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INDIA: RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT FOR LOW INCOME STATES

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Title: INDIA: RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT FOR LOW INCOME STATES Author: Manu Prakash Last modified by: UserSACS Created Date: 3/18/2013 1:01:47 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INDIA: RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT FOR LOW INCOME STATES


1
INDIA RURAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECT
FOR LOW INCOME STATES
2
Project Development Objective
  • The PDO is to improve piped water supply and
    sanitation services for selected rural
    communities in the target states through
    decentralized delivery systems and to increase
    the capacity of the participating States to
    respond promptly and effectively to an Eligible
    Crisis or Emergency.
  • Key PDO level results indicators are the
    following
  • Number of people with increased access to piped
    water.
  • Number of people with access to improved
    sanitation facilities.
  • Number of people using improved latrines.
  • Improvements in OM cost recovery.

3
Project Beneficiaries
  • Direct benefit about 7.8 million rural people
    with improved water supply and sanitation
    services
  • About 48 of the overall project beneficiaries
    expected to be women
  • Participating States to benefit through improved
    institutional capacity, processes and procedures,
    for decentralized RWSS service delivery
    responsibilities and improving accountability to
    rural households
  • Targeted assistance to the tribal populations of
    4 districts in Jharkhand, with about 0.4 million
    expected beneficiaries from tribal populations.

4
RWSS Program and Policy
  • Ring-fenced Program for Participating Low Income
    States
  • Decentralized Service Delivery Systems
  • District-wide Approach
  • Integrated Approach to Water Supply and
    Sanitation
  • Scheme Cycle for Implementing Decentralized
    Services
  • Community Contributions towards Capital and OM
    Costs
  • Governance and Accountability Aspects
  • Public Private Partnerships (PPPs)
  • Twinning with Bank assisted RWSS Projects

5
Integrated Approach to Water Supply and
Sanitation
  • Water Supply
  • SVSs and MVSs will provide piped water supplies,
    along with catchment area management programs, as
    required, for improving source sustainability.
  • MVSs will be taken up only if local sustainable
    source is not available.
  • A dedicated feeder line for power supply will be
    provided for large MVSs. Solar powered pumps
    will be piloted in remote villages which have
    less than 3-4 hours of power supply.
  • Sanitation
  • Household sanitation (household toilets)
  • Institutional sanitation (schools, anganwadi,
    community/public toilets)
  • Environmental sanitation (SLWM, including
    soak-pits, drains and lane improvements for
    disposal of sullage and wastewater, and solid
    waste management for village-wide cleanliness)
    and
  • IEC / BCC activities for demand creation and
    linkages with nutrition, health and hygiene
    practices.
  • Interventions will support GoIs NBA program, by
    strengthening its implementation processes at the
    district and village levels

6
Scheme Cycle for Implementing Decentralized
Services
Key Activity SHS/ SGS and HH Sanitation/ Env Sanitation MVS and HH Sanitation/ Env Sanitation
Pre-planning Phase 2-3 months 2-3 months
Formation of GP Water and Sanitation Committee (GPWSC) 1 1
Formation of Multi Village Water and Sanitation Committee (MVS-WSC) NA 2
Tripartite agreement for MVS signed between DWSC, Technical Dept. and participating GPs NA 2
Gram Sabha Resolution Agree To Do, to take up RWSS schemes as per guidelines and principles 2-3 2-3
Planning Phase 3-4 months 4-6 months
IEC/ BCC for water, hygiene, sanitation and environmental sanitation by SO and GPWSC - continues throughout planning and implementation phases periods 3-4 3-4
Preparation of Water Security Plan for the GP 2 3
Preparation of SHS/SGS preliminary designs by GPWSC, with support from SO 3 NA
Preparation of MVS preliminary designs by Technical Agency NA 4
Preparation of a comprehensive environmental sanitation plan for GP/ habitation. 3 3
Gram Sabha Resolution for scheme technology and estimates (for SHS/SGS) 1 1
Gram Sabha Resolution for Environmental Sanitation 1 1
Preparation of detailed Technical and Cost proposals of SHS/SGS by GPWSC with assistance from SO and Technical Dept., and submission for Technical Sanction 2 NA
Preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) by Technical Dept. for MVS NA 4
Preparation of Community Action Plans (CAP) for water and sanitation by GPWSC, with assistance from SO 1 1
Gram Sabha resolution on accepting CAP (Community Action Plan) 1 1
Collection of initial community contribution by GPWSC 2-3 2-3
     

7
Implementation Phase 6-10 months 18-24 months
Selection of construction contractor(s) by GP/GPWSC for SHS/SGS and SLWM Schemes, 2 2 (Env San only)
Construction of HH toilets (IHHL) with checks on quality of construction by Household and GPWSC/ SO 3 3
IEC/BCC activities continue, coordinated by SO on construction quality/monitoring, use/maintenance of toilets, hygiene promotion, solid waste management and sanitation training 6-10 18-24
Quality of construction independent checks for MVS and SLWM 1 1
Preparation of Implementation Phase Completion Reports for SHS/SGS/SLWM by GPWSC with assistance from SO (and Technical Dept if required) 1 NA
Preparation of Implementation Phase Completion Reports for MVS by Technical Dept. N1A 2
Technical and Social Audits to check water and sanitation schemes toilets are used and maintained villages are clean with no visible solid waste 2     4
ODF confirmed by SO/GPWSC, with spot checks by external groups 1 1
OM Phase    
Continuous IEC/BCC activities with monitoring at household and community level 6 18-14
Sanitation cross-checks by GPWSC 1 1
GPWSC takes over OM of schemes for SHS/SGS/intra-GP/SLWM 2 2 (SLWM only)
Technical Dept. takes over OM from Contractor for inter-village works of MVS 2 4
Collection of user charges by GPWSC 2 4
Exit of SOs from the GP 1 1
Continuous back-stopping by State Technical Dept. - -
8
Community Contributions towards Capital and OM
Costs
  • Capital Cost (CAPEX) Contributions
  • Rs 450 per household as one-time contribution
    from the beneficiary household (Rs 225 for SC/ST
    household)
  • OM Cost Recovery
  • Phased approach for achieving full OM cost
    recovery through user charges
  • In high cost schemes where 100 OM cost recovery
    is not possible, the project will start with at
    least 50 OM cost recovery, gradually moving to
    100 OM cost recovery by end of project period,
    through both real increases and indexation of
    tariffs to a suitable inflation index.
  • 24x7 water supply services in peri-urban areas
    will include household metering and suitably
    structured volumetric tariffs.
  • Bulk Water Tariffs will be introduced for bulk
    water supply at the village entry point for MVSs.
  • In cases affordable charges are inadequate for
    covering OM costs, State Government will provide
    transparent subsidies through OM grants under
    various programs.

9
Project Component A Capacity Building
  • Component A Capacity Building and Sector
    Development
  • A1 Capacity Building of MoDWS. Strengthening
    MoDWS to manage RWSS Programs, provide policy and
    technical advice.
  • A2 Capacity Building of RWSS Sector
    Institutions and PRIs.
  • State level.
  • District level.
  • PRIs.
  • Twinning arrangements.
  • A3. Program Information, Education, and
    Communications (IEC).
  • IEC for PRIs to adopt their new role in planning
    and implementation of RWSS schemes.
  • IEC to promote behavioural change among
    stakeholders for improving sanitation and hygiene
    practices.
  • Development of manuals, hand books, field books
    etc., on Project activities and implementation
    guidelines.
  • A4 Sector Development Studies and Pilot
    Innovations and Technologies.
  • RWSS Sector Program and Policies
  • Cost Effectiveness and Sustainability Analysis
  • Appropriate Technologies for RWSS Schemes
  • Institutional Models for Service Provision
  • Groundwater Management by Rural Communities
  • Independent Assessments and Project Reviews

10
Project Component B RWSS Infrastructure
Development
  • Component B Infrastructure Development
  • B1 New Investments. Project will finance new
    water supply schemes, supported by catchment area
    management programs (B3 below, if required), and
    test new technologies. Public-Private
    Partnerships will be supported as part of the new
    investment programs.
  • New investments in SVS, including SHS and SGS
    New investments in MVS, including small and large
    MVS
  • B2 Rehabilitation and Augmentation of Existing
    Schemes.
  • B3 Catchment Area Program. Source
    strengthening and catchment area management
    programs will be integrated as part of SVS and
    MVS (B1 and B2), if required.
  • B4 Water Quality Management. GPs will carry out
    disinfection of water supply and will regularly
    check for residual chlorine levels for the
    intra-village schemes.
  • B5 Household, Institutional and Environmental
    Sanitation. This sub-component will complement
    the existing GoI led Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA).
  • B6 Infrastructure Support. This sub-component
    will support the design and implementation of the
    infrastructure program
  • Engineering Support. Engineering support would be
    provided for designing and implementing the RWSS
    facilities.
  • District Support. Professional Agencies for
    implementing the district and village
    infrastructure programs in Jharkhand and Bihar,
    including technical support activities.
  • Community Support. The services of SOs, NGOs and
    community based organizations for pre-planning,
    planning and implementation phase activities of
    the scheme-cycle.
  •  

11
  • Component C Project Management Support
  • C1 Staffing and Consultancy Costs. The Project
    will support staff and consultancy costs
  • Implementing and managing the Project.
  • Facilitating the RWSS Program.
  • Coordinating with various stakeholders,
    especially SWSM and DWSMs.
  • Procuring services/consultants to support the
    implementation of the Project.
  • Internal and external financial audits.
  • Reviewing and reporting progress of Project
    activities.
  • C2 Equipment and Miscellaneous costs. These
    will include operational costs of the PMUs and
    the DPMUs, covering office expenses (rent) and
    other costs (computers, stationary, fuel, etc.)
  • Component D Contingency Emergency Response
  • Following an adverse natural event that causes a
    major natural disaster, the State government may
    request the Bank to re-allocate project funds to
    support response and reconstruction.

12
RWSSP-LIS (2013-14 to 2018-19) Financing of
Components (US million)

Components Total RWSS Sector Program Government Financing Government Financing World Bank(IDA) Financing Community Contribution WB (IDA) Financing as of Total Project Cost
    GoI Financing State Contribution      
Capacity Building and Sector Development 93 41 6 46 0 50
Infrastructure Development 860 276 146 430 8 50
Project Management Support 47 13 10 24 0 50
Contingency Emergency Response 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1,000 330 162 500 8 50

13
Batch-wise Coverage Habitations/Schemes
Batch Years Years SVS Schemes SVS Schemes Small MVS Schemes Small MVS Schemes Large MVS Schemes Large MVS Schemes Total Total
 State From To No of Schemes Habitations Coverage No of Schemes Habitations Coverage No of Schemes Habitations Coverage No of Schemes Habitations Coverage
Batch-1 Feb-14 March -17                
Assam     0 0 0 0 3 1956 3 1956
Bihar     152 555 3 56 1 90 156 701
Jharkhand     326 766 6 94 3 122 335 982
UP     219 1300 13 176 0 0 232 1476
Batch-2 Feb-16 March -19                
Assam     0 0 0 0 4 3081 4 3081
Bihar     108 515 6 470 3 400 117 1385
Jharkhand     270 742 21 494 3 65 294 1301
UP     300 1800 19 450 2 180 321 2430
Batch-3 Feb-17 March -20                
Assam     0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bihar     56 450 1 60 0 0 57 510
Jharkhand     83 314 36 626 3 81 122 1021
UP     361 2313 10 250 0 0 371 2563
Total     1875 8755 115 2676 22 5975 2012 17406
14
Institutional and Implementation Arrangements
  • Project to support progressive decentralization,
    with a much higher role and responsibility to
    PRIs at district and village level for designing
    and implementing the schemes, and to the SWSM and
    DWSM for policy and oversight aspects.
  • Responsibility of planning, implementing, and
    maintaining small SVS will be fully devolved to
    the GP, assisted by the District Project
    Management Units (DPMUs) and Support
    Organizations (SOs).
  • Rural communities to participate in the scheme
    cycle through the GP committees (GP-WSC for SVS
    and MVS committees for MVSs).
  • Contractual arrangements to be made between the
    bulk-water provider, the PHED/JN, and the scheme
    level committees for small and large MVSs.
  • Public Private Partnerships (PPPs), including
    Design-Build-Operate (DBO) models will be piloted
    for large MVSs.
  •  

15
State, District and Village Level Institutional
and Implementation Arrangements

16
Sustainability
  • Focus on technical, institutional and financial
    sustainability of schemes, with independent
    checks at various stages of the scheme design and
    implementation
  • Other critical factors are
  • timely implementation of the envisaged
    institutional framework with new and strengthened
    roles and responsibilities of the sector players
  • capacity building of the PRIs and GP-WSSCs to
    take over the responsibilities of WSS service
    delivery
  • appropriate change management efforts to shift
    the mindset of the sector institutions from
    service provider to facilitator
  • proper monitoring to ensure implementation of a
    consistent policy for all new investments
  • coordination with various departments to ensure
    integrated approach to WSS service delivery.

17
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18
  • Thank You
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