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Ancient Rome - Regents Review

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... Life in the Golden Age Rome was largest city in the ancient world Extravagant entertainment Prosperity through trade and population expansion After the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Rome - Regents Review


1
Roman Empire Constantine Christianity
2
The Roman Empire 27 BCE - 476 CE
3
Augustus CaesarRomes First Emperor
4
Political Power Expansion
Augustus Caesar gathered all political power
into his hands as the first Emperor of Rome
5
After Augustus who rules? Problem of Succession
6
Caesar Augustus
  • Succession
  • No male heir
  • Adopted nephew, Tiberius
  • Smooth transition of leadership
  • Stable leadership despite inept emperors
  • Tiberius took the title "emperor" and all
    successors did the same
  • Succession was a problem for the entire time of
    the empire

7
Principal Roman Emperors
8
The Golden Age (100-180AD)
  • Life in the Golden Age
  • Rome was largest city in the ancient world
  • Extravagant entertainment
  • Prosperity through trade and population expansion
  • After the Golden Age
  • Good and bad emperors
  • Unsuited for governance
  • Many boy emperors

Gladiator
9
Model of City of Rome
10
Roman City Characteristics
  • Types of Common Buildings
  • Coliseum
  • Race Track Circus Maximus
  • Public Baths
  • Amphitheaters

11
Innovative Engineering Techniques
1. Roads 2. Arches and Bridges 3. Aqueducts
12
All roads lead to Rome!
13
Roman Aqueducts allowed for growth of populations
in Roman Cities
14
Pax Romana 27 BCE 180 CE
15
The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire 14 CE
16
Third Century Disaster
  • Near collapse of the empire
  • Military-oriented emperors
  • Threat from consolidated Germans
  • 24 emperors and 24 claimants/usurpers
  • 45 killed by assassination (usually by their own
    troops)
  • 1 died in battle
  • 1 died in captivity
  • 1 died of plague
  • Name of a Caesar reflects self-importance

17
Spread of Christianity St. Paul and the
Apostles Established Churches
18
Christians used Imperial Roman Roads / Trade
Routes to Spread Christianity
19
The Spread of Christianity Roman Roads/Trade
Network
20
Constantine strengthens Eastern Roman Empire but
weakened Western Roman Empire
21
Constantine Moves Capitol to Constantinople
Weakens West
22
Constantine
  • Constantinople
  • Built on Byzantium site
  • Acceptance of Christianity
  • Edict of Milan
  • Eliminated religious persecution
  • Supported Christian religions
  • St. Helena, churches
  • Supported pagan religions
  • Coins, inscriptions, built temples
  • Nicaean council (325 AD)
  • Sought to unify doctrine
  • Used imperial troops to suppress dissent among
    Christians (Donatists)
  • Conversion or unity?

23
Constantine becomes a Christian Issues Edict of
Milan Religious Freedom for all Christians
24
Constantinople The 2nd Rome (Capital of
Byzantine Empire)
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