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Chicken Pox

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In person s who have had chickenpox, the virus can cause shingles later in life. Are You Sure You Wanna Know? Positive??? Ok, You Asked For It! – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chicken Pox


1
It feels like a fever. Or maybe a cold. When you
look in the mirror and see spots you know its
not a game of connect-the-dots. Its
Chicken Pox
By Ari Jenn
2
Chicken Pox a.k.a Varicella
Occurs primarily in children, although adults who
are not immune can contract it. It is quite
contagious and is spread by breathing in infected
respiratory droplets or unprotected direct
contact with the rash when it has ruptured. In
persons who have had chickenpox, the virus can
cause shingles later in life.
3
Itchy and Scratchy
  • The best known symptom of chickenpox is the
    itchy, red rash that breaks out on the face,
    scalp, chest, back, and sometimes arms and legs.
    The rash usually appears about 2 weeks after
    exposure to the virus and begins as superficial
    spots.
  • The spots quickly fill with a clear fluid,
    rupture, and turn crusty. The scabs then fall
    off in a week or two. The rash continues to
    break out for the first 1 to 5 days, so spots at
    various stages of development may be present at
    the same time. Chickenpox seldom lasts for more
    than 2 weeks, from the appearance of the first
    rash to the disappearance of the last one. A
    secondary infection of the ruptured rash by
    bacteria may cause high fever and skin scarring.

4
SoWhat Do These Pox Look Like??
5
Are You Sure You Wanna Know?
Positive???
Ok, You Asked For It!
6
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7
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8
Treatment
  • Isolate the diseased until the rash crusts.
  • Keep skin clean by frequent baths or, once the
    fever has subsided, showers. Cool, wet
    compresses or tepid water baths help to relieve
    itching. Complications are treated according to
    symptoms Secondary bacterial pneumonia is
    treated with antibiotics.
  • Antihistamines may be used to help relieve the
    itching.
  • Acyclovir is used for severe Varicella infections
    involving the lungs or the brain and in persons
    with a depressed immune system.

9
Prevention
  • Children between 12 and 18 months should receive
    a dose of chickenpox vaccine, Varicella-zoster
    immune globulin. Now, more than 20 states have
    passed legislation requiring the chickenpox
    vaccine for child care and school entry. Healthy
    children older than 13, and adults who have no
    history of chickenpox and have never been
    immunized against the disease, should also
    consider receiving the vaccine.

10
Autosomal Issue
  • If a pregnant woman contracts chickenpox during
    the first or second trimester, there is a small
    risk that her child will be born with a
    congenital malformation. When a pregnant woman
    contracts the disease within 5 days of delivery,
    there is a high risk of the newborn having
    serious disease.

11
Common Medication
PrameGel and Polysoporin may be used to rub on
pox to help decrease the itchiness.
Benedryl is used to control fever and cold-like
symptons while Aveeno bath treatment also helps
alleviate that nasty, unbearable itch.
12
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