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the Present Perfect vs. the Present Perfect Continuous Tense

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the Present Perfect vs. the Present Perfect Continuous Tense Let s review:-the forms of each-the difference in meaning between them 1) the Present Perfect Tense The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: the Present Perfect vs. the Present Perfect Continuous Tense


1
the Present Perfect vs.the Present Perfect
Continuous Tense
  • Lets review
  • -the forms of each
  • -the difference in meaning between them

2
1) the Present Perfect Tense
  • The Present Perfect has many uses and is very
    common in English.
  • Generally speaking, the Present Perfect is used
    to connect the past and the present we often use
    this grammar for an action that started in the
    past, but is still happening today.
  • Here is an Example . . . . .

3
1) the Present Perfect Tense
  • I have lived in San Diego for 10 years.
  • Meaning I moved to San Diego 10 years ago and I
    still live here today.
  • The Present Perfect connects the past and the
    present.

4
1) the Present Perfect Tense
  • Another common use of the Present Perfect is . .
    .
  • To talk about recently finished actions
  • (often with just)
  • Example
  • Susan has just mopped the floor, so dont walk on
    it!

5
the Present Perfect Tense-Form-
has or have
past participle

Negative Has NOT or Have NOT Past Participle
But . . . what does past participle mean?
6
Past participle for regular verbs
  • the same as the simple past tense.
  • Regular verbs require ed in the simple past
    tense. For these verbs, the past participle is
    the same. What is the past participle for these
    verbs?

talk
live
work
7
Past participle for irregular verbs
  • depends on the particular verb.
  • Irregular verbs do not take ed in the simple
    past. For these verbs, you must memorize the
    past participle form. Do you know the past
    participle for these verbs?

know
be
get
Note The simple past and the past participle
forms are the same for certain verbs. (i.e.,
teach, bring, have, send)
8
2) The Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  • The present perfect continuous is often very
    similar in meaning to the present perfect tense.
  • Just like the Present Perfect, we can use this
    grammar to talk about something that started in
    the past, but is still happening.
  • But the present perfect continuous focuses more
    on the continuous action. The emphasis is on the
    duration of the action.

9
Example
  • It began raining two hours ago.
  • It is STILL raining now.
  • It has been raining for two hours.
  • This is the present
  • perfect continuous
  • tense.

10
Difference in Meaning
  • UNLIKE the Present Perfect, the Present Perfect
    Continuous is never used to talk about recently
    finished actions.
  • Susan has mopped the floor.
  • -present perfect
  • -recently finished
  • 2) Susan has been mopping the floor for 15
    minutes.
  • -p.p. continuous not finished yet

11
Present Perfect Continuous Form
  • This grammar has 3 parts

verb in -ING
HAS or HAVE
BEEN


12
Negative Form
  • Has NOT been ing
  • Have NOT been ing
  • John has not been living in L.A. for very long.
    (or hasnt been living)
  • We have not been exercising very much recently.
  • (or havent been exercising)

13
More Examples of P.P. Continuous
  • Jane started to work in her garden at 800 this
    morning. Now it is 1200.
  • She has been working in her garden for 4 hours!
  • Wow! She must be tired now!

14
  • Wheres Kelly?
  • Shes sleeping.
  • Shes been sleeping for a long time.
  • Sam and Paul are talking in the hallway. They
  • have been talking
  • since class ended.

15
  • Note! In English, we dont usually use stative
    (non-action) verbs with continuous tenses.
  • Example
  • Jean got a headache two hours ago.
  • She still has a headache now.

She has been having a headache for two hours.
Because have is a stative verb, we dont like
to put it in continuous form so instead, we use
present perfect Jean has had a headache for two
hours.
16
  • Review
  • The Present Perfect and the Present Perfect
    Continuous can be often be used in the same
    circumstance.
  • Example
  • 1) I have taught at ECC for many years.
  • -present perfect
  • 2) I have been teaching at ECC for many years.
  • -present perfect continuous
  • -In this case, both actions started in the past
    and continue up to the present time.

17
  • Review
  • 2. However, we DONT use the Present Perfect
    Continuous with stative (non-action) verbs
    instead, we prefer to use the Present Perfect.
  • Example
  • 1) I have been knowing Maria for many years.
  • -INCORRECT
  • 2) I have known Maria for Many years.
  • -CORRECT

18
the end
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