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The Great War

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Title: World War I Author: Mario Fitzpatrick Last modified by: Mario Created Date: 4/1/2007 9:50:41 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Great War


1
The Great War
  • Causes of World War I

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The Great War
  • Talk with your neighbor about what would start a
    world war.
  • The start to the war that would be known as the
    Great War did not happen over night
  • An ongoing build- up of four key ideas led to WWI
  • The first was nationalism

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The Great War
  • Nationalism is the devotion, and love of ones
    culture and nation.
  • Nationalism was growing in many different parts
    of Europe.
  • It was this new bonding of people that created
    new nations but also new tensions.
  • Why might nationalism create conflict?

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WWI
  • The second concept contributing to WWI was
    imperialism.
  • Imperialism is when a country expands its power
    in the world usually by colonies.
  • Some of the rising Imperialist countries were
    Germany, Great Britain, France and the U.S.
  • Why would imperialism create conflict?

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WWI
  • Another cause of WWI was militarism.
  • Militarism is when a nation builds up its
    military forces for the use of diplomacy.
  • Germany in the late 1800s had built one of the
    worlds strongest army navy.

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WWI
  • The only other European country that could rival
    Germanys military was the British navy.
  • Why would nations feel that they needed to build
    a large military?
  • The final cause of WWI was the growing alliance
    system.
  • An alliance is when one nation makes a deal to
    protect another nation in return for their help
    if ever needed.

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WWI
  • The two major alliances that were formed before
    WWI were the Triple Entente and the Triple
    Alliance.
  • The Triple Entente were the countries of France,
    Britain and Russia.
  • The Triple Alliance were the countries Germany,
    Austria- Hungary and Italy.
  • The Ottoman Empire created a separate treaty with
    Germany in August 1914

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The Great War
  • Russia had an alliance with many of the Balkan
    countries.
  • Why might alliances create conflict?
  • In one way the alliances were good because it
    kept one nation from attacking another for fear
    of bringing in other countries.
  • In another way alliances were bad because if one
    country did cross the line it could spark a major
    conflict.

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The Great War
  • One event sparked the conflict that became WWI,
    the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
  • It happened in June 1914 in Sarajevo, Bosnia
    which was part of the Austro- Hungarian empire.

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The Great War
  • As Ferdinand drove through the streets a man
    named Gavrilo Princip shot him and his wife.
  • Princip was part of a group called the Black Hand
    that was for Serbian nationalism.
  • In the following days the alliance system was put
    to the test.

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The Great War
  • How did alliances, boundaries and national
    identities shape The Great War?
  • On your handout rank the causes of The Great War
    based on which one impacted Europe the most. Be
    prepared to justify why you chose your 1.
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