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Veterinary Science

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Veterinary Science Safety & Sanitation Why is the knowledge of safety & sanitation important in veterinary medicine? Potentially hazardous situations working with ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Veterinary Science


1
Veterinary Science
  • Safety Sanitation

2
Why is the knowledge of safety sanitation
important in veterinary medicine?
  • Potentially hazardous situations working with
    animals
  • Hazardous chemicals, animal wastes x-rays

3
OSHA
  • Occupational Health and Safety Administration
    (OSHA)
  • Regulates monitors employee safety in the work
    place
  • Developed guidelines Hazard Communication
    Standard (HCS)
  • Right to know
  • MSDS

4
MSDSMaterial Safety Data Sheet
  • Includes 8 sections
  • Manufacturer Information
  • Hazard Ingredients/ Identity Information
  • Physical/ Chemical Characteristics
  • Fire and Explosion Hazard Data
  • Reactivity Data
  • Health Hazard Data
  • Precautions for Safe Handling and Use
  • Control Measures

5
MSDSMaterial Safety Data Sheet
  • Manufacturers must provide one for every chemical
  • Employers must provide training
  • Hazards of specific chemicals
  • Use of protective clothing
  • How to use MSDS

6
Physical Hazards
  • Most common type of injury in vet hospital
  • Animal injuries bites, kicking, scratches
  • Back injuries improperly lifting heavy objects
    or animals
  • Falls on wet floors
  • Exposure to x-rays
  • Wear proper clothing footwear, learn animal
    behavior, handling restraint techniques.

7
Chemical Hazards
  • Drugs
  • Cleaning agents
  • Insecticides
  • Anesthetic gases
  • Many are used routinely
  • Can cause damage to skin, eyes, lungs
  • Some may cause abortions and/or fetal
    abnormalities

8
Biological hazards
  • Living tissue and organisms
  • Blood
  • Urine
  • Live vaccines
  • Medical waste that has had contact with living
    tissue (urine soaked blankets, bandage material,
    etc.)
  • Needles and scalpels Sharps

9
Biological hazards
  • Medical wastes must be sterilized, incinerated,
    or chemically disinfected before they are
    disposed of.
  • Gloves protective clothing should be worn when
    handling biohazards

10
Zoonotic hazards
  • Any disease that can be passed from animals to
    humans
  • Viruses, bacteria, parasites fungi can cause
    zoonotic diseases

11
Zoonotic hazards
  • Viruses
  • Rabies (Hydrophobia)
  • Sleeping Sickness (Encephalitis)
  • Bacteria
  • Cat Scratch Fever
  • Leptospirosis
  • Salmonellosis
  • Brucellosis
  • Anthrax
  • Tuberculosis
  • Parasites
  • Sarcoptic mange
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Visceral Larva Migrans (Toxocariasis)
  • Creeping Eruption (Ancylostomiasis)
  • Fungus
  • Ringworm

12
Preventing spread of diseases
  • Vaccinate animals humans
  • Proper waste disposal
  • Isolate infected animals
  • Proper handling of infected animals
  • Proper sanitation of hospital
  • Hand washing
  • Wearing protective clothing

13
Safety signs equipment
Radioactive
Danger
Biohazard
Wet Floor
Dosimeter
Lead Gloves
Lead Apron
Back Brace
14
Drug Use and safety
  • 1970 Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention
    Control Act
  • Title II Controlled Substances Act
  • Regulate the manufacture distribution of drugs
  • Must keep drugs in a locked container that only
    approved people have access to
  • Daily Log

15
Drug Schedules
  • Schedule I no medical use high abuse
  • Heroin, Methaqualone, LSD, Peyote, Psilocybin,
    Marijuana, Hashish, Hash Oil, amphetamine
    variants.
  • Schedule II accepted medical use high abuse
  • Dilaudid, Demerol, Methadone, Cocaine, PCP,
    Morphine, and cannabis, amphetamine and
    barbiturate types.
  • Schedule III accepted medical use medium abuse
  • Opium, Vicodan, Tylenol w/codine, and narcotic,
    amphetamine and barbiturate types.
  • Schedule IV accepted medical use low abuse
  • Darvocet, Xanax, Valium, Halcyon, Ambien, Ativan,
    barbiturate types.
  • Schedule V accepted medical use very low abuse
  • Lomotil, Phenergan, liquid suspensions.

16
Types of Sanitation
  • Sanitation-process of keeping something free of
    any elements that would endanger health.
  • Cleaning physically removing all visible signs
    of dirt and organic matter such as feces, blood,
    hair, etc.
  • Disinfecting destroying most microorganisms on
    nonliving things by physical or chemical means

17
Types of Sanitation
  • Sterilizing destroying ALL microorganisms and
    viruses on an object using chemicals and/or heat
    under pressure
  • Antiseptics solutions that destroy
    microorganisms or inhibit their growth on living
    tissue

18
Commonly Used chemicals
  • Alcohols ethyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol,
    ethanol
  • Aldehydes gluteraldehyde, formaldehyde
  • Chlorine bleach
  • Iodine and Iodophors Betadine, iodine
  • Quaternary ammonias Centrimide, Quatsyl-D

19
Alcohol
  • Effective against gram positive gram negative
    bacteria
  • Irritating to tissues

20
ALdehydes
  • Effective against gram positive negative
    bacteria, fungi most viruses
  • Irritating toxic to tissues

21
Chlorine
  • Effective against gram positive negative
    bacteria, fungi most viruses
  • Irritating toxic to tissues
  • Cheapest, most effective chemical disinfectant

22
Iodine Iodophors
  • Effective against gram positive negative
    bacteria fungi
  • Stains irritates tissues

23
Quaternary Ammonias
  • Effective against gram positive negative
    bacteria, some fungi some viruses
  • Deodorizes

24
Methods of Sanitation
  • Physical cleaning using a chemical with a mop
    or sponge
  • Cold sterilization soaking items in a
    disinfectant chemical until they are used
  • Dry heat incinerating an object or exposing it
    to flame
  • Radiation using ultraviolet or gamma rays,
    expensive dangerous
  • Filtration removing particles from the air
    using a physical barrier
  • Ultrasound passing high frequency sound waves
    through a solution to create a vibration that
    scrubs an object to remove debris
  • Autoclave a sealed chamber in which objects are
    exposed to heat and steam under pressure
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