
    loading on the spine
  • Keep a wide base of support.
  • Maintain the lumbar curve (low back) as much as
    possible.
  • Brace yourself
  • Get a good grip.
  • Position feet in direction of travel.
  • Use smooth controlled movements.
  • Use friction to minimise force.
  • Try to avoid twisting and stooping.
  • Use team lifting where appropriate.

24
Conclusions.
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