Introduction to Leadership - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Introduction to Leadership PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 84e676-NGNjO



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Introduction to Leadership

Description:

Introduction to Leadership Topic 7 * Learning Objectives Defining the nature of leadership Distinguishing between leadership and management Defining traditional ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:139
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: acid150
Learn more at: http://blog.ub.ac.id
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Introduction to Leadership


1
  • Introduction to Leadership
  • Topic 7

2
Learning Objectives
  • Defining the nature of leadership
  • Distinguishing between leadership and management
  • Defining traditional leadership approaches
    trait, behavioural and situational theories
  • Identifying the key elements of transformational
    leadership

3
Is leadership.
  • The ability to get other people to do what you
    want them to, willingly?
  • A rare quality possessed by only a few, able to
    inspire and motivate?
  • The behaviour of the top manager on the spot at
    the time?
  • The contribution to the groups process made by
    any or all members depending on the circumstances?

4
What Is Leadership?
management Use of authority inherent in
designated formal rank to obtain compliance from
organisational members.
5
Perspectives of Leadership
  • Trait perspective
  • Consider personal qualities and characteristics
    that differentiate leaders from non-leaders
  • Behavioural perspective
  • Propose that specific behaviours differentiate
    leaders from non-leaders
  • Eg Ohio State and Michigan Studies
  • Contingency perspective
  • The most appropriate style depends on the
  • situation
  • Eg Houses Path Goal Theory
  • Transformational perspective
  • Leaders who inspire and have a profound effect on
    followers
  • Eg Avolio and Bass

6
(No Transcript)
7
Trait Theories
  • Leadership Traits
  • Ambition and energy
  • The desire to lead
  • Honesty and integrity
  • Self-confidence
  • Intelligence
  • Job-relevant knowledge

8
Trait Theories (cont.)
  • Limitations
  • No universal traits that predict leadership in
    all situations.
  • Traits predict behaviour better in weak than
    strong situations.
  • Unclear evidence of the cause and effect of
    relationship of leadership and traits.
  • Better predictor of the appearance of leadership
    than distinguishing effective and ineffective
    leaders.

9
Behavioural Theories
behavioural theories of leadership Theories of
proposing that specific behaviours differentiate
leaders from non-leaders
  • Trait theory Leaders are born, not made.
  • Behavioural theory Leadership traits can be
    taught.

10
Ohio State Studies
consideration The extent to which a leader is
likely to have job relationships characterised by
mutual trust, respect for subordinates ideas,
and regards for their feelings.
11
University of Michigan Studies
employee-oriented leader Emphasising
interpersonal relations taking a personal
interest in the needs of employees and accepting
individual difference among members.
production-oriented leader One who emphasises
technical or task aspects of the job.
12
The Managerial Grid
13
Contingency Theories Fiedlers Model
14
Fiedlers Model Defining the Situation
task structure The degree to which the job
assignments are procedurised
position power Influence derived from ones
formal structural position in the organisation
includes power to hire, fire, discipline,
promote, and give salary increases.
15
Hersey and Blanchards Situational Leadership
Theory
Follower readiness ability and willingness
Leader decreasing need for support and
supervision
16
LeaderMember Exchange Theory
17
Leader-Member Exchange Theory
18
Path-Goal Theory
path-goal theory The theory that it is the
leaders job to assist followers in attaining
their goals and to provide the necessary
direction and/or support to ensure that their
goals are compatible with the overall objectives
of the group or organisation.
19
The Path-Goal Theory
20
Transactional and Transformational Leadership
transformational leaders Leaders who provide
individualised stimulation, and who possess
charisma.
  • Contingent Reward
  • Management by Exception (active)
  • Management by Exception (passive)
  • Laissez-Faire
  • Charisma
  • Inspiration
  • Intellectual Stimulation
  • Individual Consideration

21
Characteristics of Transactional Leaders
22
Characteristics of Transformational Leaders
23
Substitutes and Neutralisers for Leadership
24
Finding and Creating Effective Leaders
  • Selection
  • Review specific requirements for the job.
  • Use tests that identify personal traits
    associated with leadership, measure
    self-monitoring, and assess emotional
    intelligence.
  • Conduct personal interviews to determine
    candidates fit with the job.

25
Finding and Creating Effective Leaders contd..
  • Training
  • Recognise the all people are not equally
    trainable.
  • Teach skills that are necessary for employees to
    become effective leaders.
  • Provide behavioural training to increase the
    development potential of nascent charismatic
    employees.
About PowerShow.com