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Kingdoms in Africa

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Kingdoms in Africa. 750BCE 1586 BC. Second largest continent; 1 ... Animals for Gladiators. Christianity. Arab armies will bring Islam. Importance of Camels ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Kingdoms in Africa


1
Kingdoms in Africa
  • 750BCE 1586 BC

2
  • Second largest continent 1/5th lands surface
  • Various climates
  • Savanna grassy plain
  • Deserts Sahara worlds largest
  • Natural resources

3
Movement
  • Large coastline Few harbors
  • Interior high plateau
  • Rivers turn into rapids as approach the coast
  • Red Sea linked with M.E.
  • North / Med.

4
People Sahara
  • Paleolithic people nomadic hunters
  • Once a well-watered zone
  • Neolithic farmers
  • Desertification spreading of the desert
  • Slash and burn
  • People migrate South

5
Civilizations
  • Great Rift Valley
  • Home of earliest people
  • Decedents all over the world
  • Leakey found bone pieces in Tanzania
  • Lucy in Ethiopia

6
Bantu
  • Language
  • Roots back to Bantu
  • Changed with migrations

7
Nubia / Kush
  • Present day Sudan
  • Egyptian traditions
  • Conquered Egypt for a short period of time
  • Capital in Meroe
  • Rich in iron
  • Traded with Med M.E.

8
North Africa
  • Carthage Empire
  • (Rome crushed) Influence
  • Trade continued
  • Cities and Public Works in North Africa
  • Animals for Gladiators
  • Christianity
  • Arab armies will bring Islam

9
Importance of Camels
  • Able to cross desert for more trade
  • GOLD AND SALT
  • Gold in Timbuktu (sits on Niger River)/Salt in
    Taghaza
  • Salt a commodity necessity

10
Ghana Land of Gold
  • Sits on a v of Niger and Senegal Rivers
  • King controlled Gold and Salt trade
  • Collected tolls
  • Islam traditions moved in
  • Language, coins, architecture
  • Eventually overshadowed by kingdom of Mali

11
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12
Mansa Musa
  • Mansa Kings
  • 1312
  • Expanded boarders to Atlantic Ocean
  • Converted to Islam
  • Worked to restore peace

13
Other Kingdoms in West Africa
  • Songhai largest
  • Hausa (Nigeria)
  • Clay walled cities
  • Benin
  • Bronze and brass sculptures

14
East Africa
  • Nubia (Ethiopia) Diffusion with Greek, Roman,
    Indian,
  • Christian while rest of Africa is converting to
    Islam
  • Isolated
  • Saw themselves as a Christian outpost

15
  • Nubia (Ethiopia) trade with India
  • Figured out Monsoons could carry ships to India
    in the summer and back to Africa in the winter

16
  • Benin Sculptures later showed Portuguese
    merchants
  • Looking for route to India
  • At first Benin benefited
  • Later opened door to slave trade with Europeans

17
Effects
  • Countless men and women disappeared
  • Small states disappeared
  • New African states arose some it was a way of
    life and income

18
  • Trade opened up Cultural Diffusion occurred
    (Spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from
    one to another
  • New Language
  • The Swahili language, is basically of Bantu
    (African) origin. It has borrowed words from
    other languages such as Arabic probably as a
    result of the Swahili people using the Quran
    written in Arabic for spiritual guidance as
    Muslims.

19
Government
  • Power usually shared rather than in hands of a
    single leader

20
Family
  • Nuclear parents and children living and working
    together
  • An individuals place in society was also
    determined by a system of age grades
  • Girls and boys born in the same year
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