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Benefits of Integrated Waste Management Facilities

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Title: Benefits of Integrated Waste Management Facilities


1
Benefits of Integrated Waste Management Facilities
2
Overview
Benefits of Integrated Waste Management Facilities
  • The Challenge
  • Options
  • A Solution
  • Benefits of an Integrated Facility
  • Examples
  • The Next Step

Sources AECOM
3
The Challenge
  • Waste Generation
  • Total MSW Generation
  • Increasing
  • Per Capita MSW Generation
  • Stable, but Increasing Population
  • Plastics
  • Continues to Increase
  • Especially in the U.S.

Sources United State Environmental Protection
Agency and www.greenpeace.org
4
The Challenge
A Global Perspective
  • The Gyre (jahyuh r)
  • A vast swath of the Pacific, twice the size
    of Texas, is full of a plastic stew that is
    entering the food chain. Scientists say these
    toxins are causing wildlife obesity,
    infertility...and worse.

Source www.mnn.com
5
The Challenge
The Global Perspective - The Gyre
Accumulation of Plastic
Source www.dailygalaxy.com
6
The Challenge
Reduced Demand for Recycled Materials
  • Even Trash has become worthless…
  • China now has more garbage than it can digest.
    Do we really need Americas junk, too?

Chinas Big Recycling Market Is Sagging -- New
York Time, March 2009
Source New York Times
7
Options
Waste Hierarchy
8
Options
  • Waste Minimization

Reuse
Reduce
Recycle
9
Options
  • Material and Energy Recovery
  • Biological/Chemical
  • Ex. Anaerobic Digestion, Composting, Catalytic
    Cracking
  • Thermal
  • Ex. Advanced Thermal, Plasma Arc Gasification,
    Pyrolysis
  • Physical
  • Ex. Densification,
  • Separation

Source AECOM (Sheffield, UK) and Keppel-Seghers
10
Options
Landfill Expansion and Waste-by-Rail
Source AECOM and Los Angeles County Sanitation
District
11
Options
Integration of the Waste Hierarchy Layers
  • Process Integration, Not Segregation …

Sources Science in a Box, PG and United States
Environmental Protection Agency - 2002
12
Options
Waste Hierarchy Each Layer has it own
Challenges …
  • Example Challenges with each Waste Hierarchy
    Layer
  • Human Behavior (Habits) ? Reduce
  • Lack of Education/Experience ? Reuse
  • Limited Economic Incentives ? Recycle
  • Technology Development ? Material Recovery
  • Public Perception ? Energy Recovery

Source www.cne-siar.gov.uk
13
A Solution
Integrated Solid Waste Management
  • Coordinated System of Integrated Processes
  • First ? R3
  • Waste Minimization
  • Second ? Recovery
  • Inputs
  • Products
  • Outputs

Source Science in a Box, PG
14
A Solution
  • Waste Minimization Priority 1
  • Develop Incentive Programs and Actions to Support
    the R3
  • Promote Reduced Consumption
  • Reward Reuse of Products, Equipment, and
    Materials
  • Create Demand for Recycled Materials and Market

Source rnrplastics.com
15
A Solution
  • Resource Management
  • Material Recovery
  • Institute Incentive Programs and Provide
    Regulatory Clarity
  • Create Market for By- Products Vitrified Ash and
    Fuels (ex. CNG ethanol)
  • Recover Energy
  • Practical Use of Proven Effective Clean
    Technologies
  • Public Outreach and Communication
  • Disposal
  • Maximize Diversion from Landfills
  • Utilize State-of-the-Art Construction, Monitoring
    and Landfill Gas Collection Techniques

CH4
16
Benefits of an Integrated Facility
  • What is an Integrated Solid Waste Management
    Facility?
  • Combines Various Layers of Waste Hierarchy

Recycling and Material Recovery
Organics
Conversion
Source Northampton, UK and Minnesota PCA
17
Benefits of an Integrated Waste Management
Facility
  • Specific Advantages
  • Efficient Energy Use
  • Processes each waste stream with an appropriate
    technology
  • Flexibility to Adapt with Changing Conditions
  • Adjusts to Market and Seasonal Fluctuations
  • Modifies Process based on Waste Stream Variation
  • More CleanTech Jobs
  • Various Marketable By-Products
  • Produces Valuable Materials Compost, Aggregate,
    Metals
  • GHG Emission Reduction
  • Eliminates need for transportation to multiple
    facilities
  • Separates organics from thermal treatment
    processes

18
Benefits of an Integrated Facility
  • Examples of Integrated MSW Facilities
  • Separate Facilities that are Integrated (Madrid,
    Spain)
  • Integrated Organics Facility (Isle of Lewis,
    Scotland)
  • Integrated Waste Management Center (Doha, Qatar)
  • Completely Integrated Facility (Marseille,
    France)
  • Proposed Local Integrated Facility (Los Angeles,
    California)

Feasibility Study Integrated Waste Management
Facility 3,000 tpd (Hong Kong)
19
Landfill F.Ash 28,000 t/y
Landfill F.Ash 28,000 t/y
Source Urbaser
20
Source Urbaser
21
Western Isles - Integrated Waste Management
Facility Isle of Lewis, Scotland
  • Hybrid Mechanical Biological Treatment
  • Inputs Biosolids, Mixed Organics and Residual
    Waste
  • Outputs Compost/Soil Conditioner and Electricity
  • Capacity 21,000 tpy
  • Energy 2,000 MWh/yr

Source AECOM
22
Integrate Waste Management Center Doha, Qatar
  • Integrated MSW Facility
  • Inputs Municipal Solid Waste
  • Outputs Recyclables, Compost, Aggregate and
    Electricity
  • Capacity 1,500 tpd
  • Energy 180,000 MWh/yr

Source KeppelSeghers
23
MSW Treatment Center
Marseille (France)
WASTE
TREATMENT
Client Communaut
é
Urbaine Marseille Provence
Client Communaut
Urbaine Marseille Provence
Capacity
Capacity
Metropole
Metropole
Services
Waste
Services
Waste
(Mg/y)
(Mg/y)
Start Contract / Construction01/06/2005
Start Contract / Construction01/06/2005
Start Operation 01/09/2008
Start Operation 01/09/2008
MBT
-
Sorting
361,000
MSW
MBT
-
Sorting
361,000
MSW
End Contract 01/06/2028
End Contract 01/06/2028
MBT
-
Composting
50,000
MSW
MBT
-
Composting
50,000
MSW
Concessionary URBASER VALORGA
Concessionary URBASER VALORGA
Thermal Process
W
-
to
-
E
300,000
RDF
300,000
RDF
MBT
-
Anaer. Dig.
.
MBT
-
Anaer. Dig.
.
111,200
Organic Fr
111,200
Organic Fr
Total Inputs 391,200 t/y
Bottom Ashes Treat.
67,348
Bottom Ash
Bottom Ash Treat.
67,348
Bottom Ash
Refuse Separate
Household Waste
Sludge
Production Gas
5.47
Hm
3
/ year
Production Gas
5.47
Hm
3
/ year
Refuse Separate
Household Waste
Organic fraction
Sludge
Organic Fraction
Collection
361,000 t/y
22,000 t/y
Collection
361,000 t/y
4,200 t/y
22,000 t/y
4,200 t/y
4,000 t/y
4,000 t/y
Electric Power
2
MW
Electric Power
2
MW
Integrated Waste Treatment Plant
Electric Power
Electric Power
Flying Ashes
Compost
Recyclables
Fly Ash
Compost
Recyclables
6.2
6.2
3.4
3.4
4.7
4.7
13,122 t/y
24,164 t/y
18,452 TMBD
35.8
35.8
13,122 t/y
24,164 t/y
18,452 TMBD
MW
MW
To Landfill
Bottom Ash
17.2
17.2
5.7
5.7
22,279 t/y
67,348 t/y
Source Urbaser
24
Benefits of an Integrated Facility
  • Los Angeles Thermal Organic Park (LA TOP)

Composting
Anaerobic Digestion
  • Max. Capacity
  • 1,600 tpd
  • Energy
  • 500 MWh/d
  • Treatment
  • Recovery
  • Organics
  • Thermal (ATR and Gasification)

Advanced Thermal Treatment
Sorting and Separation
25
Next Step
Contact Travis Taylor AECOM Ph.
562.951.2275 travistaylor_at_aecom.com
  • Where do we go from here…
  • Learn from Global Experience
  • Educate and Listen to Stakeholders
  • Create Consistent Regulatory Standards
  • Adapt and Upgrade as Technologies becomes
    Available (Improvement)
  • Start Now … No Time to Waste

Source MBT-Sorting and Anaerobic Digestion in
Romainville, France (in construction)
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