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The Progressive Era Chapter 10

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Title: The Progressive Era Chapter 10 Author: ninacoerver Last modified by: ninacoerver Created Date: 10/29/2008 8:02:49 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Progressive Era Chapter 10


1
The Progressive Era Chapter 10
  • 1890-1920

2
Progressive Movement
  • Based on the belief that new ideas and honest,
    efficient government could bring about social
    justice.
  • Progressive ideas brought lasting reforms that
    still affect society today.

3
Muckraker
  • Socially conscious journalists and other wirters
    who dramatized the need for reform
  • Uncovered corruption in government and business
  • Term coined by TR (a muckraker is a tool used to
    clean manure and hay out of animals stalls)
  • Part II and III on your own

4
Upton Sinclair/ The Jungle
  • Example of muckraking.
  • Novel by Upton Sinclair that uncovered unsanitary
    conditions in the meat-packing industry.

5
Social Gospel
  • Based on the belief that Christianity should be
    the basis for social reform.
  • By following the Bibles teachings about charity
    and justice, people could make society the
    kingdom of God

6
Settlement House
  • A community center that provided social services
    to the urban poor.
  • Gave mothers classes in child care and taught
    English to immigrants.

7
Jane Addams/ Hull House
  • Jane Addams-leading figure in the settlement
    house movement.
  • 1889- Addams opened Hull House, a settlement
    house in Chicago.

8
Robert LaFollette
  • Progressive governer of Wisconsin
  • Fought for many reforms including forcing RR
    companies to charge lower rates and pay more
    taxes.
  • He also helped to improve education, make
    factories safer, and adopt a direct primary.
  • Wisconsin as a laboratory of democracy under La
    Follette.

9
17th Amendment
  • Allowed for the direct election of US senators.
  • Part II and III on your own.

10
Susan B. Anthony
  • Leader in the quest for womens equality.
  • She was arrested for illegally casting a vote in
    the election of 1872.
  • She believed that the 14th and 15th amendments
    should apply to women.

11
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Another leader in the womens suffrage movement.
  • One of the organizers of the Seneca Falls
    convention in 1848.
  • Believed that the first step in womens equality
    was gaining the right to vote.

12
19th Amendment
  • Constitutional amendment granting women the right
    to vote.
  • Part II and III on your own.

13
Niagara Movement
  • A meeting of influential African American
    thinkers, including Du Bois at Niagara Falls.
  • The Niagara Movement denounced the idea of
    gradual progress supported by Booker T.
    Washington.

14
NAACP
  • National Association for the Advancement of
    Colored People
  • Founded in 1909 after a race riot in Springfield,
    Illinois
  • White reformers, along with members of the
    Niagara Movement, such as Du Bois founded the
    NAACP to protect African Americans, win the right
    to vote, and help secure civil rights in general.

15
Theodore Roosevelt/ Square Deal
  • 26th President of the US
  • Believed that the government should actively
    balance the needs of competing groups in American
    society.
  • Square Deal The name of TRs progressive
    reforms.
  • The goal of the Square Deal was to keep the
    wealthy and powerful from taking advantage of
    small business owners and the poor.

16
Trustbusting
  • TR earned the nick-name trustbuster because of
    his efforts in breaking up trusts.
  • TR was not interested in breaking up all large
    companies. He saw a difference between good
    trusts and bad trusts.

17
Hepburn Act
  • Gave the Interstate Commerce Commission more
    power to enforce anti-trust laws.
  • Through the Hepburn Act, the ICC gained the
    ability to set railroad rates.

18
Meat Inspection Act
  • Provided federal agents to inspect any meat sold
    across state lines and required federal
    inspection of meat-processing facilities.
  • A result of the publication of The Jungle

19
Pure Food and Drug Act
  • Placed controls on food and medicine.
  • Prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of
    impure or falsley labeled food and drugs.
  • Today the FDA enforces this law.

20
William H. Taft
  • TRs successor to the presidency.
  • Handpicked by TR to follow through with his
    progressive reforms, Taft proved to be a
    disappointment to TR and his progressive
    followers.

21
Progressive Party/ Bull Moose Party
  • In 1912, TR decides to run against his former
    friend, Taft.
  • He breaks away from the Republican Party and
    forms his own party, the Progressive Party.
  • Nick-named the Bull Moose party.

22
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
  • Created by congress in 1914, at Wilsons request.
  • The FTC had the power to investigate companies
    and issue cease and desist orders against
    companies engaging in unfair trade practices or
    those which could hurt competition.
  • Wilson didnt want to break up big business,
    instead he wanted to limit activities that
    unfairly limited competition.

23
Clayton Antitrust Act
  • Passed by progressives in Congress who were not
    satisfied with Wilsons approach.
  • The act banned tying agreements, and price
    discrimination.
  • Specifically declared that unions were exempt
    from anti trust laws.

24
16th Amendment
  • Constitutional amendment that gave the federal
    government the power to tax the income of
    individuals.
  • Part II and III on your own.

25
Federal Reserve Act
  • Created a federal reserve system where banks were
    forced to keep a portion of their deposits in a
    regional reserve bank, which would provide a
    financial cushion against unanticipated loss.

26
Wilson/ New Freedom
  • Woodrow Wilson, a democrat, wins the election of
    1912 because of a split republican vote between
    Taft and TR.
  • Also a progressive, Wilson called his program the
    New Freedom
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