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The Supreme Court

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The Supreme Court Chapter 11 Section 3 ... the chief justice of the United States and eight associate justices. The Supreme Court s duty involves them in three ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Supreme Court


1
The Supreme Court
  • Chapter 11
  • Section 3

2
(No Transcript)
3
Section 3
Supreme Court Justices
  • The Supreme Court is comprised of nine justices
    the chief justice of the United States and eight
    associate justices.
  • The Supreme Courts duty involves them in three
    decision-making tasks
  • deciding which cases to hear from among the
    thousands appealed to the Court each year
  • deciding the case itself and

4
Section 3
Supreme Court Justices (cont.)
  • determining an explanation for the decision,
    called the Courts opinion.
  • The chief justices duties include
  • presiding over sessions and conferences at which
    the justices discuss cases
  • assigning the writing of the Courts opinion to
    one of the justices who voted for the ruling and

5
Section 3
Supreme Court Justices (cont.)
  • helping administer the federal court system.
  • The Courts law clerks assist the justices with
    many tasks, enabling the justices to concentrate
    on their pressing duties.

6
Section 3
Supreme Court Jurisdiction
  • Article III, Section 2, of the Constitution
    addresses two types of cases in which the Supreme
    Court has original jurisdiction
  • cases involving representatives of foreign
    governments and
  • certain cases in which a state is a party.

7
Section 3
Supreme Court Jurisdiction (cont.)
  • The Supreme Court can also hear cases appealed
    from the highest court of a state if claims under
    federal law or the Constitution are involved.

8
Section 3
Appointing Justices
  • Justices reach the Court through appointment by
    the president with Senate approval.
  • Political considerations often affect a
    presidents choice of a nominee to the Court.
  • Presidents prefer to nominate a candidate whose
    political beliefs are similar to their own.

9
Section 3
Appointing Justices (cont.)
  • The American Bar Association evaluates the
    professional qualifications of candidates for all
    Article III judicial positions

10
Section 3
Appointing Justices (cont.)
  • Members of the Supreme Court sometimes have
    considerable influence in the selection of new
    justices.
  • As leaders of the Court, chief justices have
    often been very active in the selection process.
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