Promoting public / private partnerships in France : 7 Research and Technological Innovation Networks _______ Ministry of Research Ministry of Industry Dr.Pierre-Yves Mauguen - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Promoting public / private partnerships in France : 7 Research and Technological Innovation Networks _______ Ministry of Research Ministry of Industry Dr.Pierre-Yves Mauguen

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Title: Vers le 5 me Programme-Cadre/set politique Subject: Set r vis le 22 janvier 1998 Author: S.Gosden Last modified by: Pr nom Nom Created Date – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Promoting public / private partnerships in France : 7 Research and Technological Innovation Networks _______ Ministry of Research Ministry of Industry Dr.Pierre-Yves Mauguen


1
Promoting public / private partnerships
in France 7 Research and Technological
Innovation Networks_______ Ministry of
Research Ministry of IndustryDr.Pierre-Yves
Mauguen
2
Summary
  • 1- General context
  • 2- The RTIN presentation, main features and
    the peer review
  • 3- Quantitative results main actors, financial
    support, financial additivity, SME participation
  • 4- Policy lessons and recomandations

3
Public research organisations
  • Basic research oriented CNRS, INSERM (health),
    INRIA (computer, networks and communication),
    CNES (space), CIRAD (research for development),
    Universities labs, etc.
  • Fondations Pasteur Institute (vaccines), Curie
    Institute (cancer), ANRS (aids)
  • Applied and technological oriented CEA(energy,
    nanotech), BRGM(geology, gas, mining),
    IFREMER(marine), ADEME, INERIS,etc
  • Links to be improved with firms, and between
    research organisations. More precisely...

4
A favorable Context a major interest in
partnerships P/P for policy makers
  • A new challenge Law for innovation and
    research (1999), focused on start-up and
    innovative firms created by searchers and
    mobility of searchers
  • a report from a former CNRS Director general and
    High education director (Ministry of education)
    and Head of R/D directorate in car and engines
    (Renault)
  • A mismatch between public research
    infrastructures and changing patterns in firms
    innovation
  • those partnerships had both political and
    parlementary support (Senate)
  • sustain competitive advantages in technological
    domains
  • association between Research ministry and
    industry ministry

Other instruments are existing...
5
Network as a structuring instrument policy for
ST
  • promote a more integrated view of science and
    technology than the large programs of the 90 s
  • break technological barriers for products and
    services
  • support behavioral changes in firms, for new R/D
    investments
  • insert technological innovation in markets and
    societal needs in a middle or long term
    perspective
  • ?Foster the responsivness of PRO to industrial
    needs

6
16 networks under operation (I)
  • Industry Networks
  • Biotechnologies (3)
  • GenHomme (human genome)
  • Génoplante (vegetal genome)
  • Health technology
  • Information Communication technologies (4)
  • Audio-visual and multimedia research and
    innovation RIAM
  • Micro-nano technology national network RMNT
  • Telecommunications research RNRT Software
    technologies research and innovation network
  • Environment (3)
  • Water and environmental technologies
  • Accidental maritime pollution and ecological
    fallouts
  • Earth and space

More networks ...
7
16 networks under operation (II)
  • Industry Networks
  • Energy (1)
  • Fuel Cells PACO
  • Transportation (2)
  • Air and space research on supersonic
    aeroplane
  • National Program for research and innovation
    in ground transportation or  PREDIT 
  • Building civil engineering (2)
  • Civil Urban Works
  • Materials processes

8
EXAMINATION OF SEVEN RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGICAL
INNOVATION NETWORKS (RTINs)
RNRT (telecommunications) future of the
Internet, the next generations of multimedia
mobile telephony and new communicating objects.
RMNT (Research Network for  Micro- and
Nano-Technologies) main areas of research
concerning the sizing, operation, mass production
and characterisation of very small objects, which
can be as small as molecules. RIAM (Research
Network for Audiovisual and Multimedia Research)
aims to provide the audiovisual and multimedia
programme industries with innovative tools
stemming from public and private
research. GenHomme genomics and post-genomics
(the purpose of genomics is to catalogue all of
an organisms genes, and to understand their
regulation, functions and interactions). Genoplant
e vegetal genomics seeds and seed
protection. PACO research on fuel cells.
PREDIT (the Interministerial Land Transport
Research and Innovation Programme) organises and
co-ordinates public initiatives in support of
research, development, technology transfer and
experimentation in the field of land transport.
9
How do a RRIT Work ?
  • a steering comity (COS) is in charge of
    stratégic orientations, programs definitions and
    operating rules
  • the chair of COS is from industry
  • executive board implement the overall policies,
    with the help of a secretariat
  • a scientific advisory board coordinates the
    selection, the follow-up and evaluations
  • strategic orientations are translated into calls
    for proposals
  • network certification procedure under the
    responsability of each network two experts in
    different fields
  • certified projects are forwarded to the
    ministries and special agencies
  • mostly,  exploratory  projects are financed by
    Minister of research, when pre-competitive 
    projects are financed by Ministry of Industry.
    Ministry of Equipment and transports is very
    active in three networks.
  • two ways of financing MR (financial helps with
    two rates 50 SME, 30 large firms, MI (financial
    helps refoundable advances)

10
A 292,24 Million funded by the Ministry of
Research, 1998 - 2002
11
Associated platforms
  • Created in 2001,  ...infrastructures or
    instruments implemented to conceive composants
    assembling or systems or to experiment, to
    dévelop processes, to test high technology
    services, in conditions near from the markets .
    They attain the number of 31 in December 2002.
  • Main features
  • technological hub in the economy of a sector,
  • infrastructure towards applications oriented use
  • method of pooling technological and human
    ressources
  • mainly of the responsability of actors involved
    in RRIT
  • eases a convergence point of goals and interests
    (for searchers, for users, for industries)
  • returns to scales
  • Exemples grid computing, virtual reality,
    bio-informatics, protein chemistry, etc.

12
Intellectual property rights
  • Principle mainly of the responsability of
    stakeholders involved in RRIT s projects IPR
    issues are covered through an agrement signed by
    the members of a project before its eligibility.
  • some Networks have stted up special companies
    for IPR for example Genoplante
  • RRIT GenHomme has established its own chart,
    linked with the national one, incluing a
    confidentiality article and a IPR agrement shared
    by the members of a project before its
    eligibility.
  • competencies in IPR are more generally linked
    with the IPR bureau of PRO participating in the
    projects

13
International openess and perspectives
  • Firstly country specific tool partnerships and
    networking are conceived on a national basis,
    which means that any domiciliated foreign firm
    can participate
  • The model of Networks have nevertheless obvious
    links with foreign operators or programs and
    searchers
  • foreign researchers in PRO, like CNRS and
    universities
  • bilateral cooperation initiatives national level
    Genoplante with Gabi (Germany) in vegetal
    genomics, or Predit and  mobilitat  in
    transport networks
  • cooperation though nodes of the networks
    Grenoble Genhomme node is paricipating to common
    activities with ESRF, ILL and EMBL on the
    structural genomics initiative.
  • RNTL (mobiles, telecom) is opening cooperation at
    the european level on software, a promising
    cooperation exists with Finland.
  • in RITMER (marine pollutions), informations
    exchanges are performed with Spain and Portugal.
  • foreign and european partners may be associated
    in projects, or participate to experiments in
    technological platforms, insuring the financial
    conterweight.

14
Main caracteristics of the selected RRIT
Fields Stepping up science Bottum-up or top
Using technolol Competition PME
base/mobilising down approach
platforms level/Coop RNRT internet
M B/T Comp
35 mobiles, comm RMNT Micro and
nano S/M B Comp/coop technolog
ies RIAM audiovisual S/M
B/T Comp/coo 52 and
multimedia GenHomme genomics S/M
B/T Comp/coop 55
post-genomics Genoplante seeds and
S and political T _
Coop seeds protection PACO fuel cells
M and economics b/T _
Comp PREDIT land transport S/M
B Coop 26
15
Trend in the financing of research via RTINs
and other competitive grants by the
Technological Research Fund (FRT) of the
Ministry of research
Millions
1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
16
Research and Technological Innovation Networks
partners
  • Partners are (2000 and 2001)
  • public labs in universities 14
  • in engineering schools 5
  • publics research organisations, 34
  • large corporations 12
  • SME 29
  • professional associations, regional delegations,
    technical centers 5

17
Synthesis for private and public funding,7 RTIN,
2001 et 2002
En millions 2001 2002 Total
2001-2002 Public funding 136,23 130,69
266,92 Private funding 174,78
175,46 350,24 Total amount for projects
311,01 306,15 617,16 Shared by private
funding 56 57 57 Nombre de
projets 234 550 784 Source 
tables from each network,, Direction de la
Technologie et DIGITIP
18
Financial input additivity
RMNT RNRT RIAM Genoplante
GenHomme PREDIT PACO Number
of certified projects 2002 10
36 3 85 12
366 8 private
funding 2001 45 44,5 63,7
65,3 27,5 71
60 private funding 2002 46,6 66,5
55 49,3 33
58,9 56
19
Nature of firms helped though FRT
Large groups SME (lt 500 p) Public
structures, associations, transfer centers,
regions
64,7 M in 1996
90,65 M in 1999
157,9 M in 2001
20
First benefits from RTIN
  • Help to promote large programs (genomics,
    nanotechnologies)
  • Support an open and flexible strategy (quite
    opposed to planned research programs)
  • Facilitate interdisciplinary approach and use of
    common ressources (TICs platforms)
  • Lift barriers (horizontal rather than vertical)
  • - among research institutions
  • - between public research and private research
  • Benefit to SMEs which are compulsorily associated

But the evolution of networks meets obstacles ...
21
Policy lessons 1- Appropriateness
  • Covers well, in some case too well succes may
    bring to some more opportunistic creation
    ( accidental marine pollutions network )
  • mobilises more than some pre-existing networks,
    towards sharper objectives
  • gives indeed stronger autonomy attributes, and
    help towards a  communauty  of actors
  • RRIT stay open to new stakeholders (exemple of
    telecom RNRT)
  • foster SME involvment
  • RRIT are interesting tools for internationalisatio
    n of research

22
Policy lessons 2- Own efficiency of RRIT
  • Observations
  • critical mass funding for some networks
  • lack of own ressources to foster the management
  • Industry chairing the SOC, but recognition and
    legitimacy is not still clear
  • light capacity to manage IPR in some networks
  • financial arrangements may be optimised (funding
    procedures and timing)
  • involvment of VC community
  • hidden costs must be better identified (private
    side and public side)
  • Lessons and suggestions
  • act as steamline financing procedures
  • increase own ressources for management and for
    steering technological research
  • create an inter-networks platform for mutual
    learning about common management issues
  • continue to undertake strategic studies

23
Policy lessons 3- About system efficiency
  • Observations
  • Certification of projects is not a complete
    garanty for Ministeries,
  • financial support has allowed an incresing
    number of SME in projects
  • economic sustainability of new science based
    firms is still unsatisfying
  • adaptation of strategic change of R/D in firms
  • How and should regions be more involved ?
  • position of networks in PRO and universities has
    to be integrated more
  • international linkages may be fostered
  • Lessons and suggestions
  • promote RRIT beyond the research community and
    boarders
  • help to create new interdisciplinary posts to
    hire young researchers, especially in small
    firms
  • foster participation in international networks
  • improve consistancy in research orientation with
    european programs (FP and Eureka)
  • reinforce foresight in key aereas

24
For more information www.recherche.gouv.fr
French Ministry of Research, French Ministry of
Industry
more web sites...
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