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Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egypt One of the first great civilizations Life in Ancient Egypt Life centered around the Nile river Yearly floods brought nutrients to the soil The river was ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Egypt


1
Ancient Egypt
  • One of the first great civilizations

2
Life in Ancient Egypt
  • Life centered around the Nile river
  • Yearly floods brought nutrients to the soil
  • The river was a main route of travel

3
Social Pyramid of Egypt
  • Pharaoh
  • Upper Class
  • Royal Family, Government Officials, Army
    Officers, Priests, Landowners, and Doctors
  • Middle Class
  • Merchants, Manufacturers, and Artisans
  • Lower Class
  • Unskilled Laborers and Farmers
  • Slaves and Servants

4
Egyptian Religion
  • Polytheism
  • About 2000
  • gods goddesses
  • Amon-Ra
  • Osiris
  • Horis
  • Death and Funerals
  • Three souls ka, ba, and akh
  • Embalming
  • Burial Tombs

5
Union of Two Crowns
  • Red Crown
  • Upper Egypt
  • White Crown
  • Lower Egypt
  • Menes
  • Overthrew the king of Lower Egypt
  • Wore a Double Crown
  • Unification
  • Joining of separate parts into one whole

6
Egypts Economy
  • Pharaoh was at the center of the economy
  • Based upon Agriculture
  • Pharaoh took taxes on the crops that were grown,
    and goods that were made
  • Goods were bartered or traded for other needed
    goods

7
A System of Writing
  • Hieroglyphics
  • Used to keep record
  • Scribes
  • Record keepers
  • Original Accountants
  • Papyrus
  • Paper made from plants
  • Rosetta Stone
  • Transcribed Hieroglyphics, Greek, and Demotic

8
Building the Pyramids
  • Built as tombs for the Pharaohs
  • Afterlife
  • Housed everything needed for the Paraoh
  • Khufus pyramid
  • Total number of blocks
  • 2,300,000
  • One blocks average weight
  • 2.5 tons
  • Number of blocks added each day
  • 285

9
Children in Egypt
  • RICH
  • Children of Pharaoh
  • swam in palace pools
  • Learned their parents trade
  • Spun tops, and played games
  • POOR
  • Swam in canals
  • Worked alongside their parents
  • Little time to play
  • Daily chores

10
Credits
  • Websites
  • http//www2.sptimes.com/Egypt/EgyptCredit.4.3.html
  • http//www.sxc.hu/browse.phtml
  • Text
  • Banks, James A. , Gloria Contreras, Jean Craven,
    and Gloria Ladson-Billings. World Adventures in
    Time and Place. New York Mc Graw-Hill, 1999.
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