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Chapter 25, Section 3

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Chapter 25, Section 3 Judaism and Christianity. Cuneiform - term used to describe the wedge-shaped writing of the ancient Sumerians. Ziggurat - a huge many-tiered ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 25, Section 3


1
Chapter 25, Section 3
  • Judaism and Christianity.

2
Cuneiform - term used to describe the
wedge-shaped writing of the ancient Sumerians.
Ziggurat - a huge many-tiered temple, in ancient
Sumer.
3
(1800BC) Nomadic Hebrews traveled from Canaan
(Palestine) to Egypt where they are enslaved
until Moses led them back out to the Sinai
Peninsula.
4
King David, a skilled general, made the Kingdom
of Israel a power in the Middle East.
King Solomon transformed Jerusalem into a
magnificent capital and built a great temple to
god.
5
Diaspora
  • In 70AD the Jews revolted against Roman rule
    they lost and were scattered throughout the world
    .

6
Judaism is monotheistic. Their God is named
Yahweh. They follow the 10 Commandments and the
religious and moral laws found in the Torah.
7
Rise of Christianity
  • Jesus was born in Palestine under Roman rule. The
    Gospels tell of his life. Some Jews believed he
    was the messiah (one anointed by God) who would
    deliver them from foreign rule and restore the
    Kingdom of Israel.

8
Parables
  • Short stories with simple moral lessons,
    emphasizing humility, mercy and unselfishness.

9
The Appeal of Christianity
  • Hope of salvation and eternal life. Control over
    destiny. The poor found comfort in the belief
    that people are all equal before God.

10
The early Christians were persecuted by the
Romans.
Thousands became martyrs (people who suffer or
die for their beliefs).
11
Christianity was organized, and high church
officials were bishops. The Bishop of Rome took
title Pope and became the Father of the Church.
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