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Demonstrating%20integrated%20innovative%20technologies%20for%20an%20optimal%20and%20safe%20closed%20water%20cycle%20in%20Mediterranean%20tourist%20facilities

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Title: Demonstrating%20integrated%20innovative%20technologies%20for%20an%20optimal%20and%20safe%20closed%20water%20cycle%20in%20Mediterranean%20tourist%20facilities


1
Demonstrating integrated innovative technologies
for an optimal and safe closed water cycle in
Mediterranean tourist facilities
Funded under the Water and Innovation Action of
the 7th Framework programme of RTD-D of the
European Union
  • Ignasi Rodriguez-Roda
  • irodriguezroda_at_icra.cat, ignasi.rodriguezroda_at_udg.
    edu
  • 15 January 2015
  • 2nd Official MITOMED event
  • Girona

2
  • LAYOUT
  • Tourism and water (in Euro-Med)
  • demEAUmed
  • consortium, objectives
  • Water cycle diagnose
  • quantity/quality
  • survey Hotels
  • Water treatment
  • Expected results
  • Advisory board/Innovation/synergies
  • Water footprint and other indicators

3
Tourism and water (in EuroMed)
  • Euromediterranean area
  • WATER SCARCITY TOURISM DESTINATION
  • Tourism is central part of Mediterranean
    economies
  • (e.g. Spain 11)
  • European directives and policies related to this
    topic... gaps
  • Green label would be a plus for European tourism
    vs. other destinations

4
Tourism and water (in EuroMed)
  • Hotels, golf resorts, spas, amusement parks
  • Identify points of maximum use of water
  • To decrease water footprint (cost)
  • To optimize water management (health)
  • To communicate to client/society (image)

5
Possible water sources
groundwater
tap water
seawater
rain water
WWTP effluent
6
Water uses in hotels
  • Among (direct) water uses the most relevant are
  • Rooms
  • Toilet
  • Shower
  • Pool
  • Kitchen
  • Laundry
  • Common areas
  • Toilet
  • cleaning
  • Garden
  • Golf
  • Acclimatization

7
Tourism and water TREATMENT
  • Global market opportunities for SMEs
  • There are innovative technologies. Just a few are
    implemented. Never in an integrated way
  • Different water sources (tap, rain, groundwater)
  • Water and energy minimisation
  • Wastewater separation (grey, yellow, black)
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Water reuse (gardening, flush, natural swimming
    pool., etc)

8
demEAUmed
demonstrating integrated innovative technologies
for an optimal and safe closed water cycle in
Mediterranean tourist facilities
9
demEAUmed - Consortium
ENV-2013.WATER INNODEMO-1 Water innovation
demonstration projects
  • 1st January 2014
  • 15 partners 7 countries
  • Duration 42 months (June 2017)
  • Demo Site Hotel Samba (Lloret de Mar)
  • Total budget 5,831,907.84
  • EC contribution
  • 4,016,469.95

10
demEAUmed Objectives
Involvement of industry representatives,
stakeholders, research centres, policy-makers and
diverse technical and scientific experts to
demonstrate and promote
  • Integration of innovative technologies for an
    optimal and safe closed water cycle in
    Mediterranean tourist facilities
  • Reduction of water consumption
  • Water cycle monitoring, control and automation
  • Dissemination of results to other touristic
    resorts
  • Creation of new market opportunities to European
    industries and SMEs

11
demEAUmed strategy Water treatment
CONTROL SCENARIOS
TREATMENT
legislation GAPS
12
From Hotels to demEAUmed DEMO site
13
demEAUmed DEMO site
  • The Costa Brava (NE, Spain) is an important
    Spanish and European holiday destination
    (recommended destination 2012, National
    Geographic Traveler).
  • Lloret de Mar, is the largest resort on the Costa
    Brava, (40,000 inhabitants, up to 200,000 in
    summer)
  • Samba Hotel is a large resort (441 rooms), green
    areas and exterior pools, conference room, bar
    and restaurant.
  • Certified by EMAS and ISO14001
  • Water use from 25,000 to 34,000 m3/year (100 to
    135 l/client/day)
  • Grey water system for water closets

14
demEAUmed Hotel (Samba Hotel)
Rooms
Swimming pool
Restaurant (kitchen)
Gardens
15
demEAUmed water cycle
16
demEAUmed Water cycle diagnose
  • To conduct a WATER CYCLE DIAGNOSE in the
    representative Samba DEMO sites facilities
  • to acquire the guidelines for a safe closed water
    cycle strategy within the hotel.
  • To identify, quantify and characterize the water
    fluxes.
  • To define the guidelines for a safe closed water
    cycle.
  •  

17
In terms of quantity
Toilet flushing 0
in Samba Hotel June 2014
18
..and in terms of quality
  • Standard chemical analyses
  • Micropollutants content
  • Microbiological indicators

19
demEAUmed Water cycle diagnose
 
  • To conduct a WATER CYCLE DIAGNOSE in the
    representative Samba DEMO sites facilities
  • To ANALYSE and COMPARE water fluxes in different
    TOURISTIC MEDITERRANEAN FACILITIES
  • To acquire information in representative
    facilities.
  • To compare the information with DEMO site
  • To extend the guidelines to a broader range of
    touristic facilities (e.g. at different scale,
    with different facilities, with different
    limitations etc.)
  •  

20
Questionnaire
  • Introduction general information about the
    establishment
  • Water infrastructure
  • Presence of pool spa golf course and their
    size
  • Sources of water used for different parts of
    water infrastructure
  • water consumption monitoring
  • Use of water saving devices
  • Grey black waste water treatment
  • Conclusion general questions about environmental
    awareness

21
Example survey page
22
Questionnaire languages
Middle East Africa
Spain
23
Final e-mails database (sent surveys)
Low numbers or replies!
24
Final e-mails database
Any suggestion? Help in dissemination? Contacts
Ignasi Rodriguez-Roda (irodriguezroda_at_icra.cat) Gi
anluigi Buttiglieri (gbuttiglieri_at_icra.cat
) Giuliana Ferrero (G.Ferrero_at_unesco-ihe.org) Yne
ss Slokar (Y.Slokar_at_unesco-ihe.org) www.demEAUmed.
eu
25
demEAUmed - TREATMENT
Example greywater
26
demEAUmed Technologies (1)
ELECTROCHEMICAL OZONATION Fraunhofer
PHOTOELECTRO FENTON, Leitat
Electro-Fenton
Photo-Fenton
ELECTROCOAGULATION - FLOTATION Leitat
ADSORPTION PROCESSES, Fraunhofer
27
demEAUmed Technologies (2)
UVOX, Wapure International GmbH
VERTICAL ECOSYSTEMS, Alchemia
Smart Air MBR, ICRA
PLIMMER, Idropan
28
demEAUmed Expected Results
  • 60 70 reuse of treated water
  • 30 50 water consumption reduction (drinking
    water)
  • 10 30 of environmental impact reduction
    within the Euro-Mediterranean resorts
  • 60 80 emerging contaminants removal
  • Treatment and reuse of greywater on-site by the
    use of vertical ecosystems
  • 75-85 conductivity reduction
  • Microbiological charge removal
  • Control of water consumption and its quality
  • Decision support systems -gt Selection of the
    best water management alternatives

29
demEAUmed Advisory Board Members
  •          Mona Arnold VTT, Technical Research
    Center, Finland
  •          Günther Langergraber Austrian
    University of Natural Resources and Life
    Sciences.
  •          Eduard Fernández Martín Melia Hotels
    International, Spain

The members of the advisory board are in charge
of the periodic peer reviews of project progress
and providing recommendations on project
implementation.
30
demEAUmed - Innovation
  • Importance of touristic sector in Mediterranean
    countries.
  • Water scarcity in Mediterranean countries.
  • Engagement of the touristic sector towards more
    sustainable energy and water management

Treatment and reutilization of different effluents
Closed cycle

Integrated focus
Demonstration of pre-marketable technologies
31
demEAumed - synergies
  • Link with EIP Water
  • Other EU water-related projects will be
    considered (FP7, H2020, LIFE, etc) to find
    possible synergies with demEAUmed.
  • Complementary with other EU funding mechanisms
  • European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF)
  • Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart
    Specialisation of the EU (RIS3)
  • For example
  • RIS3CAT - Research and Innovation Strategy for
    Smart Specialisation of Catalonia
  • Pillar 1 Leading Sectors 1) Food, 2) Energy
    and Resources, 3) Industrial systems, 4)
    design-based sectors, 5) sustainable mobility,
    6) health industries, 7) experienced- based
    cultural industries.

32
For further information www.demEAUmed.eu Th
is project has received funding from the European
Unions Seventh Programme for research,
technological development and demonstration under
grant agreement No. 619116
33
Water footprint (WF) concept
  • WF is an indicator of the water use by a consumer
    or producer, including both direct and indirect
    use.
  • Measured in volume of consumed water (evaporated
    or not returned) and/or contaminated per unit of
    time.
  • Geographically and temporarily explicit
  • Can be calculated by a process, product a
    consumer (or group of) or producer
  • (Hoekstra et al., 2011 The WF Assessment
    Manual)

34
Water footprint (WF) concept
  • Blue WF
  • Volume of surface or ground water evaporated or
    incorporated into a product per unit of time
  • Green WF
  • Volume of rain water evaporated or incorporated
    into a product per unit of time
  • Grey WF
  • Volume of polluted water per unit of time

(Hoekstra et al., 2011)
35
Water footprint concept
(Hoekstra et al., 2011 The WF Assessment Manual)
36
Water footprint (WF)
I Fòrum LEQUIA de transferència tecnològica en
làmbit de laigua Girona, 12 de desembre de 2014
37
WF in hotels
Direct Rooms Toilet Cleaning
Laundry Restaurant Kitchen Cleaning
Laundry Outdoor water Garden
Pool Common areas Toilet
Indirect Food Vegetables Meat
Beverages Textile Towels Sheets
Tablecloths Energy consumption Construction
materials
38
Life cycle assessment
Life Cycle Assessment is a technique for
assessing the environmental aspects and potential
impacts associated with a product, system or
service ISO 14044 Assessing the whole-of-life
implications
I Fòrum LEQUIA de transferència tecnològica en
làmbit de laigua Girona, 12 de desembre de 2014
39
LCA and WF
Enable to quantify the environmental impacts of a
process
sofisticated treatment
I Fòrum LEQUIA de transferència tecnològica en
làmbit de laigua Girona, 12 de desembre de 2014
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