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Title:

United States and the War

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Title: World War II Begins Author: Elizabeth Lewis Last modified by: Elizabeth Lewis Created Date: 11/13/2009 2:41:16 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: United States and the War


1
United States and the War
  • Objective analyze how and why the US entered
    the war

2
United States
  • Most people wanted Allies to win, but did not
    want war
  • Roosevelt vowed to remain neutral

3
  • 1938- Congress revised Neutrality Acts allowing
    warring nations to buy US goods if they paid cash
    and moved the goods in their own ships

4
  • 1940 Roosevelt gave 50 destroyers to Britain in
    exchange for leases on 8 British military bases
  • 1940 Selective Training and Service Act first
    US peacetime draft called up men aged 21 35 to
    serve in the military

5
1940 Election
  • Roosevelt runs for third term
  • First president to break Washingtons two-term
    tradition
  • Promised not to send Americans into foreign wars
    while he continued to prepare the nation for war

6
Involvement Grows
  • March, 1941 Congress passed Lend-Lease Act
  • Lend-lease Act allowed the United States to
    lend or lease raw materials, equipment, and
    weapons to any country vital to the defense of
    the United States

7
  • Isolationists opposed law
  • Roosevelt instructs navy to protect British ships
    close to American shores
  • Orders Americans to shoot German and Italian
    ships on sight in certain areas after Germans
    fired on US ships

8
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9
Atlantic Charter
  • August, 1941 charter signed by Roosevelt and
    Churchill
  • Not a military alliance set goals for the world
    after the Nazis were defeated

10
  • Urged disarmament (giving up weapons)
  • Called for creation of permanent system for
    preserving peace

11
Japanese Threat
  • Japan expands in the Far East
  • Seized French Indochina after France fell

12
  • Planned to take the Dutch East Indies, British
    Malaya, and American territory of the Philippines

13
US Responds
  • Economic pressure used to halt Japans expansion
  • All Japanese funds (money) frozen in US banks by
    Roosevelt
  • Also stopped sale of gasoline
  • and other resources
  • Japan needed

14
  • Konoye (Prime Minister) wants to hold talks with
    US does not believe Japan could defeat US in a
    war

15
  • General Tojo disagreed Konoye resigned
  • Nov. 20 talks went forward Tojo planned
    surprise attack on US

16
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17
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18
Attack on Pearl Harbor
  • 755 am on Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941 Japanese
    warplanes bombed Pearl Harbor, an American naval
    base in Hawaii
  • Ships anchored in a neat row, and airplanes
    grouped together on the airfield, made easy
    targets

19
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20
  • More than 2,300 soldiers, sailors, and civilians
    were killed
  • More than 1,000 injured
  • Many American warplanes and ships were destroyed

21
  • Dec. 8. 1941 President Roosevelt asked Congress
    to declare war on Japan
  • Dec. 11, Germany and Italy declared war on the
    United States.

22
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23
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24
View clip from Tora, Tora, Tora
25
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27
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28
I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping
giant and fill him with a terrible resolve.
Admiral Yamamota
  • What does Admiral Yamamota mean? Illustrate what
    you think the quote means.
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