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William Shakespeare 1564-1616

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Title: William Shakespeare 1564-1616


1
William Shakespeare1564-1616
2
William ShakespeareEarly years
  • Born in Stratford-Upon-Avon, England
  • Son of prominent town official
  • 3rd child of 8 children
  • Received excellent education with heavy focus on
    grammar and literature

3
William ShakespeareMarriage and Family
  • Married at age 18 to Anne Hathaway (she was 26)
    and pregnant with his child
  • 1st child was daughter, Susanna-born in 1583
  • Twins, Hamnet and Judith born in 1585
  • Hamnet dies at age 11

4
William ShakespeareLost Years
  • The period between 1585 and 1591 is known as the
    Lost Years because there are no documented
    records of Shakespeares activities

5
William ShakespeareLater Years
  • Moved to London around 1591 and became an actor
  • Worked with the Lord Chamberlins company of
    players, later known as the Kings Men

6
William ShakespeareWorks of Literature
  • Along with acting, he also wrote some of the most
    renowned and studied literature written in the
    English language
  • Poems-famous for his sonnets
  • Plays-Comedies, Tragedies, and Histories

7
William ShakespeareComedies
  • Alls Well that Ends Well
  • As You Like It
  • Comedy of Errors
  • Measure for Measure
  • Midsummer Nights Dream
  • Taming of the Shrew
  • Much Ado About Nothing
  • Twelfth Night
  • Merchant of Venice

8
William ShakespeareTragedies
  • Julius Caesar
  • Hamlet
  • Macbeth
  • Othello
  • Romeo and Juliet
  • King Lear

9
William ShakespeareHistories
  • King Henry V
  • King John
  • Richard II
  • Richard III

10
William ShakespeareWorks of Literature
  • He wrote 37 very successful plays
  • His vocabulary was HUGE-somewhere between 17,000
    and 34,000 words!
  • The estimated vocabulary of an educated person
    today is around 15,000 words

11
William ShakespeareWorks of Literature
  • He had an amazing influence on our English
    language

12
William ShakespeareHave you heard these phrases?
  • I couldnt sleep a wink.
  • He was dead as a doornail.
  • Shes a tower of strength.
  • They hoodwinked us.
  • Wed better lie low for awhile.
  • I am constant as the Northern Star.
  • Its all Greek to me.

13
More words that first appeared in his plays
  • Accommodation lonely
  • Assassination gloomy
  • Dexterously fretful
  • Dislocate suspicious
  • Obscene hurry
  • Reliance
  • Premeditate

14
William ShakespeareLater Years
  • Returned to Stratford around 1610 where he lived
    as a country gentleman
  • Wealthy-Owned one of the largest homes in town
  • Died in Stratford in 1616 at the age of 52. His
    death was a mystery. It is rumored that he drank
    too much and contracted a fever or that he died
    from a cerebral hemorrhage.

15
Elizabethan Age
  • Shakespeare lived and wrote during what is known
    as the English Renaissance, which lasted from
    about 1485 through the 1660s
  • Period is also known as Elizabethan Age, named
    after Queen Elizabeth who ruled England from
    1558-1603

16
Queen Elizabeth
17
Elizabethan Age
  • During the Queens reign, society celebrated
    poets
  • Elizabethans would be surprised to learn that
    their age would become best known for its
    theater, as most considered drama a less
    distinguished form of lit. than poetry

18
Elizabethan Age
  • England was flourishing and London was becoming
    one of largest cities in Europe however life was
    not easy for everyone
  • Catholics experiences religious persecution
  • Women were subject to many restrictions
  • Most English people endured crowded living
    conditions and an unsatisfactory diet

19
Elizabethan Age
  • Rich and poor alike were defenseless against
    bubonic plague
  • In 1564, the year Shakespeare was born, nearly
    one-third of his hometown died of the plague
    (lost many siblings to plague/son)

20
Elizabethan AgeFashion
21
Elizabethan AgeFashion
22
Elizabethan AgeFashion
23
Elizabethan AgeFashion
24
Elizabethan AgeFashion
25
Elizabethan AgeFashion
26
Globe Theater
  • Shakespeare and the Lord Chamberlains Men
    performed at Burbages theater until 1599, when
    they built their own playhouse, the Globe
  • Shakespeare referred to the Globe as this wooden
    O, a term that led scholars to believe it was a
    circular building

27
Globe Theater
28
Globe Theater
  • Located just outside of London

29
A white flag indicates that there is a play today.
30
Plays were performed during the day.
.
31
The groundlings stood by the stage.
32
The wealthy sat in the upper decks.
33
Young men dressed up to play the female roles.
34
Globe Theater
  • Attending Shakespeares theater was quite
    different from attending theater today, which is
    thought of as very quiet and austere
  • In Elizabethan England it was a noisy, popular
    gathering place for people of all ages and from
    all walks of life

35
Globe Theater
  • Drinking and eating were permitted in the pit,
    which often became very noisy
  • If a spectator did not like a particular
    character or scene, he or she would feel free to
    hiss or boo of throw anything he or she might
    have on hand

36
Globe Theater
  • It is possible that Shakespeare had this in mind
    when he included the phrase with patient ears
    attend in the Prologue of Romeo and Juliet
  • The rowdy atmosphere of the pit also accounted
    for the exaggerated acting that was common at the
    time

37
Globe Theater
  • To compensate for lines that the audience could
    not hear, the actors used exaggerated gestures
    and facial expressions, unlike the natural method
    of acting that is used today
  • Nature of the crowd contributed to haste with
    which the lines were spoken
  • Today, Shakespeare plays takes almost 3 hours.
    Then, a play would have taken two hours or less!
    (the two hours traffic of our stage)

38
Globe Theater
  • The original theater was destroyed by a fire in
    1613
  • It was rebuilt in 1614, closed in 1642, and
    demolished in 1644
  • A modern reconstruction of the original Globe,
    named Shakespeares Globe Theatre opened in 1997

39
Globe Theater
  • Today, audiences of this wooden O can sit in
    the gallery or stand as informally as a
    groundling

40
Globe Theater
  • just as they would have done 400 years ago!

41
Macbeth Vocabulary Act 1
  • Valor-bravery.
  • Treasons- betrayals of ones country.
  • Imperial- having supreme authority.
  • Surmise- imaginings speculation.
  • Sovereign- supreme in power or authority.
  • Anon- at once.
  • Broil-battle.
  • Minion-favorite.
  • Sooth-truth.
  • Cracks-explosives.
  • Dismal-threatening.
  • Sevnights- weeks.
  • Peak-waste away.
  • Weird- destiny-serving.

42
Macbeth Act 2 Vocabulary
  • Husbandry- thrift.
  • Augment- make greater enlarge.
  • Palpable- capable of being touched or felt.
  • Stealthy- sly.
  • Confounds-ruins.
  • Timely- early.
  • Predominance- superiority.
  • Multitudinous- existing in great numbers.
  • Porter- doorkeeper.
  • Equivocate- to use terms that have two or more
    meanings to mislead purposely or deceive.

43
Macbeth Act 3 Vocabulary
  • Indissoluble- not able to be dissolved or undone.
  • Dauntless- fearless cannot be intimidated.
  • Predominant- foremost powerful.
  • Avaunt- Be gone!
  • Saucy- insolent.
  • Scotched- wounded.
  • Infirmity- physical or mental defect illness.
  • Malevolence- ill will spitefulness.
  • Sleights-devices.
  • Acheron- hell in Greek mythology the river of
    Hades.

44
Macbeth Act 4 Vocabulary
  • Pernicious- fatal deadly.
  • Judicious- showing good judgement.
  • Sundry- Various miscellaneous.
  • Intemperance- lack of restraint.
  • Avarice- Greed.
  • Credulous- tending to believe too readily.
  • Yesty-foamy.
  • Farrow- young pigs.
  • Titles-possessions.
  • Enow- enough.

45
Macbeth Act 5 Vocabulary
  • Perturbation- disturbance.
  • Recoil- to draw back in fear, surprise, or
    disgust.
  • Antidote- remedy.
  • Pristine- original unspoiled.
  • Clamorous- noisy.
  • Harbingers- forerunners.
  • Vulnerable- exposed to attack or harm.
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