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Family Systems Therapy

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Dr. Jay Haley. Dr. Cloe' Madanes (Haley) Basic Assumption. Serve a purpose ... Strategic Family Therapy: Jay Haley. Focus is on solving problems in the present ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Family Systems Therapy


1
Family Systems Therapy
  • Dr. Alfred Adler
  • Dr. Murray Bowen
  • Dr. Virginia Satir
  • Dr. Carl Whitaker
  • Dr. Salvador Minuchin
  • Dr. Jay Haley
  • Dr. Cloe Madanes (Haley)

2
Basic Assumption
  • Serve a purpose for the family
  • Conflict
  • Be a function of the familys inability to
    operate productively
  • The Cause
  • Be handed down across generations

3
Primary Goal of Therapy
  • To bring about change in the family system, which
    is assumed to produce change in the individual
    members of that family unit

4
Adlerian Family Therapy
  • Basic Assumption Both parents and children
    become stuck in repetitive negative interactions,
    which become motivators for the type of behavior
    displayed by the entire family
  • EX Arguing, Tobacco Alcohol Use, Trouble with
    authority, etc

5
Family Power Authority
Decision Maker
F
F
Decision Maker
P
P
2
1
2
3
1
3
2
TYPICAL
DYSFUNCTIONAL
6
Role of Therapist
  • The role of the therapist is that of a
    Collaborator who actually seeks to join the
    family unit

7
Goals of Adlerian Family Therapy
  • Unlock mistaken goals and interactional patterns
  • Engage parents in a learning experience and joint
    assessment
  • Of the family
  • Place emphasis on the familys motivational
    patterns
  • What makes them tick
  • To initiate a reorientation of the family
  • Teach them new ways

8
Multi-Generational Family Therapy Murray Bowen
  • Bowen the original developer of mainstream family
    therapy
  • A family can be best understood when it is
    analyzed from at least a three-generational
    perspective

9
Basic Concept of Differentiation of Self
Triangulation
  • Differentiation of Self
  • The psychological separation of intellect and
    emotion and independence of self from others
  • Triangulation
  • Eliciting the support of a third party to lessen
    emotional tension between other family members

Central To Therapy Model
10
Multi-Generational Goals
  • To change the individuals within the system
  • To end generation-to-generation transmission of
    problems by resolving emotional attachment
  • To lessen anxiety and relieve symptoms
  • To increase the individual members level of
    differentiation

11
Human Validation Process Model Virginia Satir
The model is called Con-Joint Family Therapy
  • Her approach emphasizes
  • Communication
  • Emotional Experiencing
  • And, stresses the involvement of the therapist
    with a family

12
Validation Process
  • Enhancement and validation of self-esteem
  • Family Rules
  • Congruence and openness in communication
  • Sculpting
  • Nurturing Triads
  • Family Mapping and Chronologies

13
Goals of Conjoint Therapy
  • Open Communication
  • Individuals are allowed to honestly report their
    perceptions
  • Enhancement of Self-Esteem
  • Family decisions are based on individual needs
  • Encouragement of Growth
  • Differences are acknowledged
  • Transforming extreme rules into useful and
    functional rules
  • Families have many spoken and unspoken rules

14
Experiential Family Therapy Carl Whitaker
This approach stresses
  • Choice
  • Freedom
  • Self-Determination
  • Growth
  • Self-Actualization

15
Therapist Emphasis
  • Unmask pretense, create new meaning, and liberate
    family members
  • Techniques are secondary
  • Creates family turmoil

16
Phases of Family Therapy
  • Engagement
  • Involvement
  • Disentanglement

17
Goals of Experiential Family Therapy
  • Individual autonomy
  • Achieve more intimacy
  • Encourage free expression
  • Promote spontaneity, creativity, the ability to
    play, and the willingness to be Crazy

18
Structural Family Therapy Salvador Minuchin
  • An approach to understanding the nature of the
    family, the presenting problem, and the process
    of change
  • An approach that stresses action over insight

19
Family Structure
  • Basic Family
  • Family Sub-Systems
  • Spousal sub-system
  • Mother/father sub-system
  • Sibling sub-system
  • Extended family sub-system

20
Strategic Family Therapy Jay Haley
  • Focus is on solving problems in the present
  • Therapy is brief
  • Therapist designs strategies
  • Change results when family follows therapist
    directions

21
Goals of Therapy
  • Resolve presenting problem
  • Change Behavior
  • Shift family organization
  • Move family toward an appropriate stage of
    development
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