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Joseph Stalin

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Left family to work in Tiflis, Georgia when Joseph was 5. Died in 1890 ... 1921 He initiated the brutal reconquest of independent Georgia. Stalin Gains Power ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Joseph Stalin


1
Joseph Stalin
2
Stalins Birth
  • Gori, Georgia
  • December 21, 1879
  • Iosif Vissarionovich Dzugashvili
  • Father was a shoemaker
  • Mother was a housekeeper

3
Josephs Father
  • An abusive alcoholic
  • Left family to work in Tiflis, Georgia when
    Joseph was 5
  • Died in 1890

4
Stalins Mother
  • Yekaterina
  • Deeply religious
  • Wanted Joseph to be a priest
  • Worked hard to pay for Josephs school

5
Childhood
  • Father abused Joseph
  • After his father left, Joseph and Yekaterina
    lived with a priest
  • Enrolled in Orthodox parochial school in 1888.

6
Stalin as a Priest
  • 1894 got scholarship to seminary
  • Got highest marks on behavior and grades
  • In his fourth year, he joined Mesame Dasi
  • Expelled from seminary

7
Revolutionary Apprentice
  • Joined Social Democratic Party in 1901
  • Did full-time revolutionary work
  • 1905 Served as party organizer
  • Met Lenin at conference in Finland

8
Exile
  • December 1911 Stalin was exiled to Vologda.
  • January 1912 broke away from party and met in
    Prague
  • Lenin co-opted Stalin into government
  • March 1912 Stalin escaped from exile and went to
    St. Petersburg

9
Return to Exile
  • 1913 Stalin and Lenin met in Vienna to write
    Marxism and the National Problem
  • March 7, 1913 After he returned to St.
    Petersburg, Stalin was arrested.
  • While in Siberia, he changed his name to Stalin
    (man of steel)

10
Czar Loses Power
  • The Czars abdication on March 15, 1917 led to
    great social and political chaos
  • Stalin and Lenin agreed that they should
    overthrow the temporary Russian government
  • Both urged seizure of power at party debates, but
    neither had a role in organizing the insurrection
    itself

11
Early Soviet Regime
  • Held cabinet post of commissar for nationalities
    for the next five years
  • Served in different positions during the civil
    war
  • Acting inspector general of the Red Army and as a
    political commissar.
  • 1921 He initiated the brutal reconquest of
    independent Georgia.

12
Stalin Gains Power
  • Lenin died in 1924
  • 1925 Stalin got rid of Trotsky
  • 1926 ousted Kamenev and Zinviev
  • Got rid of the rest of the cabinet
  • 1928 Almost had total control

13
Stalins Politics
  • Deportation and execution of kulaks
  • Forced entrance of peasants into collective farms
  • Nationalization of all industry and commerce
  • Execution and deportation of those who opposed
    his plans

14
Stalins Dictatorship
  • Dissatisfaction may have led to secret plot to
    replace Stalin with Sergei Kirov
  • December 1934 Kirov was murdered
  • Stalin executed almost entire political and
    military elite
  • Millions of Soviet citizens were forced into
    labor camps

15
World War II
  • Stalin took comand of Soviet forces
  • Ordered brilliant counter-offensives at Moscow,
    Stalingrad, and Kursk.
  • Arranged for lend-lease from the Western Powers

16
Post-War USSR
  • Stalin almost completely restored the pre-war
    system
  • Molded occupied countries in the Stalinist image
    and placed under Moscows control

17
Stalins End
  • 1952 Stalin began preparing for old leadership
    ways
  • He met with stout resistance
  • Before he could begin his old ways, Stalin died
    of a brain hemorrhage on March 5, 1953, in Moscow
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