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The Reformation Continues

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Title: Imperialism and America Author: Greg Sederberg Last modified by: Greg Sederberg Created Date: 7/28/2011 4:31:09 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Reformation Continues


1
The Reformation Continues
2
Setting the Stage
  • Under the leadership of Queen Elizabeth I, the
    Anglican Church, though Protestant, remained
    similar to the Catholic Church in many of its
    doctrines and ceremonies. Meanwhile, other forms
    of Protestantism were developing elsewhere in
    Europe. Martin Luther had launched the
    Reformation in northern Germany, but reformers
    were at work in other countries. In Switzerland,
    another major branch of Protestantism emerged.
    Based mainly on the teachings of John Calvin, a
    French follower of Luther, it promoted unique
    ideas about the relationship between people and
    God.

3
John Calvin Continues the Reformation
  • 1536- published Institutes of the Christian
    Religion
  • Summary of Protestant theology
  • Believed God chooses a
    very few people to save
  • Predestination- idea God
    has known since the
    beginning of time who will
    be saved
  • Known as Calvinism

4
Calvins Rule
  • Rules over Geneva, Switzerland
  • Strict rules-
  • Everyone attended religion classes
  • No card playing
  • No bright clothing
  • Seen as a model
    city of highly moral
    citizens

5
Calvinism Spreads
  • John Knox- applies Calvins ideas in Scotland
  • Each community church was governed by a group of
    laymen called elders or presbyters
  • Followers of Knox become known as Presbyterians

6
Other Protestant Reformers
  • Anabaptists- only baptized those old enough to
    decide to be Christian
  • Church and state
    should be separate
  • Refused to fight wars
  • Shared possessions
  • Forerunners of Mennonites and
    Amish, influenced Quakers and
    Baptists

7
The Catholic Reformation
  • Ignatius of Loyola-
  • Wrote Spiritual Exercises- laid out day-by-day
    plan of meditation, prayer and study
  • Pope created religious order for his followers
    called the Society of Jesus, known as Jesuits

8
The Catholic Reformation
  • Jesuits goals-
  • Create schools in Europe
  • Convert non-Christians to Catholicism
  • Stop the spread of Protestantism

9
The Catholic Reformation
  • Pope Paul III-
  • Had Council of Cardinals investigate indulgence
    selling
  • Approved the Jesuit order
  • Used the Inquisition to seek out heresy
  • Called a council of church leaders to meet in
    Trent, Italy

10
The Council of Trent
  • Churchs interpretation
    of the Bible was final
  • Christians need faith
    and good works for
    salvation (not saved by
    faith alone)
  • The Bible and Church tradition were equally
    powerful in guiding Christian life
  • Indulgences were valid expressions of faith

11
The Catholic Reformation
  • Pope Paul IV-
  • Index of Forbidden Books (books dangerous to
    Catholic faith)- bishops ordered to burn these
    books
  • Venice- burned 10,000 books in 1 day

12
The Legacy of the Reformation
  • Set stage for the modern world
  • Left Europe culturally divided
  • New schools develop
  • Decline of Churchs authority leads to more power
    in monarchs and nation-states
  • State building begins- warfare, exploration and
    expansion
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