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United States in World War II

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Title: United States in World War II Author: James Hojnowski Last modified by: Kris Gaijer Created Date: 2/4/2013 2:39:22 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: United States in World War II


1
United States in World War II
  • Today's Objectives.
  • 1)Evaluate how the U.S. Prepared for war.
  • 2)Identify how Americans privately supported the
    war.
  • 3)Discuss how the Federal Govt. Promoted the war.

2
United States in W.W.II
  • U.S. needed to prepare for war.
  • Production would be key to winning.

3
Organizing Production
  • F.D.R. Created new boards to manage industries.
  • War Production Board
  • Switched factories to produce war goods.
  • Cars ? Tanks
  • Built new plants.

4
Organizing Production
  • Kaiser Permanente Yards
  • Built convoy ships
  • 1941 355 days per ship
  • 1943 41 days per ship
  • Willow Run Factory (Michigan)
  • Built planes.
  • 900 Acres big
  • Parts came in one end, planes flew out the other.

5
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6
Organizing Production
  • U.S. Starts overproducing.
  • Many armament jobs open up.
  • 22,000 ? 486,000 in bullet making alone.
  • Unemployment disappears!
  • Entire Economy became a War Economy.

7
Organizing Production
  • Office of War Mobilization
  • Managed consumer goods.
  • Ex. Regulated length of fabric in clothing.
  • Recycling!

8
Paying for the War
  • Fed. Govt. increased number of Americans paying
    taxes..
  • Sold war bonds.
  • Office of Price Administration
  • Kept prices/wages stable
  • Rationed consumer goods.

9
Rationing in W.W.II
  • Americans planted Victory Gardens
  • Grew their own vegetables to eat.
  • Cut back on consuming goods.

10
Training an Army
  • (July 1940) Selective Training and Service Act
  • First Peacetime Draft in U.S. History
  • 2/3rds of W.W.II soldiers draftees.

11
Promoting the War
  • Americans supported W.W.II heavily.
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor gave them no choice.

12
Promoting the War
  • Office of War Information
  • Controlled flow of news at home.
  • Made films.
  • Stressed American values
  • U.S. was threatened!
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