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Alphabet and Pronunciation

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Alphabet and Pronunciation El Alfabeto y la pronunciaci n The Spanish Alphabet The Spanish alphabet has 27 letters; 1 more than the English alphabet. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Alphabet and Pronunciation


1
Alphabet and Pronunciation
  • El Alfabeto y la pronunciación

2
The Spanish Alphabet
  • The Spanish alphabet has 27 letters 1 more than
    the English alphabet.
  • The letter combinations of ch, ll, and rr were
    once considered separate letters.
  • For the purpose of this class, we will view them
    as separate letters.
  • The vowels in Spanish have one distinct sound and
    are always pronounced the same.

3
10 Rules for Pronunciation
  • Rule 1 b and v are both pronounced be but
    not as hard as in English.
  • Rule 2 If c comes before a, o, or u, it
    is pronounced like the English k.
  • Rule 3 If g comes before e or i, it is
    pronounced like the letter h. It is pronounced
    like the letter g before an a, o, or u.
  • Rule 4 Never pronounce the letter h.
  • Rule 5 The letter j is always pronounced like
    h or a spitty g.

4
10 Rules For Pronunciation
  • Rule 6 The letter ll is pronounced like the
    English y.
  • Rule 7 The n is pronounced ny.
  • Rule 8 The letter q is pronounced k but the
    u following the q is not pronounced.
  • Rule 9 The rr is trilled. The letter r is
    trilled at the beginning of a word and when it
    come after l or n.
  • Rule 10 The letter z is always pronounced like
    the letter s.

5
Practicing Pronunciation
  • The best way to better your pronunciation is to
    practice every day.
  • Find something written in Spanish and read it
    along or record yourself to see how you improve.
  • Practice writing some sentences phonetically to
    help with longer, harder words.
  • Listen to heritage speakers so you will know how
    the words are suppose to sound. You can do this
    by watching your favorite movie in Spanish, the
    Spanish-speaking channels, or simply listening to
    the many heritage speakers we have here in school.

6
Phonetics
  • Phonetics can be defined as the symbols used to
    represent the speech sounds of a language .
  • We will NOT use real phonetics but a resemblance
    to guide us to almost perfect pronunciations.
  • The letter symbols will not change. The same
    symbols will always be used to represent the
    corresponding sound.

7
Examples
  • El gato es rojo
  • /ehl-gah-toh-ehs-rroh-hoh/
  • Mi mama y mi padre caminan los domingos.
  • /mee-mah-mah-ee-mee-pah-dreh-ka-mee-nahn-lohs-doh-
    meen-gohs/
  • Juan tiene dieciocho anos.
  • /wahn-teeeh-neh-deeeh-see-oh-choh-ahnyos/
  • Laura busca el libro que esta debajo de sus
    zapatos.
  • /laoorah-boos-kah-ehl-lee-broh-kay-ehs-tah-deh-bah
    -ho-deh-soos-sah-pah-tohs/

8
Stress and Accent
  • Where a word is stressed influences how it is
    pronounced.
  • If a word ends in a vowel, n, or s, the natural
    stress is on the next to last syllable.
  • If a word ends in a consonant, other than n or s,
    the natural stress falls on the last syllable.
  • If a word does not follow the two above rules,
    the word has a written accent to denote the
    stressed syllable.
  • If the stress falls on the third or fourth to
    last syllable, there is always a written accent.
  • Some words have accent marks to denote meaning
    that is different from its counterpart without an
    accent (ej. sí yes siif)
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