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THE PASSIVE VOICE

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THE PASSIVE VOICE ... verb BE + past participle IN THE TENSE OF THE ACTIVE VOICE TENSE ACTIVE PASSIVE Present Simple I make a cake A cake is made Present Contin. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE PASSIVE VOICE


1
THE PASSIVE VOICE

2
Use
  • 1.- when you are not especially interested in
    the person or people who did an action.
  • The book was written in 2007.
  • 2.- When you also want to mention the person or
    people that did the action use by.
  • The new art exhibition was opened by
    the
  • Queen.

3
  • The object of the active sentence becomes the
    subject of the passive sentence.
  • We have elected a new President.
  • A new President has been elected
  • They are playing the match on Saturday.
  • The match is being played on Saturday

4
How to build the passive voice
  • We form the passive with the ...
  • verb BE past participle
  • IN THE TENSE OF THE
  • ACTIVE VOICE

5
TENSE ACTIVE PASSIVE
Present Simple I make a cake A cake is made
Present Contin. Im making a cake A cake is being made.
Past Simple I made a cake. A cake was made.
Past Continuous I was making a cake. A cake was being made.
Present Perfect I have made a cake A cake has been made.
Past Perfect I had made a cake. A cake had been made.
Future Simple I will make a cake. A cake will be made.
Future be going to Im going to make a cake. A cake is going to be made.
Modal I must make a cake. A cake must be made.
Modal Perfect I should have made a cake. A cake should have been made.
6
  • If the object is a pronoun, make sure to change
    it to a subject pronoun.
  • me ? I him ? he her ? she them ?
    they us ? we
  • I bought him a present.
  • He was bought a present.

7
  • 4.- Some verbs can have two objects
  • bring, give, ask, pay, sell, offer, owe,
    show, tell, send, lend, leave, promise, take,
    teach, throw, write
  • something to someone
  • They gave Susan a prize.
  • Susan was given a prize.
  • A prize was given to Susan.

8
  • bake, build, buy, cook, cut, find, get, keep,
    make, prepare, save, order, paint, pour, reserve
  • something for somebody
  • She bought a bicycle for her little brother.
  • A bicycle was bought for her little brother.
  • Her little brother was bought a bicycle.

9
  • If the verb has two objects, we usually use the
    person as the subject in the passive.
  • No one gave me any directions.
  • I wasnt given any directions.
  • Beatriz taught me History.
  • I was taught History by Beatriz.
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