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Active vs. Passive Voice

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Active vs. Passive Voice Active vs. Passive Voice A sentence is written in the active voice ... (passive) Active voice does not mean present tense verbs Future ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Active vs. Passive Voice


1
Active vs. Passive Voice
2
Active vs. Passive Voice
  • A sentence is written in the active voice when
  • The subject of the sentence performs the action.
  • The person/thing performing the action is named
    before the verb.
  • EXAMPLE
  • My grandfather took me to my first horse show.
  • NOT I was taken to my first horse show by my
    grandfather.

3
Another example
  • Active voice
  • My mother taught me to fish almost before I
    learned to walk.
  • Passive voice
  • I was taught to fish by my mother almost before
    I was taught to walk.

4
Active voice sentences
  • When you write in the active voice, sentences are
    typically shorter and clearer.
  • They sound more conversational.
  • If each word costs you a nickel, you want to
    write concisely and in the active voice!

5
Active voice does not mean present tense verbs
  • Present tense
  • The clerk opens the mail. (active)
  • The mail is opened by the clerk. (passive)
  • Past tense
  • The clerk opened the mail. (active)
  • The mail was opened by the clerk. (passive)

6
Active voice does not mean present tense verbs
  • Future tense
  • The clerk will open the mail. (active)
  • The mail will be opened by the clerk. (passive)
  • Present Perfect tense
  • The clerk has opened the mail. (active)
  • The mail has been opened by the clerk. (passive)

7
Active voice does not mean present tense verbs
  • Past Perfect tense
  • The clerk had opened the mail. (active)
  • The mail had been opened by the clerk. (passive)
  • Future Perfect tense
  • The clerk will have opened the mail. (active)
  • The mail will have been opened by the clerk.
    (passive)

8
Now Lets Practice- change to passive voice.
  • He sings a song.
  • The boy killed a spider.
  • Farmers sow maize in the rainy season.
  • The workers were digging a canal.

9
Practice- change from passive to active.
  • Marlon Byrd of the Chicago Cubs was knocked down
    by Alfredo Aceves with a hard, inside fastball.
  • The cashier was commended by the branch manager
    for her tactful handling of an irate customer.

10
On your own
  • Crosswalk Coach book- turn to Lesson 22 on page
    186.
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