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7.2: The Spanish-American War


7.2: The Spanish-American War America s empire grows with the acquisition of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Philippines, and Cuba A. America and Cuba Why was U.S. so ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 7.2: The Spanish-American War

7.2 The Spanish-American War
  • Americas empire grows with the acquisition of
    Puerto Rico, Guam, the Philippines, and Cuba

A. America and Cuba
  • Why was U.S. so interested in Cuba?
  • Sugar cane plantations big business major
  • US impose tariffs (fees/taxes) ruined economy
    for Cuba/Spain
  • Jose Marti
  • Cuban rebel lived in NY
  • wanted independence from Spain
  • First attempt failed second did not
  • Republic of Cuba, 1895

B. America Supports Rebels
  • William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer
  • newspaper owners
  • stories about treatment of Cubans
  • Used Yellow journalism-
  • a. exaggerated news
  • b. Amer. support of Cubans
  • c. Cubans fed to sharks
  • 3. Spanish Gen. Weyler The Butcher placed
    thousands of Cubans in concentration camps

C. More reasons to support Cuba
  • Pres. McKinley send USS Maine to Havana in case
    Spanish loyalist attack Americans in Cuba
  • The De Lome letter, by Spanish ambassador,
    criticizes Pres. McKinley as weak
  • USS Maine battleship explodes Spain blamed
  • Jingoism aggressive nationalism, supports war
  • April 19, 1898
  • lets get ready to rumbllllllllllllle

D. War on Two Fronts
  • 1. U.S. declares war on Spain
  • First battle, in Philippines Spanish colony
    wanted independence from Spain
  • Helped by rebel Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 2. Spain surrenders to Americans not
  • Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Commander George Dewey

E. Invasion of Cuba PR
  • 1. US
  • Blockade by US successful
  • Army was not poor training, food, uniforms
  • 2. Rough Riders
  • 2nd in command TR
  • Given credit for San Juan Hill victory
  • 9th 10th Calvary all AA
  • 25 of all Amer. soldiers in Cuba
  • 3. PR falls soon after
  • Rough Riders

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F. What to do with the Philippines?
  • 1. Supporters of annexing Philippines
  • Educate and christianize them civilized
  • Market for Amer. Goods
  • Naval base
  • 2. Opponents
  • Job competition in US
  • Racial tension
  • Too expensive
  • Its immoral

G. Treaty of Paris 1898
  • Cuba independent
  • PR and Guam annexed by US
  • Philippines sold for 20 million

H. Platt Amendment
  • 1. Conditions added to the Cuban constitution.
  • Not get into debt
  • No treaties w/other country
  • Allowed US to intervene/protect when necessary
  • build naval station on land Guantanamo Bay
  • Protectorate country whose affairs are
    partially controlled by a stronger country
  • Repealed 1934

I. Puerto Rico (PR)
  1. wanted its independence
  2. US did not give it, but gives them citizenships
    in 1917
  3. Foraker Act (1900) establishes govt in PR

J. Philippine-American War Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Upset US took over after Spain
  • Revolted against US
  • three year war
  • US used same tactics as Spain against Cuba
  • Cost of war 400m US paid 20m!!
  • US controls from 1902-1946
  • William Taft, appt. Gov., increased schools,
    hospitals, roads
  • Independence gained July 4,1946
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