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National Conference on Agriculture

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Title: National Conference on Agriculture


1
National Conference on Agriculture For Rabi
Campaign 2005-06
Govt. of Uttar Pradesh
2
  • Uttar Pradesh at a glance
  • Geographical Area 242-02 Lakh ha.
  • Divisions 17
  • Districts 70
  • Tehsils 303
  • Development Blocks 812
  • Nyay Panchayats 8135
  • Gram Panchayats 52028
  • Revenue Villages 1-09 Lakh
  • Population 16-61 Crore
  • Literacy 57-36

3
Agro Climatic Zones in U.P.
Tarai Western Plain Central Western Plain South
Western Semi Arid Plain

Central Plain Bundelkhand North Eastern
Plain Eastern Plain Vindhyan Area
4
Classification of Farmers on the Basis of Land
Holdings
5
Classification of Farmers on the Basis of Land
Holdings
6
Land Use
(Area in lakh ha.)
  • Reported area - 242.02
  • Net cultivated area - 168.12
  • Area sown more than once - 86.35
  • Forest - 16.89
  • Sodic - 5.92
  • Gross Cropped area - 254.47
  • Rabi - 126.59
  • Kharif - 120.23
  • Zaid - 7.35

7
Contribution of U.P. in Agricultural Production
of India
(Lakh m.t.)
8
Weather Scenario 2005-06
  • Monsoon in U.P. generally arrives on 15th June
    but this year it delayed by 10 days.
  • 15 districts received below normal rainfall
    during July 2005.
  • Rainfall unequally distributed .
  • 55 percent rainfall received in August
    September till date.
  • In July rained more than normal but the monsoon
    was very weak from 20th July to 20th August.

9
Rainfall Pattern - 2005
With ref. to Normal
10
Status of Kharif Crops
Crops 2004-05 2004-05 2005-06 2005-06 2005-06
Crops Area (Lakh ha) Produ. (Lakh tonnes) Area (Lakh ha) Area (Lakh ha)
Crops Area (Lakh ha) Produ. (Lakh tonnes) Target Achievement
Rice 53.37 95.50 59.30 57.71
Maize 7.76 11.95 10.00 9.96
Jowar 2.47 2.52 2.80 2.99
Bajra 7.98 12.24 8.30 8.41
Coarse Cereals 0.25 0.08 0.30 0.35
Urd 4.77 1.77 4.80 5.13
Moong 0.32 0.09 0.35 0.37
Arhar 3.87 3.80 4.10 4.35
G.Nut 0.85 0.69 1.30 1.25
Soyabean 0.07 2.03 0.25 0.21
Til 1.02 0.17 1.59 1.55
Total 82.73 130.84 92.97 92.16
11
CROPWISE STATUS- RABI
2004-05
2005-06
Crop Area (000 ha) Production (000 tonnes) Area (000 ha) Production (000 tonnes)
Crop Achievement Achievement Target Target
Cereals Wheat Barley Maize 9000 205 88 22514 412 250 9000 240 100 30050 580 330
Total Cereals 9293 23176 9340 30960
Contd
12
CROPWISE STATUS- RABI
2004-05
2005-06
Crop Area (000 ha) Production (000 tonnes) Area (000 ha) Production (000 tonnes)
Crop Achievement Achievement Target Target
Pulses Gram Peas Arhar Lentil 739 444 387 613 672 576 380 501 900 450 410 650 1070 630 600 640
Total Pulses 2183 2129 2410 2940
Total Food grains 11476 25305 11750 33900
Oilseeds Rapeseed/Mustard Linseed 597 30 801 33 1000 60 1420 65
Total Oilseeds 627 834 1060 1485
Grand Total 12103 24139 12810 35385
13
Agenda Item-1
Status of Funds Received from G.O.I. (Rs. in
Lakh)
Sl. No. Name of Scheme Administrative Approval by G.O.I. (Central Share) Funds Release during the year Expenditure upto 31-8-05 of expenditure
1 Macro Management of Agriculture 5440.00 4349.40 1228.80 28.25
2 ISOPOM 1065.00 1000.10 372.58 37.25
3 Cotton development foundation seed of cotton 60.35 61.35 9.02 14.70
4 Timely Reporting Scheme 64.50 32.25 23.64 73.30
5 Improvement of Crop Statistics 89.00 44.50 30.18 67.82
Total 6718.85 5487.90 1664.22 30.32
14
State Of Readiness For Additional Funds During
2005-06
Agenda Item-2
(Rs. in Lakh)
S. N. Name of Scheme Required fund for 2005-06 Available fund Additional requirement
1- N.W.D.P.R.A. 1850.00 850.00 1000.00
2- Flood Prone Gomti 1490.00 1190.00 300.00
3- Krishni River Project 500.00 200.00 300.00
4- On Farm Water Management 2484.00 1734.00 750.00
5- Ramganga Project 335.00 155.00 180.00
Total 6659.00 4129.00 2530.00
15
Progress in Seed Production
Agenda Item-3
  • State had envisaged to achieve 20 SRR by 2007
    which is going to be achieved in Rabi 2005 -06
    itself.
  • SRR enhanced from 13 in 2001-02 to 18.11 in
    2004-05.
  • Steps taken to improve SRR are -
  • 20.99 lakh quintal certified quality seeds
    will be made available against the seed plan of
    20.72 lakh quintal in the current season.
  • Area under cultivation at Govt. farms shall be
    raised from 4300 ha. to 5000 ha.
  • UP Seed Development Corporation has proposed its
    Rabi target raised from 7 lakh q. (2004-05) to
    8.86 lakh q.(2005-06). (an increase of 26)
  • 10112 private seed dealers contribute about 60
    of the total seed distribution in the state,
    their share is targeted to be increased by 10
  • Production of 50807 q. foundation seed from
    breeder seed and 26210 q. from F-1 seed during
    current Rabi.
  • In Rabi 2005-06 43057 q. foundation seeds will be
    required-the availability is, 77455 q. Surplus
    will be utilised for seed distribution
    demonstrations.

16
Balanced Use of Fertilizer/ Implementation of
INM/IPM.
Agenda Item-3 Contd..
  • NPK ratio improved from 25.6 7.7 1. to 13 4
    1 in 2004-05 . It is targeted to be narrowed
    down to the level of 9.6 4.13 1 in Rabi
    2005-06.
  • In Kharif 2005 the State utilized Urea 19.52 lakh
    mt.,DAP 3.74 lakh mt. MOP 0.72 lakh mt.
  • For Rabi State requires Urea 27.0 lakh mt.,DAP
    10.50 lakh mt., MOP 1.50 lakh mt NPK 5.00 lakh
    mt.
  • Per ha. fertilizer consumption (in terms of NPK)
    to be increased from 134.93 kg. in 2004-05 to 139
    kg per ha. in 2005-06.
  • IPM modules for 32 crops developed and being
    popularized through field demonstrations in 1006
    villages in 2005-06.
  • In a bid to discourage the use of Chemical
    pesticides, government sector has enhanced the
    quantum of purchase of bio-agents/ bio-pesticides.

17
Credit Flow
18
Steps Taken To Improve Productivity
Agenda Item-4
  • Advancement of sowing, particularly wheat by 15
    days. Presently 51 sowing by 30th Nov., 96 upto
    Dec. end and remaining in January.
  • 75 sowing targeted to be completed by Nov. end.
    and 100 by 15th Dec.
  • 60,000 NADEP and Vermi compost units to be
    developed with farmers contribution. Subsidy
    will not be allowed to be a limiting factor in
    this regard.
  • Distribution of Bio-fertilizer (especially PSB)
    raised from 2.50 lakh packets to 25 lakh packets
    by involving cooperative and private sectors.
  • Additional quantities of 2 lakhs m.t. DAP 1
    lakh m.t. MOP arranged.
  • Availability of 1.65 lakh q. of additional seed
    in Rabi 2005-06 as compared to Rabi 04-05.

Contd
19
Steps Taken Contd
  • Ensuring availability of certified/quality seeds
    at sale points by Oct 31st, 2005.
  • Ensuring availability of irrigation water in
    Canal systems and keeping state tube wells
    functional.
  • Fertilizers particularly DAP arranged in required
    quantity by October.
  • Massive campaign for timely sowing of crops to
    avoid adverse effect of climate change.
  • Stress on zero tillage practice to avoid delayed
    sowing particularly in Wheat.
  • Use of Bio-agents in seed treatment and emphasis
    on PSB/Rhizobium culture in pulse crops.

20
Progress on APMC amendment
Agenda Item-5
  • Board of Mandi Parishad has passed the proposal
    for amendment on 23-07-2005.
  • The proposal is under active consideration of the
    state cabinet and a decision is expected shortly.

21
Readiness to implementNational Horticulture
Mission
Agenda Item-6
  • National Horticulture Mission (NHM) launched to
    double the production of horticultural crops by
    2012.
  • Executive Council and District Mission Committees
    formed (registered under societies act 21, 1860
    on 7-9-2005).
  • Projects costing Rs.111.12 crores sanctioned.

contd.
22
State of Readiness to implement ATMA Related
Programmes
Agenda Item-6 Contd..
  • Decision taken to form ATMA in all 70 Districts.
  • 44 districts supported by GOI rest 26 Districts
    will be covered by States own resources.
  • Principal Secretary, Agriculture, Govt. of U.P.
    designated as State Nodal Officer.
  • State Institute of Management of Agriculture,
    Rehmankhera has been identified as SAMETI.
  • Two day workshop has been organized to orient the
    field level officers.
  • G.O. issued for forming State level, district
    level and block level committees.
  • Training of resource person completed.
  • Master trainers training scheduled.

23
Status of Quarantine Facilities in the State
Agenda Item-7
  • Quarantine facility is presently available at
    Varanasi (Airport) in the State.
  • National Quarantine Lab at Faridabad is also
    providing services in this regard.
  • Keeping in view the potential for export of
    basmati rice, flowers, mango etc., quarantine
    stations are required in the State.
  • Establishment of two quarantine labs are under
    consideration at Sonauli and Rupaidiha.
  • At present office of CIPM, GOI is also functional
    at Lucknow which can be equipped to perform as a
    quarantine lab.

24
Agenda Item-8
Suggestions For Improving Rabi Production
Need for Dedicated High Resolution Remote Sensing
Satellite in Agriculture Sector.
  • For land use mapping
  • To monitor crop coverage.
  • Monitoring of crop condition
  • Yield Estimation.
  • Estimation of losses due to adverse weather
    conditions/ disease, pest incidence.
  • Evaluation of Drainage as well as irrigation
    network.

Budgetary allocation shows down ward trend in
Agriculture Sector at G.O.I. level. Hon'ble Union
Agriculture Minister has also expressed his
anxiety over the issue.
25
Suggestions Contd.
Long term price policy for D.A.P. is required
(valid for minimum 3 years). In case of any
shortage, direct import should be resorted to.
Budgetary resources under Accelerated Irrigation
Benefits Programme (AIBP) would shrink further as
States are ill- equipped to raise the necessary
resources for this scheme (70 loan 30 grant)
from the open market as is now GOIs direction.
In On farm water management scheme for eastern
U.P., 104243 nos. tubewells have been constructed
so far. It is indicated that the scheme is to be
discontinued from 2006-07 which will adversely
affect the crop production of eastern U.P.
Minimum support price recommended by Govt. of
U.P. is not accepted by GOI which adversely
affects the interest of farmers.
26
New Initiatives by Govt. of U.P.
  • Private agencies/input providers being jointly
    involved in dissemination of technology along
    with DOA.
  • In each district a private agency being
    recognized as Lead Extension Agency (LEA)
  • LEA to become member of ATMA be an integral
    part of the core team responsible for preparing
    SREP.
  • Joint implementation of extension programmes such
    as demonstrations, field days, exposure visits
    etc. covering all the Nyay Panchayats uniformly.
  • About 50 thousand input dealers being empowered
    through training under the programme From
    Vikreta to Visheshagya.
  • DoA officials/experts to participate in dealers
    orientation/ training programmes organized by the
    input companies.
  • Technical know-how of input dealers to be
    upgraded by involving them in field days, crop
    seminars, goshthies etc.

Contd...
27
New Initiatives by Govt. of U.P. Contd
  • To strengthen PPP, a high power committee under
    the
  • chairmanship of Principal Secretary, Agriculture,
    U.P. formed. The committee is represented by
    officials of DoA, SAUs and Private Agencies .
  • Rural growth centers are being promoted with
    the help of private sector intervention (e.g.
    ITC, Tata Chemicals, Cargill etc.) .
  • 1750 e-chaupals setup in State by ITC.
    Besides, 300 farmers technology dissemination
    centers have also been setup in the form of Tata
    Kisan Sansar, Hariyali, Sathi by Tata Chemicals,
    Sriram Group, Cargill, respectively.
  • About 30 budget is quantified for women farmers.

28
New Initiatives by Govt. of U.P. Contd
  • Bhoomi Sena Yojana
  • Bhoomi Sena Yojana has been launched (entirely
    through own resources of Govt. of U.P.) from 2005
    for the reclamation of problem lands like usar,
    ravenous, water logged areas and renovation of
    ponds.
  • Major Objectives -
  • To reclaim usar, ravine and water logged lands
    for crop production, horticulture, agro-forestry,
    aromatic crops etc., through different soil and
    water conservation methods.
  • To identify Bhoomi-Sainiks and provide them
    assured employment of 100 days in soil
    conservation works, canal construction and
    desiltation works and in natural calamities.
  • Bhoomi Sainiks will comprise of landless
    agricultural labourers, new/old land allottees
    and BPL small marginal farmers.

29
New Initiatives by Govt. of U.P. Contd
  • All the 70 Districts Covered
  • Project Period from 2005-06 to 2007-08
  • Project Outlay Rs. 99.37 Crores
  • Area covered-

(in ha.)
1 Usar Reclamation 16000
2 Ravine land Reclamation 34000
3 Development of wasteland 5000
4 Renovation of ponds 1000
5 Reclamation of water logged areas 44000
Total 100000
30
A Major Issue
Impact of Decision of Tehri Dam Authorities to
fill up the reservoir for the first time
Oct/Nov.2005
  • Diversion of water from River Ganga to Tehri Dam
    Reservoir will restrict availability of water in
    Ganga Canal Systems during Rabi 2005-06.
  • 11 districts will be affected due to short supply
    of water in upper Ganga canal system including
    Agra canal system during Jan. to March, 06.
  • 10 districts in the command area of lower Ganga
    canal system will face shortage of water during
    Nov.05 to March, 06.
  • However measure initiative by agriculture
    department to reduce the adverse effect of
    limited water supply by propagating alternate
    less water intensive varieties like for Wheat-
    Raj 3765, PVW 373, UP 2425, PBW 533, Indra,
    Malviya 234 etc., Mustered Pulses along with
    appropriate technology for cropping under limited
    water availability e.g. switchover from wheat to
    mustered.

31
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