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Vietnam's Wildlife Trade Policy Review project

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Title: Vietnam's Wildlife Trade Policy Review project Author: Nguyen Manh Ha Last modified by: Nguyen Manh Ha Created Date: 4/4/2008 10:55:51 AM Document presentation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Vietnam's Wildlife Trade Policy Review project


1
Vietnam's Wildlife Trade Policy Review project
2
Vietnams WLT Policy Review project
  • The wildlife trade policy review was undertaken
    within 2007-2008 with a strong commitment of
    relevant GOs and NGOs
  • Actively participation of three ministries, CITES
    MA, SA and local NGO
  • Two consultative workshop were organized to
    gather feedback for review process and review
    report.
  • Four meetings of national steering committee were
    organized during the review
  • Four field trips to different wildlife trade hot
    pots to perceive information from wildlife
    collectors, trader and implementation agencies on
    WLT policy

3
Policy content
  • Vietnam has developed 50 policies and
    legislations on wildlife trade from 1963 up to
    present.
  • National Action Plan on strengthening the
    management of wildlife trade towards 2010 (2004)
    shows a strong commitment of Vietnam on wildlife
    trade management
  • Numbers of species have been protected and saved
    from overexploitation and illegal trade
  • Loopholes, inconsistency and ineffective were
    identified during the implementation of WLT
    policy
  • Weak connection of wildlife trade policy to other
    national development and poverty goals
  • Lack of a long-term vision for wildlife trade
    policy policy development and implementation

4
Policy Implementation
  • Inappropriate investment of fund and resources
    has slowed down the implementation and limit much
    effect on the illegal trade.
  • inadequate consultation between beneficiaries,
    policy maker and implementation agencies
  • Inappropriate alternative options for livelihood
    and wildlife trade
  • Weak monitoring and evaluation mechanism for WLT
    policy

5
Environmental impacts
  • The creation protected areas system has given
    good shelter to wildlife as an positive impact of
    the WLT policy
  • Listing procedure of protected species had stop
    overexploitation and trade on some endangered
    species.
  • Legal commercial captive bred and artificial
    propagation increase and someway reduces pressure
    on wild harvest.
  • Illegal trade and overexploitation were not
    effectively controlled - underground trade is
    still a problem
  • Inadequate attention between animal and plant
    trade.
  • Sustainable use and harvest mechanism was not
    paid adequate attention

6
Social impacts
  • Credit incentive to the legal operation was
    promote.
  • Up-listed and down-listed of protected wildlife
    has impacted to livelihood and income of local
    people.
  • Increase the produce cost and impact on income of
    the harvesting and trade community.
  • Lack of proper market orientation and strategy
    therefore WLT not yet shows as a sustainable
    business,
  • High investment therefore the trade has little
    interest from community, especially the poor
  • Unbalance sharing within the trade chain, most of
    the benefit from wildlife trade go to the middle
    man and top trader
  • Only a minor part of population has proper
    understand of WLT policy

7
Economic impacts
  • The flourish of captive bred and artificial
    propagated that bring significant income and
    works for some communities and areas.
  • WLT policy does not make a strong impact on
    demand and the price of wildlife - continuing
    underground trade
  • Lack of suitable mechanism on balancing the
    benefit sharing between the trade chain do not
    facilitate legal harvest and trade
  • Protected species listing impact work and
    livelihood of some community need an
    alternative mechanism for livelihood

8
Policy analysis and findings
  • The existence WLTP is an important framework for
    wildlife trade management and protection of the
    country.
  • Lack of proper preparation and consultation that
    make the some confusions and loopholes in the
    existing policy.
  • Overlap issues as a consequence of too many
    policy and legal document one may not enough
    but too many make confusion
  • Ban and strict regulation actually drives trade
    underground - Balance of harvest, use and
    protection

9
Policy analysis and findings
  • Unbalance of attention on plant and animal.
  • Unclear criteria on listing of protected species
    and terms for endangered and protected species.
  • Inappropriate budget and resources have limit the
    implementation and effective of policy.
  • Lack of proper training and guidance of policy
    implementation
  • Lack of evaluation and monitoring mechanism of
    policy implementation and policy impacts.

10
Recommendations
  • Refine the current policy to cover identified
    loopholes and inconsistencies
  • Recommend for a new WLT policy that all
    environmental, social and economic issues are
    equally considered
  • Distinctive of illegal wildlife trade and the
    legality of wildlife use and livelihood.
  • Standardize the criteria term for species listing

11
Recommendations
  • Adequate budget to enhance implementation
  • Appropriate training
  • Develop a standard protocol for wildlife
    confiscation and rescue
  • Regularly evaluate and monitor of policy
    implementation and impacts Develop a pilot
    project of community management of sustainable
    wildlife harvest and trade
  • Publishing the review report and social dynamic
    of wildlife trade

12
Feedback on framework
  • Comprehensive and useful for reviewing
  • Clear explanation and example
  • Good hypothesis question for each section
  • Easy to understand and use
  • Good to have an accompany training on method and
    procedure

13
Recommendation on framework
  • It is necessary to define indicator of impacts
  • Clear scope on the focusing of national or
    international wildlife trade regulation as they
    both parallel exist
  • Should focus on the assessment of some specific
    policy and its impacts and implementation
  • Should be revised as feedback from experience of
    four countries.
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