ASBESTOS RISK MANAGEMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 48
About This Presentation
Title:

ASBESTOS RISK MANAGEMENT

Description:

To provide information on changes to the law on asbestos which introduce the ... Fire and burglar alarm installers. General maintenance staff. Electricians. Plumbers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:186
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 49
Provided by: alarmsc
Category:

less

Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: ASBESTOS RISK MANAGEMENT


1
ASBESTOS RISK MANAGEMENT
  • John Blackburn
  • Health Safety Executive

2
Objective
  • To provide information on changes to the law on
    asbestos which introduce the duty to manage
    asbestos in commercial premises.

3
How?
  • Review the situation so far and explain why the
    change in the law is needed
  • Describe what dutyholders will have to do
  • Outline who has duties under the new Regulations

4
The Problem
  • Over 3,000 people die each year from
    asbestos-related diseases
  • Between 1950s and 1970s asbestos used extensively
    in UK as building materials
  • Thousands of tonnes of asbestos still remaining
    in buildings
  • Over 1.5 million commercial premises contain
    asbestos

5
The Problem (cont.)
  • 25 of people now dying from asbestos-related
    diseases once worked in the building trades
  • Pre 1998 Asbestos Regulations were aimed at those
    working in asbestos factories and for asbestos
    removers
  • The Regulations did not cover those people who
    could come into contact with asbestos accidentally

6
Who are these people?
  • Heating and ventilation engineers
  • Roofing contractors
  • Fire and burglar alarm installers
  • General maintenance staff
  • Electricians
  • Plumbers

7
Who are these people? (cont)
  • Carpenters and joiners
  • Plasterers
  • Gas fitters
  • Surveyors
  • Demolition workers
  • Painters and decorators

8
What type of buildings may contain asbestos?
  • Answerany type (pre-2000) offices shops facto
    ries farms hospitals domestic premises etc.

9
Where is the asbestos in buildings?
  • Asbestos was rarely used in its refined / raw
    state.
  • Asbestos was used to increase the performance of
    manufacturing materials and products.
  • Asbestos is present in building materials (ACMs
    asbestos containing materials).

10
Properties of asbestos
  • Is a fibrous silicate mineral which
  • is a good thermal insulator
  • is stable at high temperatures
  • is a good electrical insulator
  • has high tensile strength
  • has long flexible fibres
  • does not degrade.

11
Some main types of asbestos containing materials
(ACMs).
  • Asbestos cement
  • Sprayed coatings and laggings
  • Insulating board and tiles
  • Textiles
  • Paper, felts and cardboard
  • Various reinforced building products and coatings

12
Asbestos cement
13
Sprayed asbestos
14
Sprayed asbestos
15
Lagging
16
Asbestos insulating board
17
Asbestos insulating board
18
Asbestos textiles
19
Paper products
20
Other productscomposites
21
Other productsflooring and felt
22
Regulatory control of asbestos
  • Asbestos Regulations 1969
  • Asbestos (Licensing) Regulations 1983
  • Asbestos (Prohibitions) Regulations 1985,1992 and
    1999
  • Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 1987

23
A piece of the jigsaw was missing
  • Contractors not aware that they were working on
    materials containing asbestos
  • No one was managing the risk from asbestos in
    premises

24
Options considered
  • Removal of all asbestos containing materials from
    premises
  • Introduction of a single duty to survey for
    asbestos
  • Introduction of a new regulation to manage the
    risk from asbestos

25
Remove all the asbestos? No
  • Asbestos can serve a useful purpose e.g. fire
    protection. If in good condition, and in a
    position where it will not be disturbed, it poses
    no risk
  • Removal would be prohibitively expensive
  • Disposal of waste would generate immediate
    problems
  • Removing asbestos creates an additional
    unnecessary risk for removers

26
A single duty to survey? No
  • Only a possible first step. Resources better
    spent on managing the risk
  • Practical difficulties e.g. who would undertake
    the surveys and who would pay?
  • Survey information goes out of date
  • The condition of asbestos-containing materials
    deteriorates

27
A new duty to manage risk? Yes
  • Introduce it as a new regulation in the Control
    of Asbestos at Work Regulations 2002
  • Focus on a duty to manage the risks from asbestos
    in premises
  • Introduce a new Approved Code of Practice to back
    up the regulation and provide guidance to the
    designated duty holders

28
Who will have the duty?
  • Employers occupying non-domestic premises in
    which persons work
  • Other bodies who may have duties under contracts
    for maintenance, eg owners, managing agents
  • Those responsible for common parts in domestic
    rented housing sector

29
What does the dutyholder have to do?
  • Find out if and where asbestos is present, how
    much there is and in what condition
  • Presume unknown material is asbestos unless there
    is strong evidence that it is not
  • Make and keep a record of ACMs or presumed ACMs

30
What does the dutyholder have to do? (cont)
  • Assess the risk from the ACMs
  • Prepare a detailed written plan on how to manage
    the risk
  • Take the steps needed to implement the plan
  • Review and monitor
  • Inform all who need to know of the location and
    condition of ACMs

31
Find out if asbestos is present
  • Take reasonable steps to identify asbestos
    containing materials in a building by
  • looking at building plans etc.
  • carrying out a thorough search of the premises
  • consulting others e.g. architects, employees

32
Presume asbestos unless certain
  • Options include
  • establish identity by sampling or
  • presume asbestos or
  • conclude its not asbestos (requires strong
    evidence)
  • Cost implications for each approach

33
Surveying
  • Employing Competent Persons
  • evidence of training and experience
  • confirm work to be carried out in accordance with
    MDHS 100
  • evidence of suitable liability insurance
  • employed by accredited organisation
  • individual surveyor certified

34
Make and keep a record
  • Prepare a record of the location and condition of
    the ACMs in a suitable format
  • Needs to be a living document reviewed and
    updated regularly

35
Assess the risk from ACMs
  • Where is the ACM located, what type is it and how
    much of it is there?
  • Is it likely to be disturbed, by whom and to what
    extent?
  • What condition is it in now?

36
Assess the risk from the ACMs (cont)
  • Use guidance in ACOP and HSG booklet to assess
    the risks and prioritise actions
  • If asbestos in good condition and
    unlikely to be disturbed
  • leave it in place and
  • introduce a management system
  • If asbestos in poor condition
  • seal it or enclose it or
  • remove it using licensed contractors

37
Write a plan to manage the risk
  • Plan will need to prioritise the need for any
    remedial work
  • Detail the arrangements for managing remaining
    ACMs including identifying personnel to oversee
    the plan
  • Consider the best option to deal with risks

38
Implement the plan
  • Consider the options to deal with the risks
  • Carry out remedial work needed
  • Update record of asbestos and any priority list

39
Review and monitor
  • Check the condition of ACMs on a regular basis
    or if there is change in the premises
  • Monitor the procedures and plan to ensure both
    are relevant
  • Check that arrangements are working and that
    people are fully aware of what they should be
    doing

40
Pass on the information
  • This is the most important part
  • Can be done in a number of ways, by labelling,
    instruction, permit to work.
  • Consider all who might need the information
    especially service personnel, employees,
    maintenance contractors, emergency services

41
Who is the duty holder?
  • Main duty is on the employer in occupation of
    non-domestic premises if in control of
    maintenance activities
  • Other duty is on those who have duties to
    maintain or repair premises by virtue of contract
    or tenancy to enable employer to comply with duty

42
Who has the duty?
  • Owners, managing agents and others
  • Extent of duty determined by degree of control
    over matters concerning the fabric of building
  • May need to
  • carry out assessment, share information on
    asbestos in premises, collaborate in plan,
    provide information on location/condition of
    ACMs, pay

43
For example
  • Owners renting out workplaces
  • Shared responsibility between owner
    and
    occupier for premises
  • Responsibilities shared between many parties

44
Supporting guidance
  • An Approved Code of Practice will give guidance
    on methods for
  • identifying asbestos
  • maintaining a register of asbestos
  • assessing the risk
  • preparing a management plan
  • setting up suitable admin. systems

45
Supporting guidance (cont)
  • MDHS 100 offers guidance to those carrying out
    surveys, including
  • how to survey workplace premises for ACMs
  • how to recognise and sample suspected ACMs and
  • assessing the potential risks presented by the
    materials due to their condition
  • how to record results of survey

46
Supporting guidance (cont.)
  • Video "How are you Today?"
  • Free leaflet introducing the new duty
    (INDG223(REV2))
  • Guidance following in HSG series

47
Supporting guidance (cont)
  • Asbestos Essentials - two part guidance
  • Introduction to Asbestos Essentials
  • duty to manage asbestos
  • good work practices
  • appropriate equipment
  • Asbestos Essentials Task Manual
  • for building workers
  • practical guidance on how 25 tasks can be
    performed safely

48
KEY MESSAGES OF CAMPAIGN
  • Asbestos is a major killer
  • The risks from it have to be managed
  • Prepare now for the regulations introduction
  • A bad survey is worse than no survey at all
  • Dont panic if asbestos is in good condition
    and is unlikely to be disturbed, leave it in place
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
About PowerShow.com