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THE ARCHITECTURE OF FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT

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Austere structure and florid ornamentation: Structure and ornamentation separated but sympathetic to each other. Wright's Ideas and Ideals ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE ARCHITECTURE OF FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT


1
THE ARCHITECTURE OF FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT
2
Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright The
Conception and Making of an American
Architecture The Chicago phenomenon. The tall
building and the detached house. Organic
Architecture. The Prairie Style.
3
Louis Sullivan Auditorium Building, Chicago (1887)
4
William Le Baron Jenney Home Insurance Company
Building, Chicago, 1883
Sullivan, Wainwright Building, St. Louis, 1890
5
Sullivan and Organic Architecture Form Follows
Function
Louis Sullivan Wainwright Building, St. Louis
(1890)
6
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7
Austere structure and florid ornamentation Struct
ure and ornamentation separated but sympathetic
to each other.
Louis Sullivan Guaranty Building, Buffalo (1895)
8
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9
Wrights Ideas and Ideals Nature and
Civilization as sources. Critical of the
Renaissance and the Classical. Nature as the only
available foundation/value in a secular
age. Civilization allows the human free
imagination and creation. Formal syntax to be
derived from nature (Conventionalization). Orga
nicism and love of the land Abstract form to
echo the shapes and dominant rhythms of the
landscape in which building is set. Organic
Architecture Fit to site and natural environment
(Wright), Analogue of the vitality of nature
(Sullivan). Oscillation between classical order
and vitality of asymmetrical form. No dichotomy
between architecture and ornament, between
structure and design, and between whole and
parts.
10
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11
Winslow House, River Forest, Illinois, 1893
12
Wright House, Oak Park
13
Frank Lloyd Wright and the Prairie Style Freely
spreading ground plan Interweaving of exterior
and interior Opening up of one room into
another Predominant horizontals Long window
bands Low profile of roof and boundary walls
integrated to site
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18
Idea of Conventionalization of Nature The
highest form of art is not to make something
look real (as in nature) but the representation
of it in pure geometric forms.
19
Martin House, Oak Park
20
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21
Martin House, Buffalo, 1904
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23
Robie House, Chicago, 1908
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Barnsdall House, Los Angeles, 1916
Barnsda
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29
Ennis House, Los Angeles, 1923
30
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Falling Water, Bear Run, Pennyslvania, 1935
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Larkin Building, Buffalo, New York, 1904
35
Unity Temple, Chicago, 1905
36
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38
Johnson Wax Office Building, Racine, Wisconsin,
1936
39
Taliesin West, Arizona, 1938
40
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41
Orthodox Church, Wamautosa, Wisconsin
Guggenheim Museum, New York City, 1943
42
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