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The Passive Voice ( By C. Alp

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The Passive Voice ( By C. Alp zar N.) http://www.e-grammar.org/passive-voice/ ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Passive Voice ( By C. Alp


1
The Passive Voice ( By C. Alpízar
N.) http//www.e-grammar.org/passive-voice/
2
Characteristics It is used in formal (academic,
scientific) readings and writings. It is rarely
used when speaking. It can be used, but it is not
as common as in readings or formal writings.
3
Components 1. a transitive verb (allows a direct
object) 2. a subject 3. a direct object (or a
by agent) 4. the preposition by (not all the
time) 5. the verb be as an auxiliary 6. a past
participle
4
Simple Present Active John writes articles for
La Nación every day. John subject writes
transitive verb articles direct object
5
Simple Present Passive Articles are written by
John every day for La Nación. Articles new
subject are written auxiliary be in present
past participle by John By agent (not always
necessary / present in a sentence)
6
Important Note John writes articles singular
subject Articles are written by John plural
subject.
7
On-line Exercises Simple Present Passive
http//www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/ex
ercises?simple-present http//www.englisch-hilfe
n.de/en/exercises/active_passive/sentences_simple_
present.htm
8
Simple Past Active Mozart composed the
opera The Magic Flute in 1773. Mozart
subject composed transitive verb the
opera The Magic Flute direct object
9
Simple Past Passive The opera The Magic Flute
was composed by Mozart in 1773. The opera The
Magic Flute new subject was composed
auxiliary be in past past participle by
Mozart By agent (not always necessary /
present in a sentence)
10
Important Note Mozart composed many symphonies
singular subject Many symphonies were composed
by Mozart plural subject
11
On-line Exercises Simple Past Passive
http//www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/ex
ercises?simple-past http//www.englisch-hilfen.
de/en/exercises/active_passive/sentences_simple_pa
st.htm
12
Present Continuous Active Researchers are
launching () a new rocket today. Researchers
subject are launching transitive verb a new
rocket direct object () initiate
13
Present Continuous Passive A new rocket is being
launched by researchers today. A new rocket
new subject is being launched auxiliary be in
present (is) auxiliary be in present
continuous (being) past participle by
researchers By agent (not always necessary /
present in a sentence)
14
Important Note Researchers are launching a new
rocket today. plural subject A new rocket is
being launched by researchers today. singular
subject
15
On-line Exercises Present Continuous Passive
http//www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/ex
ercises?present-progressive http//www.englishex
ercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id4945
16
Present Perfect Active Scientists have improved
technology in the last century. Scientists
subject have improved transitive verb
technology direct object
17
Present Perfect Passive Technology has been
improved by Scientists in the last century.
Technology new subject has been improved
auxiliary has past participle of be (been)
another past participle by researchers By
agent (not always necessary / present in a
sentence)
18
Important Note Scientists have improved
technology in the last century. plural
subject Technology has been improved by
Scientists in the last century. singular
subject
19
On-line Exercises Present Perfect
Passive http//www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/p
assive/exercises?present-perfect
http//www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewga
me.asp?id4946
20
Simple Future Active People will drink Coca Cola
in the 21st century. People subject will
drink transitive verb Coca Cola direct
object
21
Simple Future Passive Coca Cola will be drunk by
people in the 21st century. Coca Cola new
subject will be drunk auxiliary will
auxiliary-infinitive be past participle the
verb by people By agent (not always
necessary / present in a sentence)
22
Important Note People will drink Coca Cola in
the 21st century. plural subject Coca Cola
will be drunk by people in the 21st century.
singular subject
23
Modals and Active Voice 1. Astronauts (subject)
could launch (modal auxiliary transitive
verb) space stations (direct object) 2. Humanity
(subject) should start (modal auxiliary
transitive verb) space colonies (direct object)
3. Scientists (subject) will perfect (modal
auxiliary transitive verb) the necessary
technology (direct object) soon.
24
Modals and Passive Voice 1. Space stations (new
subject) could be launched (modal auxiliary
auxiliary be past participle) by Astronauts
(by agent) 2. Space colonies (new subject)
should be started (modal auxiliary auxiliary
be past participle) by Humanity (by agent)
3. The necessary technology (new subject) will
be perfected (modal auxiliary auxiliary be
past participle) by Scientists(by agent)
25
On-line Exercises Modal Auxiliaries and Passive
Voice http//www.learnamericanenglishonline.com/G
reen20Level/G820Modal20Passive.html
http//www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive/
exercises?05
26
On-line Exercises Passive Voice
Review http//www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises
_list/passiv.htm http//www.myenglishgrammar.com/
exercise-15-passive-voice.html http//www.englis
hexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id197
27
On-line Exercises Active VS Passive Voice
http//www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/activ
e_passive/active_or_passive.htm
http//a4esl.org/q/h/vm/active-passive.html htt
p//www.englishgrammar.org/active-passive-voice-ex
ercise-ii/
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