Chapter 1 The Political Landscape - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Chapter 1 The Political Landscape PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 84de86-MDc1M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 1 The Political Landscape

Description:

Title: Chapter 1 The Political Landscape Author: Alixandra Yanus Last modified by: EMSISD Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:48
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 31
Provided by: Alix75
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 1 The Political Landscape


1
Interest Groups
2
Interest Groups
  • An interest group is an organized group that
    tries to influence public policy.
  • Interest groups provide an avenue for citizen
    participation in politics.

3
Kinds of Interest Groups
  • Public Interest Groups - AARP
  • Economic Interest Groups - U.S. Chamber of
    Commerce
  • Governmental Units - State/Local Government
  • Political Action Committees

4
Characteristics of Selected Interest Groups
5
What Interest Groups Do
  • Increase representation and participation in
    American politics.
  • Increase public awareness about important issues.
  • Help frame the public agenda.
  • Engage in lobbying and election activities.

6
Lobbying
  • Lobbying - the activities of a group or
    organization that seek to persuade political
    leaders to support the groups position.
  • the term lobbying refers to a situation where
    individuals meet elected officials in the lobbies
    of government buildings to try to persuade them
    about specific issues.

7
Who is Lobbied?
  • Congress - research, money, or testimony is
    provided by lobbyists to Congress.
  • Executive Branch - President, White House staff
    and bureaucracy are lobbied.
  • Courts - through sponsorship of lawsuits or
    filing of amicus curiae briefs.

8
Effective Lobbyists
  • Many of the most effective lobbyists are former
    members of Congress.

9
Election Activities of Interest Groups
  • Candidate recruitment and endorsements.
  • Getting out the vote.
  • Rating the candidates or office holders.
  • Campaign contributions through PACs.
  • Signing pledges.

10
Americans for Tax Reform Pledge
United States House of Representatives
candidates Taxpayer Protection Pledge I,
_______________, pledge to the taxpayers of the
_____ district of the state of__________, and to
the American people that I will ONE, oppose any
and all efforts to increase the marginal income
tax rates for individuals and/or businesses
and TWO, oppose any net reduction or elimination
of deductions and credits, unless matched dollar
for dollar by further reducing tax
rates. _________________________________________
Signature ________________________________________
_ Date _________________________________________
Witness _________________________________________
Witness Pledges must be signed, dated, witnessed
and returned to AMERICANS FOR TAX REFORM 722
12th Street, WASHINGTON, DC 20005 PHONE (202)
785-0266 FAX (202) 330-5224
11
Interest Groups
  • ABC Videos Power Parties in Washington.
  • http//portal.mypearson.com/mypearson-login.jsp?lo
    goutActionrender

12
Interest Groups
  • http//www.c-spanvideo.org/program/283053-2
  • What do interest groups represent?
  • Who is a lobbyist?
  • What is traded between lobbyists and elected
    officials?

13
Interest Groups
  • What do interest groups represent?
  • Everything.
  • Who is a lobbyist?
  • We all are.

14
Interest Groups
  • What is traded between lobbyists and elected
    officials?
  • Lobbyists provide
  • votes of interest group members
  • money for political campaigns
  • information
  • testimony at congressional hearings
  • draft legislation
  • Elected officials provide
  • votes supporting lobbyists point of view

15
How do Interest Groups Provide Money for Election
Campaigns?
  • Political Action Committees (PAC)
  • the political arm of interest groups (and
    corporations).
  • allowed by federal laws governing campaign
    financing to raise funds and make campaign
    contributions to elected officials.

16
Some Interest Groups
  • http//www.aarp.org/
  • http//www.lwv.org/Elections/index.html
  • http//home.nra.org//home
  • http//www.sierraclub.org/

17
The Dark Side of Interest Groups
  • http//www.pbs.org/moyers/moyersonamerica/capitol/
    index.html
  • http//www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/politics/july-dec10
    /delay_11-25.html
  • In 2006 Jack Abramoff pled guilty to conspiracy,
    fraud, and tax evasion.

18
Regulating Interest Groups and Lobbyists
  • Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007
  • Bans gifts and honoraria to members of Congress
    and their staffs
  • tougher disclosure requirements
  • longer time limits on moving from the federal
    government to the private lobbying sector.

19
Political Parties
20
Political Parties
  • Political parties are not mentioned in the
    Constitution.
  • Political parties seek to gain and exercise power
    through the electoral process.

21
Functions of the Party System
  • Mobilize support and build coalitions.
  • Encourage stability in the political system.
  • Provide accountability for public policy.
  • Run candidates for office.
  • Formulate policy through a national party
    platform.

22
Third Parties
  • Rooted in sectionalism, economic protest, single
    issues, and charismatic personalities.
  • Do best when there is little trust in other
    parties.
  • Can have success in putting issues on the agenda.

23
Third Parties
  • Libertarian Party wants to reduce the size and
    cost of government and eliminate laws which
    control peoples personal choices.
  • Reform Party in 1992 and 1996 wanted an amendment
    requiring a balanced budget.

23
24
Party Organization
  • National committees - hold conventions every 4
    years to
  • nominate presidential and vice-presidential
    candidates.
  • formulate a party platform. A party platform
    represents the official party position on various
    issues.

25
Party Organization
  • State committees.
  • County committees.
  • Precincts - smallest level of the party
    organization and comprised of the foot soldiers
    for the party.

26
Party Organization
Back
27
Party Platforms
28
Political Parties
  • Based on the preceding party platforms...which
    political party is the best fit with your
    political beliefs?

29
Party Affiliation
  • Party identification shapes political worldview.
  • Wealthy, white-collar workers, married, and
    evangelicals are more likely Republican.
  • Working class, women, minorities, singles,
    unions, and advanced degrees are more Democratic.
  • The single greatest influence on young citizens
    initial party identification is their parents.

30
Party Identification by Group
About PowerShow.com